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Massoud Abdelhafid
Allegiance Flag of Libya (1977–2011).svg Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Service/branch Libyan Army
Rank General officer
Battles/wars Chadian-Libyan conflict
2011 Libyan civil war

Massoud Abdelhafid was a prominent Libyan General in the regime of Muammar Gaddafi. He has held various positions of government since the 1969 coup d'etat of Muammar Gaddafi including Commander of Military Security,[1] Governor of Southern Libya[2][3] and Head of Security in Major Cities.[4] He is a key figure in Libya's relations with neighbouring Chad and Sudan.[5] Massoud Abdelhafid was a senior commander in the Libyan Army during the Chadian-Libyan conflict.[6] Known for his leadership of Libyan-backed insurrections and wars in Chad, he has been referred to as "Mr Chad".[7]

2011 Libyan civil warEdit

The United Nations Security Council drafted a resolution naming 23 senior Libyan officials in the regime of Muammar Gaddafi to be sanctioned. The resolution, which included travel bans and asset freezes, named Massoud Abdelhafid.[8]

Subsequent to the defection of Abdul Fatah Younis, Muammar Gaddafi designated Abdelhafid to the position of interior minister.[9] General Massoud Abdelhafid led the pro-Gaddafi forces in the city of Sabha during the Battle of Sabha and the Fezzan campaign.[10]

Abdelhafid was reported to have fled to Egypt alongside Interior Minister Nassr al-Mabrouk Abdullah.[11]


  1. Black, CR: Deterring Libya, the Strategic Culture of Muammar Qaddafi, Page 11, The Counter Proliferation Papers, Air University, 2000.
  2., The Telegraph, 2011
  3., The National Council of Tibesti, The Right of Peoples to Self-Determination, 2004.
  4., Libya: Changes Among the Colonels, 1992.
  5. Africa Energy Intelligence: Libya-Chad, Tidjani Thiam, Indigo Publications, 2001.
  6. Correau L: 1977-1979 La Conquete du Nord, Habre a N'Djamena, RFI, 2008, translated link:
  8.,7340,L-4034224,00.html, UN draft sanctions names 23 Libyan officials February 2011
  9., Ansamed, March 2011
  10., The Telegraph, All eyes on the desert as the hunt for Gaddafi continues, 2011

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