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Mikhail Athanas'evich Matyushkin (Russian: Михаил Афанасьевич Матюшкин; 1676-1737) was a general of the Russian Empire during the reign of Peter the Great. He is noted amongst others for his participation in the Russo-Persian War of 1722-1723, during which, in 1723, he captured the Persian city of Baku after a siege of four days. He was also in charge of the overal conquest of Gilan province in the same year.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Matyushkin was born in 1676, a member of the Matyushkin noble family. He was the son of the nobleman Athanasius Ivanovich Matyushkin (d. 1676), he himself being a great-nephew of Tsarina Eudoxia Streshneva (1608-1645). had been an officer of the Preobrezhenskii Regiment of the Russian tsar's life-guards since 1691. In 1697, Mikhail was sent to Italy to study marine affairs, but on returning home he decisively joined the Army.

During the Great Northern War, with the rank of Major and in command of a battalion of the Preobrazhenskii Regiment, he participated in the Battle of Poltava (1709) and in the Pruth campaign (1711).

He participated in the Russo-Persian War of 1722-1723, which had been initiated by his relative Peter I, from the very start. Mikhail was ordered to capture Baku with a flotilla. On 20 June/1 July 1723 the Russian force sailed from Astrakhan and arrived off Baku seventeen days later.[1] After a siege of four days, using heavy artillery bombardments, Matyushkin successfully captured Baku,[2] just a few months after the successful Russian capture of Rasht.

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