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Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"
Defense of the caucasus OBVERSE.jpg
Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" (obverse)
Awarded by  USSR
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility Citizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded for Participation in the defence of the Caucasus
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established May 1, 1944
Total awarded 870,000
Defcaucasus rib.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

Reverse of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

File:Yegorova.jpg

Combat pilot Hero of the Soviet Union Senior Lieutenant Anna Yegorova, a recipient of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

Hero of the Soviet Union Captain 3rd grade Michael Petrovich Tsiselsky, a recipient of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" (Russian: Медаль «За оборону Кавказа») was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union.

Medal History[edit | edit source]

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was established on May 1, 1944 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.[1] Its statute was modified by multiple resolutions of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, on May 16, 1944,[2] June 2, 1944,[3] June 5, 1944,[4] March 10, 1945,[5] March 15, 1945,[6] and lastly by decree № 2523-X of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980.[7]

Medal Statute[edit | edit source]

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was awarded to all participants in the defence of the Caucasus - soldiers of the Red Army, sailors of the Navy, troops of the NKVD, as well as persons from the civilian population who took part in the defence of the Caucasus during the battle for the Caucasus.[1] Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the defence of the Caucasus issued by the unit commander, the chief of the military medical establishment or by a relevant provincial or municipal authority of the Stavropol or of the Krasnodar Soviets of People's Deputies, of the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR, of the Azerbaijan SSR, of the North Ossetian ASSR or of the Kabardin ASSR. Serving military personnel received the medal from their unit commander, retirees from military service received the medal from a regional, municipal or district military commissioner in the recipient's community, members of the civilian population, participants in the defence of the Caucasus received their medal from regional or city Councils of People's Deputies of the Stavropol and Krasnodar territories Soviets of Workers' Deputies, from the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR, of the Azerbaijan SSR, of the North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic or from the Kabardin ASSR.[4] For the defenders who died in battle or prior to the establishment of the medal, it was awarded posthumously to the family.[1] The statute of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was amended to include members of the civilian population of the Dagestan ASSR,[2] of the Grozny Region,[3] of the Armenian SSR[5] and of the Rostov region[6] as eligible recipients for their participation in the defence of the Caucasus.

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located immediately after the Medal "For the Defence of Kiev".[7] If worn in the presence or Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence.[8]

Medal Description[edit | edit source]

The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim. On the obverse in the center, the relief image of Mount Elbrus, at its foot, oil derricks and a group of three tanks moving to the left; over the mountains, three aircraft flying towards the left. A 3mm wide band covered with relief images of clusters of grapes and flowers went around the entire circumference of the medal, at the very top, a relief five pointed star, at the bottom, a scroll with the relief inscription "SSSR" (Russian: «СССР») bisected by the image of the hammer and sickle. On the reverse near the top, the relief image of the hammer and sickle, below the image, the relief inscription in three rows "FOR OUR SOVIET MOTHERLAND" (Russian: «ЗА НАШУ СОВЕТСКУЮ РОДИНУ»).[1] The Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide olive green silk moiré ribbon with 2.5mm wide blue edge stripes, in the middle, two 2mm wide white stripes bordered by 1mm blue and red stripes separated by a 2mm olive stripe.[1]

Recipients (partial list)[edit | edit source]

The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus".[9]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 1, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-05-01. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/ussr_4489.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 16, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-05-16. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/ussr_4489.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of June 2, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-06-02. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/ussr_4489.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of June 5, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1944-06-05. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/ussr_4489.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 10, 1945" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1945-03-10. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/ussr_4489.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 15, 1945" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1945-03-15. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/ussr_4489.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/usr_10402.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  8. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. http://www.rg.ru/2010/09/15/nagrady-dok.html. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  9. "List of recipients of the Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" compiled from en.Wikipedia". Wikipedia. 

External links[edit | edit source]


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