|Builders:||Blohm + Voss|
Royal Australian Navy |
Royal New Zealand Navy
|Displacement:||3,400 tons (full load)|
|Length:||118 m (387 ft)|
|Beam:||14.8 m (49 ft)|
|Draught:||4.3 m (14 ft)|
|Propulsion:||1 × General Electric LM2500+ gas turbine and 2 × MTU 12V1163 TB83 diesel engines, driving two shafts with controllable pitch propellers in CODOG configuration.|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Range:||6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)|
|Sensors and |
Sonars: Thomson Sintra Spherion B Mod 5; hull-mounted; active search and attack; medium frequency. Provision for towed array|
Air search radar: Raytheon AN/SPS-49(V)8 ANZ (C/D-band)
Surface search radar: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 TIR (Ericsson Tx/Rx) (G-band)
Navigation: Atlas Elektronik 9600 ARPA (I-band)
|Electronic warfare |
ESM: Racal modified Sceptre A (radar intercept), Telefunken PST-1720 Telegon 10 (comms intercept)|
Countermeasures: Decoys: G & D Aircraft SRBOC Mk-36 Mod 1 decoy launchers for SRBOC
Fire control: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 (J-band)
1 x S-70B Seahawk or |
1 x SH-2G Super Seasprite
Variants[edit | edit source]
Anzac class (MEKO 200)[edit | edit source]
The Australian Department of Defence decided to upgrade their Anzacs even before all ships were completed, the upgraded configuration includes— RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles fitted in two quad launchers, Evolved Sea Sparrow missiles quad-packed in VLS enabling 32 missiles to be carried, four Nulka active missile decoy bays, and the TSM 5424 Petrel mine and obstacle avoidance sonar system. All upgrades and new builds are scheduled for completion by 2006.
In 2004 Tenix, Saab, and the Australian Department of Defence formed a Private Public Partnership to upgrade the anti-ship missile defence capability of the Anzac class. This upgrade will include Sagem Vampir NG IRST (infra-red search and track) capability, Saab Combat Management System upgrade and CEA Technologies PAR 3D E/F band fixed active phased array radar and illuminator. A new main mast will be constructed to incorporate the CEAFAR and CEAMOUNT systems and maintain the existing 2D radar and electronic surveillance capabilities.
Yavuz/Barbaros class (MEKO 200TN)[edit | edit source]
The Turkish variant, MEKO 200TN, is a modified MEKO 200 type multirole frigate.
The first order for the Turkish Navy was signed during April 1983 with two MEKO 200TN built in Germany and two built in the Gölcük shipyards in Turkey. The vessels are also known as MEKO 200TN Track I or Yavuz class. Two more orders followed, each known as Track IIA Barbaros class and Track IIB. The Yavuz class frigates have adopted the CODAD propulsion method with 4 MTU 20V Diesel engines, which require a substantial amount of maintenance. There were also questions over the selection of the Swiss manufactured Sea Zenith, an advanced CIWS system that was never previously used on any naval platform, but there have been no negative reports regarding the system's performance from the Turkish Navy. The later Track IIA frigates have incorporated major improvements including the CODOG propulsion method with 2 MTU 16V diesel engines and 2 LM2500-30 Gas turbines, a greater displacement of 3350 (full load) and the replacement of the older Mk-29 Sea Sparrow launcher with the Mk-41 Mod 8 VLS.
These frigates are considered to be used not for naval superiority but rather as sea denying assets that will try to inflict maximum damage to the enemy, while trying to keep friendly casualties low. MEKO200TN Track I/IIA/IIBs have a maximum speed of 27/31+kts, with a range of 4000 nm and a speed of 20/22kts. Their armament includes the FMC Mk-45 127mm/54cb gun, 8 RGM-84 Harpoons, 2x3 Mk32 324mm torpedo tubes, and 8/16 RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missiles. Electronic equipment includes the DA 08/ AWS-9 surface/air surveillance radar, the WM 25/ AWS 6 tracking radar, the TM 1226/ 2690BT ARPA navigation radar, and STACOS TU/FD Tactical Command and Control System. The Turkish frigates are also equipped with WM25/ COSYS DDWCS Fire Control System, a DE1160 sonar, and Link 11/14 VESTA CDL2, MCS2002 communication systems.
Hydra class (MEKO 200HN)[edit | edit source]
The MEKO frigates have high-level specifications for shock resistance, stiffness requirements for the fire control and radar systems, and blast and gas pressure resistance to retain the integrity of the on-board weapon systems. The hull is constructed of high tensile steel with a yield strength of 355 N/mm².
The ship is divided into twelve self-sufficient watertight sections, which function almost independently of each other. Each compartment also has independent data transfer to the ship’s Naval Automation System, Nautos.
The four Hydra class frigates of the Hellenic Navy of Greece are 3200t frigates of the MEKO 200HN design. The first of the four, Hydra (F452) was built by Blohm + Voss in Hamburg and commissioned in 1992. The other three were constructed at the Hellenic Shipyards Co. at Skaramagas. Spetsai (F453) was commissioned in 1996, Psara (F454) in 1998 and Salamis (F455) in 1999.
Three Hydra class frigates were deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom 2002–2003.
Valour class (MEKO A-200SAN)[edit | edit source]
The improved A-200SAN design incorporates new signature reduction measures. The combat management system is sourced from Thales. A single Rooivalk attack helicopter can be accommodated.
Vasco da Gama class (MEKO 200PN)[edit | edit source]
The Vasco da Gama class, a development of the MEKO 200 PN German concept, are major surface ships of the Portuguese Navy. Portugal operates three ships of this class, which were built in Kiel by Blohm + Voss and later by HDW, using modular construction techniques.
The project for the construction of three frigates of this class was authorized by the Portuguese Government in 1985, five years after the request of the Portuguese Navy for the acquisition of new surface ships.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Australia: 8 MEKO 200 (Anzac class)
- Turkey: 8 MEKO 200TN (4 x Yavuz class, 4 x Barbaros class)
- Greece: 4 MEKO 200HN (Hydra class)
- South Africa: 4 MEKO A-200SAN (Valour class)
- Portugal: 3 MEKO 200PN (Vasco da Gama class)
- New Zealand: 2 MEKO 200 (Anzac class)
- 2+2 Meko A200 (Valour class) 
See also[edit | edit source]
- Anzac class frigate
- Brandenburg class frigate
- F125 class frigate
- Formidable class frigate
- La Fayette class frigate
- MEKO 140
- MEKO 360
- Sachsen class frigate
- Sigma class corvette
- MEKO A-200 Valour
- Halifax class frigate
References[edit | edit source]
- "Algerian Navy signs deal with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems for 2+2 Meko A200 Frigates: Details". Navyrecognition.com. 2012-07-25. http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=525. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
[edit | edit source]
- MEKO A Class Combat Ship Family, Germany(Naval Technology)
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