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Matsumae Castle
Matsumae, Hokkaido, Japan
Matsumae Castle
Type Hirajiro (flatland castle)
Coordinates Latitude:
Built 1606
Built by Matsumae clan
Earth, stone, and wood
Height Three stories
In use 1596 to Meiji Restoration
Demolished 1949
The gate to the inner citadel and remains of stone walls and embankments remain.

Matsumae Castle (松前城 Matsumae-jō?) is a castle located in Matsumae in Hokkaido, Japan, and is the northernmost castle in Japan.[1] It was the home of the Matsumae Han of the Matsumae clan. It is perhaps the only traditional style Edo period castle in Hokkaidō.

History[edit | edit source]

Built in 1606 by Matsumae Yoshihiro, it burned down in 1637 but was rebuilt in 1639. Later, modern defences were built on the site in 1850. The donjon of Matsumae Castle was 30 metres (98 ft) high. In 1875, the administrative building, three turrets, and an artillery position were torn down, before the remaining donjon and main gate burned down in 1949; it is now all a park.

It once controlled all passengers through Hokkaidō to the rest of Japan.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "松前城" (in Japanese). Dijitaru Daijisen [Matsumae Castle]. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. http://rekishi.jkn21.com/. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 

See also[edit | edit source]

Literature[edit | edit source]

  • Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co.. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4. 
  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. pp. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1. 

Coordinates: 41°25′47″N 140°06′30″E / 41.429833°N 140.108389°E / 41.429833; 140.108389

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