Marie Alphonse Bedeau (born August 19, 1804, Vertou (Lower Loire) – October 29, 1863, Nantes) was a French general, and minister.
He studied at the military school of Saint-Cyr, from the age of 16, October 29, 1820 until 1 October 1822, as lieutenant-student, school of enforcement staff. He served in the 8th Cuirassiers, and the Lancers of the Royal Guard. On 1 October 1828, he was promoted to lieutenant adjutant of the 2nd regiment of mounted artillery, and captain in the 5th light July 12, 1831.
He was seconded to General Ferrier, where he became the adjutant. Attached to Gerard and Schramm, he was under their command, during the Belgian campaign of 1831 and 1832. During the Belgian campaign, he received the Croix de Guerre January 16, 1833.
With the reorganization of the army, in 1836, he was appointed battalion commander of the Foreign Legion, training in Pau. Lieutenant-Colonel of the 17th Light, November 11, 1837, he fought in Algeria during several expeditions. He was at Setif, 16 and October 17, 1838 and May 1839.
He was promoted to December 4, 1839 to the rank of colonel in the 17th light. He was wounded twice at Cherchell. On May 2, 1840, the famous passage cervical Mouzaïa, he is responsible for repelling the attacks of the enemy in the rear of the army and resisted the troops of Abd-el-Kader in the marabout Sidi Moussa. He noted also in the supplies of Miliana. The following year, May 27, 1841, the Colonel was appointed brigadier and made available to the Governor General of Algeria, which supported operating on the border of Morocco.
In 1844 he took part in the Battle of Isly, following which he was appointed lieutenant general and commander in chief of the province of Constantine, Algeria. He made two campaigns in spring and autumn of 1845, and stands in 1847 in the expedition against the Kabyle of Bougie. On 10 July he was appointed Acting Governor-General and replaced by the Duke of Aumale.
He was in Paris in February 1848. On the 24th, at the head of the troops, he patrolled the streets of Paris, trying to restore order. The first regiments who marched along the boulevards, the butt in the air in front of the popular uprising, are guided by it. He commanded the Orleans chauseurs at the time of the attack on the station at Gabrielle. After his conduct on this occasion, he was being proposed as minister of war of the new regime. He declined the offer, but accepted the position of military governor of Paris and the term representing the Lower Loire to the Constituent Assembly, he became vice president. He was appointed representative of the Seine to the Legislature.
Wounded in fighting the insurgency in June, he is a member of the right in the Legislature. Hostile to the coup of December 2, 1851, he was arrested the night of December 2 by Marshal St. Arnaud and imprisoned at Ham. He retired August 5, 1852, to Belgium where he lived until the amnesty of 1859.
He was a Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor. In 1883 the village Bedeau is named in his honor. It is located near Saida in the department of Oran, Algeria.
- « Marie-Alphonse Bedeau », dans Charles Mullié, Biographie des célébrités militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 à 1850, 1852
- Division histoire et patrimoine de la Légion étrangère[p
Camille Alphonse Trézel
|French minister of War
24 February 1848 – 25 February 1848
Jacques Gervais, baron Subervie
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