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MV Scantic
Career
Name: Dr Colijn (1936-40)
Empire Crocus (1940-47)
Stainton (1947-51)
Benwood (1951-55)
Monica (1955-57)
Mona (1957-63)
Scantic (1963-64)
Owner: M Oosterhuis (1936-40)
Ministry of War Transport (1940-47)
H P Marshall & Co Ltd (1947-51)
Mountwood Shipping Co Ltd (1951-55)
Rederi AB Henrik Selen (1955-57)
N O Olausson (1957-63)
J L Hansen (1963-64)
Operator: M Oosterhuis (1936-40)
T H Donking & Sons Ltd (1940-47)
H P Marshall & Co Ltd (1947-51)
Mountwood Shipping Co Ltd (1951-55)
Rederi AB Henrik Selen (1955-57)
N O Olausson (1957-63)
J L Hansen (1963-64)
Port of registry: Netherlands Delfzijl, Netherlands (1936-49)
United Kingdom London, United Kingdom (1940-47)
United Kingdom Middlesbrough (1947-51)
United Kingdom Liverpool (1951-55)
Finland Borgå, Finland (1955-57)
Sweden Sweden (1957-63)
Denmark Rønne, Denmark (1963-64)
Builder: Noord Nederland Scheepsmakkerij
Yard number: 152
Launched: 1936
Out of service: 1964
Identification: United Kingdom Official Number 167408 (1940-55)
Finnish Official Number 482 (1955-57)
Code Letters PDSD (1936-40)
ICS Papa.svgICS Delta.svgICS Sierra.svgICS Delta.svg
Code Letters MNDN
ICS Mike.svgICS November.svgICS Delta.svgICS November.svg (1940-55)
Code Letters OFVF (1955-57)
ICS Oscar.svgICS Foxtrot.svgICS Victor.svgICS Foxtrot.svg
Fate: Sank
General characteristics
Tonnage: 322 GRT (1936-40)
341 GRT (1940-55)
349 GRT (1955-57)
327 GRT (1957-63)
326 GRT (1963-64)
154 NRT (1936-40)
142 NRT (1940-55)
141 NRT (1955-57)
Length: 42.52 m (139 ft 6 in) overall
Beam: 6.99 m (22 ft 11 in)
Depth: 2.71 m (8 ft 11 in)
Propulsion: 6-cylinder MWM Diesel engine
Complement: 5 (Scantic)

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Scantic was a 326 GRT coaster that was built in 1936 by Noord Nederland Scheepsmakkerij, Groningen as Dr Colijn for a Dutch owner. In 1940, she was transferred to the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) and renamed Empire Crocus. In 1947, she was sold into merchant service and renamed Stainton. A further sale in 1951 saw her renamed Benwood. In 1955 she was sold to Finland and renamed Monica. A further sale to Sweden in 1957 saw her renamed Mona. In 1963, she was sold to Denmark and renamed Scantic, serving until 7 December 1964 when she foundered in St Georges Channel, United Kingdom.

Description[edit | edit source]

The ship was built in 1936 by Noord Nederland Scheepsmakkerij, Groningen, Netherlands,[1] As yard number 152.[2]

The ship was 42.52 metres (139 ft 6 in) long, with a beam of 6.99 metres (22 ft 11 in). She had a depth of 2.71 metres (8 ft 11 in).[3] As built, she was assessed at 332 GRT.[2] 154 NRT.[4]

The ship was propelled by a 222 nhp 4-stroke Single Cycle Single Action diesel engine, which had six cylinders of 10 1316 inches (27.5 cm) diameter by 13 34 inches (35 cm) stroke.[2][3][4] The engine drove a single screw propeller. It was built by MWM, Mannheim, Germany.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

Dr Colijn was built for M Oosterhuis, Delfzijl, Netherlands. The Code Letters PDSD were allocated.[4] In 1940, she was transferred to the MoWT and renamed Empire Crocus.[1] She was placed under the management of T H Donking & Sons Ltd.[5] The Official Number 167408 was allocated. Her port of registry was London and the Code Letters MNDN were allocated.[6] Empire Crocus was assessed at 341 GRT, 142 NRT.[5]

Empire Crocus was a member of Convoy OA 208, which departed from Methil, Fife on 2 September 1940 and dispersed at sea on 6 September.[7] In 1941, part of her cargo was advertised to be auctioned as prize.[8] Empire Crocus was a member of Convoy EBC 13, which departed Barry, Glamorgan on 16 June 1944 and arrived at the Seine Bay on 18 June.[9] She left the convoy at Falmouth, Cornwall. On 7 July, she repeated the voyage as a member of Convoy EBC 34.[10] Empire Crocus was a member of Convoy TS 63, which departed Takoradi, Gold Coast on 31 August 1944 and arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone on 5 September.[11]

In 1947, Empire Crocus was sold to H P Marshall & Co Ltd, Middlesbrough, Yorkshire and renamed Stainton. In 1951, she was sold to Mountwood Shipping Co Ltd, Liverpool and renamed Benwood.[1] On 8 January 1952, Benwood was in distress off Great Orme Head, Caernarvonshire. The Holyhead lifeboat was launched but her assistance was not required. Benwood was escorted into Liverpool, Lancashire by a pilot boat.[12] In 1955, she was sold to Rederei AB Henrik Selen, Borgå,[3] Finland and renamed Monica.[1] The Official Number 482 and Code Letters OFVF were allocated. Monica was assessed as 349 GRT, 141 NRT.[3] In 1957, she was sold to N O Olausson, Sweden and renamed Mona.[1] She was assessed as 327 GRT.[2]

In 1963, Mona was sold to J L Hansen,[1] Rønne,[13] Denmark and was renamed Scantic.[1] She was assessed as 326 GRT.[2] On 7 December 1964, Scantic sprang a leak in St George's Channel, United Kingdom in heavy weather. She was on a voyage from Preston, Lancashire, United Kingdom to Poole, Dorset with a cargo of lime. Water entered the engine department, and a mayday was sent at 16:30. The five crew took to the lifeboat at 17:30, but it capsized. They were all back in the lifeboat by 17:50, when Scantic capsized and sank at 51°10′N 7°15′W / 51.167°N 7.25°W / 51.167; -7.25. The crew were rescued the next day by Arthur Allbright.[13]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Mitchell, W.H.; Sawyer, L.A. (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Coaster Database" (in Dutch). Adriana Shipping. http://members.home.nl/adriana-shipping/Datebase.htm. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Ship Card #956". Finnish Mercantile Marine Database. http://kauppalaiva.nba.fi/card.php?id=956&lang=en. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS". Plimsoll Ship Data. http://www.plimsollshipdata.org/pdffile.php?name=37b0252.pdf. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS". Plimsoll Ship Data. http://www.plimsollshipdata.org/pdffile.php?name=40a1054.pdf. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  6. "SIGNAL LETTERS OF BRITISH SHIPS". Convoyweb. http://convoyweb.org.uk/signal/index.html?search_all.php~signalmain. Retrieved 30 April 2011.  (enter MNDN or Empire Crocus in relevant search box.)
  7. "Convoy OA.208". Convoyweb. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/oa/index.html?oa.php?convoy=208!~oamain. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  8. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 16 May 1941. 
  9. "Convoy EBC.13". Convoyweb. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/ebc/index.html?ebc.php?convoy=13!~ebcmain. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  10. "EMPIRE CROCUS (Br) 341 tons, built 1936". Convoyweb. http://convoyweb.org.uk/ports/index.html?search.php?vessel=EMPIRE%20CROCUS~armain. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  11. "Convoy TS.63". Convoyweb. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/misc/index.html?yy.php?convoy=TS.63!~miscmain. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  12. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 9 January 1951. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "DANSK SØULYKKE-STATISTIK 1964" (in Danish). Søfartens Bibliotek. http://www.sbib.dk/documents/Dansk_soeulykkestatistik/1964_001-086.pdf. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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