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M17 Half-track
US Army M16 MGMC AA Half-track.jpg
The M16 Half-track similar to M17.
Type Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1943-1945[1]
Used by Soviet Union
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer International Harvester
Designed 1941-1943[1]
Manufacturer International Harvester
Produced 1943-1944
Number built 1000
Specifications (without winch[3])
Weight 19,700 lb (8,900 kg) loaded
Length 20 feet 2 316 inches (6.15 m)
Width 7 feet 3 inches (2.21 m)
Height 6 feet 5 14 inches (1.96 m) to top of cab
Crew 5

Armor Hull: 6 mm (0.24 in)
Windscreen visor: 12.7 mm (0.50 in)
Primary
armament
4x .5 inch (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun in a M45 Quadmount[2]
Engine IHC RED-450-B
141 hp (105 kW)
Suspension beam axle on leaf springs(front)
tracks on vertical volute springs(rear)
Operational
range
200 mi (321.9 km)
Speed 42 mph (68 km/h)

The M17 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage was a US self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon produced by International Harvester for Lend-Lease to the Allies during World War II. The M17 was a four-heavy machine gun mounting on a M5 Half-track chassis. International Harvester produced 400 M17 half tracks in 1943 and 600 in 1944. All were provided to the Soviet Union in 1943 and 1944.[4]

Development[edit | edit source]

The M5, what the M17 is also based on

The first MGMC Half-tracks were the two-gun M13 and M14 based on the M3 and M5 half-track chassis respectively. When the two-gun mounting was improved to the Maxson M45 four-gun mounting this gave the M16 and M17. The M45 Quadmount was slightly different from earlier models of the M16. Later models of the M16 could interchange their quadmounts with the M17[N 1]. The M17 was accepted into production in 1943. All of them were shipped to the Soviet Union in late 1943 and early 1944.

Production History[edit | edit source]

The M17 was produced by International Harvester in the latter half of 1943 to the former half of 1944. Like most International Harvester produced half tracks, all of the half tracks were provided to the Allies - either the British Commonwealth, France, or the Soviet Union. This time it was the Soviet Union who got the half-tracks.

Service History[edit | edit source]

The M17 served with the Soviet Union from the latter half of 1943 until the end of World War II. A significant amount (up to half) of the Soviet's air defense was made of M17 half tracks. The M17 served through the Minsk Offensive, Battle of Smolensk (1943), Battle of the Baltic (1939-1945), Operation Bagration, and many others. It also served in the Korean War with the Chinese. The Soviet Union outclassed the M17 at the end of the Korean War.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes
  1. The F model of the M45 Quadmount was used on the M16A1, M16A2, and M17.
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 Rickard,J (2014)
  2. Berndt 1993, p. 152.
  3. "TM-9-2800-1 Standard Military Motor Vehicles". US War Dept.. 1 Sep 1943. http://www.scribd.com/doc/140198120/TM-9-2800-1943-STANDARD-MILITARY-MOTOR-VEHICLES-1-SEPTEMBER-1943. Retrieved 31 Dec 2014. 
  4. Zaloga p39
Bibliography
  • Berndt, Thomas (1993). Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles. Iola, WI: Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-223-0
  • Rickard,J (20 May 2014). M17 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage History of War
  • Zaloga, Steven (2004). M3 Infantry Half-Track 1940-1973. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing

External links[edit | edit source]


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