|Born||April 20, 1914|
|Died||17 April 1995 (aged 80)|
|Place of birth||Kittlitz, Germany|
|Place of death||Munich, Germany|
|Buried at||Munich Northern Cemetery|
|Years of service||1933–1945|
1st Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH)|
12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend
|Commands held||12th SS Panzer Regiment|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak leaves|
Iron Cross 1st Class
Iron Cross 2nd Class
Infantry Assault Badge in Silber
German Cross in Gold
Early life[edit | edit source]
Max Wünsche was born on 20 April 1914 in Kittlitz. He went to school in Bautzen and later attended Mercantile school. He had an interest in agriculture, joining the agricultural union in 1928 and was for a short time employed as an estate manager.
In November 1932 Wünsche joined the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth), and in July 1933 he joined the SS where he attended the NCO training course at Jüterbog. Wünsche was selected to be an officer and attended SS-Junkerschule at Bad Tölz. He graduated in 1936 and was promoted to Untersturmführer (second lieutenant) in April. Wünsche was then posted to the Leibstandarte as a platoon leader in the 9th Company.
In October 1938, he was assigned to the Begleitkommando des Führers (a bodyguard unit of SS soldiers protecting the life of Adolf Hitler), as an Orderly Officer.
World War II[edit | edit source]
The LSSAH was attached to Army Group South, for Operation Barbarossa and Wünsche would carry out reconnaissance flights in a Fieseler Storch flying over the Russian positions. One flight on the 31 July, contributed to the capture of Novoarkhangelsk, which closed the Uman pocket, trapping the encircled Russian Divisions.
Sturmgeschütz Battalion[edit | edit source]
In February 1942 Wünsche was given the command of the LSSAH Sturmgeschütz (Assault Gun) Battalion, and was involved in stopping numerous Soviet Army attempts to break through the German lines.
In March his battalion was the Corps reserve at the Mius bridgehead and again prevented a Russian breakthrough. On 1 June Wünsche returned to Germany to study at the Staff College, where he successfully completed the General Staff training course and was promoted to Sturmbannführer (major).
In September 1942 he returned to the LSSAH and resumed command of the Sturmgeschütz Battalion until October when he was given command of the I/Battalion, SS Panzer Regiment 1 LSSAH which at the time was in the process of forming.
Kharkov[edit | edit source]
His new battalion's first action was at Kharkov, fighting in blizzard conditions, with temperatures below freezing, they fought a number of battles which ended on 9 February, when they halted the Red Army advance and held the town of Merefa, at the same time inflicting heavy losses on the Russians.
On 10 February they went on the attack in an attempt to relieve the encircled 1st SS Reconnaissance Battalion LSSAH still commanded by his old commander, Kurt Meyer. On 13 February Wünsche and his battalion succeeded in breaking through the lines to Meyer's beleaguered troops, saving them from destruction. Together the two battalions formed a Kampfgruppe (battle group) and continued the attack, defeating the Russian VI Guards Cavalry Corps by 15 February, the same day that Kharkov was abandoned by the Russians. For these actions Wünsche was awarded the German Cross in Gold.
On 25 February Wünsche's Kampfgruppe located an enemy force approaching the Division's southern flank. Acting on his own, Wünsche carried out an attack encircling the Soviets at Jeremejwka, destroying 52 heavy guns and causing over 900 casualties for the Russians. For this action he was awarded the Knight's Cross on the 28 February 1943.
Hitlerjugend Division[edit | edit source]
In June 1943, Sturmbannführer Wünsche was ordered to transfer to a new division forming in France, which later became the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend (12th SS Panzer Division Hitler Youth), and take command of the 12th SS Panzer Regiment.
On 6 June 1944, the Allies landed in Normandy (Operation Overlord) on D Day and the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend was committed to action on 7 June. In the following battles Wünsche's Regiment was credited with the destruction of 219 tanks up to the beginning of July, which gained Wünsche the award of the Oakleaves to his Knight's Cross.
The 12th SS Panzer was later trapped in what became known as the Falaise pocket, on the night of 20 August, Wünsche, his adjutant SS-Hauptsturmführer Isecke, SS-Untersturmführer Fritz Freitag and a wounded medical officer, escaped out of the pocket on foot. During the escape Wünsche was wounded in the calf and the doctor was captured. On 24 August, Isecke was captured, followed a short time later by the capture of Wünsche and Freitag.
Post war[edit | edit source]
He was released in 1948 and returned to Germany. He married, Ingeborg, had five sons and became a manager of an industrial plant in Wuppertal, until his retirement in 1980. He died a few days short of his 81st birthday, on 17 April 1995.
References[edit | edit source]
- Gordon, Barry (18 December 2007). "scotsman". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. http://news.scotsman.com/worldwarii/Scotland39s-Nazi-secret.3598433.jp.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Thomas M. Durante (2007), The German Close Combat Clasp of World War II, ISBN 978-90-812301-1-7
- Manfred Dörr, Die Träger der Nahkampfspange in Gold, Heer-Luftwaffe-Waffen-SS 1943 - 1945, ISBN 3-7648-2585-5
- Walther-Peer Fellgiebel, The makers of the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross, 1939–1945, ISBN 3-7909-0284-5