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CGM/MGM-13 Mace
CGM-13 test launch at Cape Canaveral
Role Cruise missile
Manufacturer Glenn L. Martin Company
First flight 1956
Introduction 1959
Retired Early 1970s
Status Retired
Primary user United States Air Force
Unit cost
$452,000
Developed from MGM-1 Matador

The Martin Mace (designated TM-76A and TM-76B tactical missile until 1963, then as MGM-13A for Mobile Ground Launched Missile and CGM-13 for Coffin Ground Launched Missile) was a tactical cruise missile developed from the Martin TM-61 Matador later MGM-1 Matador. It was replaced by the MGM-31 Pershing missile by then Secretary of Defence Robert McNamara, and later in its role as a cruise missile for West Germany, by the BGM-109G Ground Launched Cruise Missile.[1]

History[edit | edit source]

Development began in 1954 as an improved version of the MGM-1 Matador. Like the Matador, the Mace was a tactical surface-launched missile designed to destroy ground targets. It was first designed TM-76 and later MGM-13.

Mace MGM-13A was launched from a translauncher (transporter erector launcher) and the MGM-13B was launched from an underground bunker. Both models used a solid rocket booster for initial acceleration and an Allison J33-A-41 turbojet for cruise flight. The Goodyear Aircraft Corporation developed ATRAN (Automatic Terrain Recognition And Navigation, a radar map-matching system) in which the return from a radar scanning antenna was matched with a series of "maps" carried on a 35mm film strip on board the missile. The ATRAN navigation section corrected the flight path if the missile deviated from the flight path as carried on the film map. In August 1952, Air Materiel Command initiated the mating of the Goodyear ATRAN with the MGM-1 Matador. This mating resulted in a production contract in June 1954. The ATRAN guidance system was difficult to jam and was not range-limited by line-of-sight as in the older Matador radar command and control system, but its range was restricted by the availability of radar maps. In time, it became possible to construct radar maps from topographic maps.

The Mace was first launched in 1956 and the missile could reach Mach 0.7 to 0.85 over a 540-mile range at low level (as low as 750 feet), and 1,285 miles at high altitude. Development of Mace "B" missiles began in 1954, with the "B" having a longer fuselage, shorter wings, and more weight than the MGM-1 Matador. The Mace "A" and Mace "B" were identical in all dimensions. In addition, the "B" included a jam-proof inertial guidance system (designated TM-76B), with range exceeding 1,300 miles. To enhance mobility, Martin designed the Mace's wings to fold for transport (the Matador's wings were transported separately and then bolted on for flight).

USAF deployed the Mace "A" in West Germany in 1959 at Sembach Air Base, where it briefly served alongside the MGM-1 Matador before the latter was phased out of service in 1962. A total of 6 active missile squadrons were eventually equipped with the Mace "A" at Sembach Air Base and Hahn Air Base under the (38th Tactical Missile Wing). In South Korea, the 58th Tactical Missile Group became combat-ready with 60 TM-61s in January 1959. It ceased operations in March 1962, a few months after the 498th Tactical Missile Group in December 1961 took up positions in semi-hardened sites on Okinawa.

Mace "B" missiles began were first deployed to Okinawa in 1961[2] and remained operational in Europe and the Pacific. The two squadrons of TM-76B/MGM- 13C continued on active duty in USAFE until December 1969. After being taken offline, some missiles were used as target drones because their size and performance resembled manned aircraft.

Variants[edit | edit source]

Locations[edit | edit source]

Mace A and B types have been deployed in Japan and former West-Germany

  • Japan, Okinawa island: 873d Tactical Missile Squadron kept 32 Mace missiles on constant alert in underground bunkers at 4 Okinawa launch sites assigned to Kadena Airbase and located at Bolo Point in Yomitan, Onna Point, White Beach and at Kin just north of Camp Hansen.
  • W-Germany, 38th Tac Msl Wing kept 90 missiles on alert at above and underground launcher sites assigned to Sembach Airbase (sites at Mehlingen, Enkenbach and Grönstadt); to Hahn Airbase (sites at Wüscheim, Kirchberg and Hundheim) and to Bitburg Airbase (sites at Steinborn, Idenheim and Rittersdorf)

Survivors[edit | edit source]

Mace at Warner Robins Museum of Aviation, Georgia

Mace at Belleview Park in Englewood, Colorado

Below is a list of locations which have a Mace missile in their collection or on display:

Specifications[edit | edit source]

General characteristics

  • Length: 44 ft 6 in;13.6 m ()
  • Diameter: 4 ft 6 in;1.4 m ()
  • Launch mass: 18,000 lb; launch mass alt=8,200 kg ()

Engine

  • First stage:Thiokol solid rocket booster;100,000 lbf,445 kN
    • Thrust: ()
  • Second stage: 1× Allison J33-A-41 turbojet; 5,200 lbf (23 kN)
    • Thrust: ()

Technical information

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 650 mph (570 kn, 1,000 km/h)
  • Operating altitude: 750 to 40,000 ft (230 to 12,000 m)
  • Range: 1,400 mi (1,200 nmi, 2,300 km)

Warhead

  • Warhead: W28 thermonuclear warhead

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • Mindling, George, and Bolton, Robert, 'U.S. Air Force Tactical Missiles 1949–1969 The Pioneers', 2008, Lulu Press

External links[edit | edit source]



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