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MQR-16 Gunrunner
MQR-16A Gunrunner.jpg
Type Target drone
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1969-1980s
Used by United States Army, United States Navy
Production history
Manufacturer Atlantic Research
Weight 290 pounds (130 kg)
Length 16 feet (4.9 m)
Diameter 20 inches (510 mm)

Engine Booster, HVAR rocket; 5,800 lbf (26 kN)
Sustainer, 10KS300 rocket, 290 lbf (1.3 kN)
Propellant solid fuel
3 miles (4.8 km)
Boost time 10.86 sec
Speed 575 mph (925 km/h)
Triple launcher

The MQR-16A Gunrunner was an unguided rocket developed by Atlantic Research during the 1960s. Designed with low cost as a priority, the MQR-16A was intended to act as a target drone for use in the development of man-portable surface-to-air missiles, and as a training target for the missile operators. Proving successful, the rocket served in the United States military until the 1980s.

Design and development[edit | edit source]

Developed in the late 1960s, the Gunrunner was designed as an inexpensive aerial target, unguided and flying on a ballistic path, for use by the United States Army and United States Navy during the development and testing of the FIM-43 Redeye man-portable surface-to-air missile.[1]

The design and construction of the Gunrunner was kept as simple as possible, with the rocket's stabilizing fins using plywood in their construction, and the solid-fueled powerplant being that of the reliable and widely used High Velocity Aerial Rocket (HVAR).[2] The nose of the rocket was equipped with an infrared enhancer to allow for all-aspect target acquisition by the missile that was engaging the target.[2]

Operational history[edit | edit source]

Entering operational service in 1969, the Gunrunner was given the official designation of MQR-16A in 1971, and proved to be a success in service.[2] Used for training soldiers in the operation of both the Redeye and the MIM-72 Chaparral SAMs,[3] the missile was launched from a frame-type launcher that carried three missiles.[2] Remaining in service until the mid-1980s,[2] the Gunrunner was replaced in U.S. Army service by the MTR-15 BATS.[4]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Morison 1975, p. 218.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Parsch 2002
  3. Parsch 2009
  4. Goebel 2010

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

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