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Mastan Aslan oglu Aliyev
File:Mastan Aliyev Portrait.jpg
Native name Məstan Aslan oğlu Əliyev
Born 1918
Died 23 April 1945(1945-04-23) (aged Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{".)
Place of birth Əsrik Cırdaxan, Yelizavetpol Governorate
Place of death Tegel, Germany
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army
Years of service 1939–1945
Rank Starshina
Unit 143rd Rifle Division
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards

Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin
Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 3rd class
Order of Glory 3rd class

Medal for Battle Merit

Mastan Aslan oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani language: Məstan Aslan oğlu Əliyev; 1918–23 April 1945) was an Azerbaijani Red Army Starshina and a posthumous Hero of the Soviet Union. Aliyev was posthumously awarded the title for reportedly killing dozens of German soldiers during the Berlin Offensive. He was killed in action during the battle for Tegel.[1]

Early life[edit | edit source]

Aliyev was born in 1918 in Əsrik Cırdaxan to a peasant family. He received secondary education and became a junior high school teacher. In 1939, Aliyev was drafted into the Red Army.[1][2]

World War II[edit | edit source]

Aliyev fought in combat from June 1941. He fought in actions around Kalinin in October, part of the Battle of Moscow. On 2 October he reportedly killed about 30 German soldiers. At Rzhev Aliyev was seriously wounded. In early 1942, he returned to the front. During the battles at Yelnya Aliyev reportedly killed 27 German soldiers but was soon wounded. He returned to the front in 1944 and became a starshina and assistant rifle platoon commander in the 487th Rifle Regiment, part of the 143rd Rifle Division. Aliyev became a Communist Party of the Soviet Union member in the same year.[1][2] On 9 December he was awarded the Medal for Battle Merit for his actions.[3] On 17 January 1945 Aliyev was awarded the Order of Glory 3rd class for his actions.[4]

In April 1945, Aliyev fought in the Berlin Offensive. On 16 April, after an artillery barrage, he was reportedly the first to attack and killed 24 German soldiers. Aliyev reportedly captured 72 German soldiers along with his platoon. On 23 April, he fought in the capture of Tegel. A large group of German soldiers was positioned in buildings on the outskirts of the city and Aliyev and other soldiers were ordered to dislodge the German troops. Under a heavy fire, Aliyev broke into the first house and reportedly killed several dozen German soldiers. He was killed in the battle for the last house. Aliyev was buried on the northern outskirts of the village of Altrebbin, 8 kilometers southeast of Wriezen. He received the Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 3rd class on 13 May for his actions.[5] On 31 May, Aliyev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin.[1][2][6]

Legacy[edit | edit source]

A bust of Aliyev was created in Əsrik Cırdaxan, and a school in the village was named for him.[1][2]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Hero of the Soviet Union medal.png  Mastan Aliyev at the "Герои страны" ("Heroes of the Country") website (Russian)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Shkadov, Ivan, ed (1987) (in Russian). Герои Советского Союза: Краткий биографический словарь. 1 Abaev-Lubitsch. Moscow: Voenizdat. pp. 46. http://www.az-libr.ru/index.htm?Persons&0B8/14c263cf/Source. 
  3. Order No. 55 487th Rifle Regiment, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  4. Order No. 4 143rd Rifle Division, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  5. Order No. 571 1st Belorussian Front, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  6. Hero of the Soviet Union citation, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru

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