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Matthew Arther
Born 1835
Place of birth Scotland
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Rank Signal Quartermaster
Unit USS Carondelet
Battles/wars American Civil War
 • Battle of Fort Henry
 • Battle of Fort Donelson
Awards Medal of Honor

Matthew Arther (born 1835, date of death unknown) was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions at the Battles of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson.


Born in 1835 in Scotland, Arther immigrated to the United States and was living in Boston when he joined the U.S. Navy. He served during the Civil War as a signal quartermaster on the USS Carondelet. During the Battles of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in February 1862, he performed his duties as signal quartermaster and captain of the ship's bow gun "faithfully, effectively and valiantly". For these actions, he was awarded the Medal of Honor the next year, on July 10, 1863.[1][2]

Arther's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

Served on board the U.S.S. Carondelet at the reduction of Forts Henry and Donelson, 6 and 14 February 1862 and other actions. Carrying out his duties as signal quartermaster and captain of the rifled bow gun, S/Q.M. Arther was conspicuous for valor and devotion, serving most faithfully, effectively and valiantly.[2]

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