MI19 operated an interrogation centre in Kensington Palace Gardens, London, commanded by Lt. Col. Alexander Scotland OBE, known as the "London Cage". It was a subject of persistent reports of torture by the prisoners confined there, which included war crimes suspects from the SS and Gestapo held in the facility after World War II.
The BBC reported that MI-19 staff were sent to the Channel Islands in 1945 to look for evidence of collaboration during the German occupation. The intent may have been to silence speculation. The Channel Islands were demilitarised by Britain when France fell, and were occupied by substantial German forces. The islands had no strategic value, unlike Malta, and any tactical value would have been outweighed by the effort to maintain forces there. The Channel Islands did contribute to the war effort, by tying up large numbers of German troops who were not available for more aggressive military tasks. There was also a very substantial investment in fortifications, all of which were in the end pointless.
References[edit | edit source]
- Foot, M.R.D; Langley, J.M (1979). MI9 : Escape and Evasion 1939-1945. London: Book Club Associates.
- Hoare, Oliver (2000). Camp 020: MI5 and the Nazi Spies - The Official History of MI5's Wartime Interrogation Centre. London: Public Record Office. ISBN 1-903365-08-2.
- Scotland, A.P. (1957). The London Cage. London: Evans Brothers Ltd.
- "Churchill sent MI-19 to find evidence of collaboration". BBC News. London: British Broadcasting. 20 December 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/jersey/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_8674000/8674493.stm. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
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- Cobain, Ian (12 November 2005). "The secrets of the London Cage". The Guardian. London: GMG. ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2005/nov/12/secondworldwar.world. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- Cobain, Ian (17 December 2005). "The interrogation camp that turned prisoners into living skeletons". The Guardian. London: GMG. ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2005/dec/17/secondworldwar.topstories3. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- Cobain, Ian (3 April 2006). "The postwar photographs that British authorities tried to keep hidden". The Guardian. London: GMG. ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2006/apr/03/uk.freedomofinformation. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "What happened to MI1 - MI4?". MI5 - The Security Service. 2012. https://www.mi5.gov.uk/home/about-us/faqs-about-mi5/what-happened-to-mi1---mi4.html. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
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