|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by||United States Army, United States Navy|
|Weight||290 pounds (130 kg)|
|Length||16 feet (4.9 m)|
|Diameter||20 inches (510 mm)|
|Engine||Booster, HVAR rocket; 5,800 lbf (26 kN)|
Sustainer, 10KS300 rocket, 290 lbf (1.3 kN)
|3 miles (4.8 km)|
|Boost time||10.86 sec|
|Speed||575 mph (925 km/h)|
The MQR-16A Gunrunner was an unguided rocket developed by Atlantic Research during the 1960s. Designed with low cost as a priority, the MQR-16A was intended to act as a target drone for use in the development of man-portable surface-to-air missiles, and as a training target for the missile operators. Proving successful, the rocket served in the United States military until the 1980s.
Design and development[edit | edit source]
Developed in the late 1960s, the Gunrunner was designed as an inexpensive aerial target, unguided and flying on a ballistic path, for use by the United States Army and United States Navy during the development and testing of the FIM-43 Redeye man-portable surface-to-air missile.
The design and construction of the Gunrunner was kept as simple as possible, with the rocket's stabilizing fins using plywood in their construction, and the solid-fueled powerplant being that of the reliable and widely used High Velocity Aerial Rocket (HVAR). The nose of the rocket was equipped with an infrared enhancer to allow for all-aspect target acquisition by the missile that was engaging the target.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
Entering operational service in 1969, the Gunrunner was given the official designation of MQR-16A in 1971, and proved to be a success in service. Used for training soldiers in the operation of both the Redeye and the MIM-72 Chaparral SAMs, the missile was launched from a frame-type launcher that carried three missiles. Remaining in service until the mid-1980s, the Gunrunner was replaced in U.S. Army service by the MTR-15 BATS.
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Morison 1975, p. 218.
- Parsch 2002
- Parsch 2009
- Goebel 2010
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Goebel, Greg (2010). "Modern US Target Drones". Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. vectorsite.net. http://www.vectorsite.net/twuav_02.html. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
- Morison, Samuel L. (1975). The Ships & Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-639-8.
- Parsch, Andreas (2002). "Atlantic Research MQR-16 Gunrunner". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles. designation-systems.net. http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/r-16.html. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
- Parsch, Andreas (2009). "Current Designations of U.S. Unmanned Military Aerospace Vehicles". designation-systems.net. http://www.designation-systems.net/usmilav/missiles.html. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
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