FANDOM

278,232 Pages

Ma Rulung
Nickname Marshal Ma
Place of birth Yunnan
Allegiance Flag of China (1889–1912) Qing dynasty
Years of service 1856–his death
Rank general
Battles/wars Panthay Rebellion

Ma Rulung (Ma Julung in Wade Giles) was a Chinese Muslim who originally rebelled against the Qing dynasty along with Du Wenxiu in the Panthay Rebellion. He later defected to the Qing side.[1] After officially surrendering in 1862 his forces effectively occupied the capital of Yunnan.[2] He then helped the Qing forces crush his fellow Muslim rebels, and defeated them.[3][4][5][6][7] He was known by the name of Marshal Ma to Europeans and achieved almost total control in Yunnan province.[8] He was the most powerful military official in the province after the war.[9]

General Ma Yu-kun, who fought against Japanese forces in the First Sino-Japanese War and against foreigners in the Boxer Rebellion was believed to be Ma Rulong's son by Europeans.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from A short history of China: being an account for the general reader of an ancient empire and people, by Demetrius Charles de Kavanagh Boulger, a publication from 1893 now in the public domain in the United States.
  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from The flowery kingdom and the land of the mikado: or, China, Japan, and Corea; containing their complete history down to the present time ..., by Henry Davenport Northrop, John Russell Young, a publication from 1894 now in the public domain in the United States.
  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from The flowery kingdom and the land of the Mikado or China, Japan and Corea: containing their complete history down to the present time : manners, customs, and peculiarities of the people ... : together with a graphic account of the war between China and Japan ..., by Henry Davenport Northrop, a publication from 1894 now in the public domain in the United States.
  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from The flowery kingdom and the land of the Mikado or China, Japan and Corea: containing their complete history down to the present time; manners, customs and peculiarities of the people; superstitions; idol worship; industries; natural scenery, etc., etc., together with a graphic account of the war ..., by Henry Davenport Northrop, a publication from 1894 now in the public domain in the United States.
  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from The living age ..., Volume 226, by Eliakim Littell, Robert S. Littell, Making of America Project, a publication from 1900 now in the public domain in the United States.
  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from Eclectic magazine: foreign literature, by John Holmes Agnew, Walter Hilliard Bidwell, a publication from 1900 now in the public domain in the United States.
  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from The history of China, Volume 2, by Demetrius Charles de Kavanagh Boulger, a publication from 1898 now in the public domain in the United States.
  1. Demetrius Charles De Kavanagh Boulger (1893). A Short History of China: Being an Account for the General Reader of an Ancient Empire and People. LONDON 13 WATERLOO PLACE SW: Allen. p. 319. http://books.google.com/books?id=wlg_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA319&dq=ma+julung&hl=en&ei=twU2TO2APIP88Aaf1cjiAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=ma%20julung&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. (Original from Harvard University)
  2. David G. Atwill (2005). The Chinese sultanate: Islam, ethnicity, and the Panthay Rebellion in southwest China, 1856–1873. Stanford University Press. p. 124. ISBN 0-8047-5159-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=Da2M_viEclEC&pg=PA124&dq=ma+lin+muslim&hl=en&ei=NX2qTLHbJoH98AahxJGCDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFAQ6AEwCDgK#v=onepage&q=ma%20lin%20muslim&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  3. Henry Davenport Northrop, John Russell Young (1894). The flowery kingdom and the land of the mikado: or, China, Japan, and Corea; containing their complete history down to the present time .... CHICAGO: C. W. Stanton company. p. 130. http://books.google.com/books?id=2tNNAAAAMAAJ&dq=ma+julung&q=ma+julung#v=onepage&q=ma%20julung%20viceroy%20despot%20talifoo&f=false. Retrieved 2011-07-20. (Original from the University of Michigan)
  4. Henry Davenport Northrop (1894). Contributor John Russell Young. ed. The flowery kingdom and the land of the Mikado or China, Japan and Corea: containing their complete history down to the present time : manners, customs, and peculiarities of the people ... : together with a graphic account of the war between China and Japan .... PHILADELPHIA & CHICAGO: International Pub.. p. 130. http://books.google.com/books?id=BIMwAQAAIAAJ&dq=ma+julung&q=ma+julung#v=snippet&q=ma%20julung%20viceroy%20despot%20talifoo&f=false. Retrieved 2011-07-20. 
  5. Henry Davenport Northrop (1894). The flowery kingdom and the land of the Mikado or China, Japan and Corea: containing their complete history down to the present time; manners, customs and peculiarities of the people; superstitions; idol worship; industries; natural scenery, etc., etc., together with a graphic account of the war between china and Japan, its causes, land and naval battles, etc., etc. J.H.Moore Co.. p. 130. http://books.google.com/books?id=-xIoAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA130&dq=ma+julung&hl=en&ei=twU2TO2APIP88Aaf1cjiAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=ma%20julung&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. (Original from Harvard University)[1][2]
  6. 6.0 6.1 Eliakim Littell, Robert S. Littell, Making of America Project (1900). The living age ..., Volume 226. BOSTON: The Living Age Co. Inc.. p. 757. http://books.google.com/books?id=uEoTAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA757&dq=ma+julung+tung+fu&hl=en&ei=mYQ2TIvFA8L38AbD1vmlAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=ma%20julung%20tung%20fu&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. (Original from the University of Michigan)
  7. John Holmes Agnew, Walter Hilliard Bidwell (1900). The Eclectic magazine: foreign literature. Leavitt, Throw and Co.. p. 620. http://books.google.com/books?id=TmnfUKQTym8C&pg=PA620&dq=ma+julung+tung+fu&hl=en&ei=mYQ2TIvFA8L38AbD1vmlAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=ma%20julung%20tung%20fu&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. (Original from the University of Michigan)
  8. Demetrius Charles de Kavanagh Boulger (1898). The history of China, Volume 2. LONDON: W. Thacker & co.. p. 443. http://books.google.com/books?id=Tw8MAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA443&dq=like+ma+julung+panthay&hl=en&ei=sIU2TIv9HYP58AbD4a3YAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. (Original from Harvard University)
  9. Garnaut, Anthony. "From Yunnan to Xinjiang:Governor Yang Zengxin and his Dungan Generals". Pacific and Asian History, Australian National University. http://www.ouigour.fr/recherches_et_analyses/Garnautpage_93.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.