Otto Ferdinand Maximilian Leopold Freiherr von der Goltz (born April 19, 1838 in Königsberg, Prussia, Germany; died December 20, 1906 in Potsdam, Germany) was an Admiral of the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).
Now a captain (Kapitän zur See), he made several trips as commander of the corvette ‘SMS Augusta’ to South America (Brazil) and West Indies. Between 1877 and 1882 he was senior director of the shipyard in Kiel and reorganized the yard. He was then chief of the Mediterranean Squadron during the conflict in Egypt and in 1883 briefly became commander of the German East Asia Squadron (Ostasiengeschwader) before being appointed Rear Admiral and chief of the German Imperial Admiralty. Five years later he was made Vice Admiral and appointed commander (Marinetstationschef) of the North Sea Naval Station (Marinestation der Nordsee) at Wilhelmshaven. In 1889 he became commanding admiral of the Oberkommando der Marine (Naval High Command) and in 1892 Goltz finally became a full Admiral.
On 13 May 1895 Max Freiherr von der Goltz resigned his position for health reasons. He died on 20 December 1906 in Potsdam.
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