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{{For|other people with the name of Mikolaj Radziwiłł|Mikołaj Radziwiłł (disambiguation)}}
 
{{For|other people with the name of Mikolaj Radziwiłł|Mikołaj Radziwiłł (disambiguation)}}
{{Unreferenced|date=December 2009}}
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{{Unreferenced}}
 
 
{{Infobox nobility
 
{{Infobox nobility
 
| name = Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł
 
| name = Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł
| title = [[Count palatine|Count Palatine]] of [[Vilnius]] <br> [[Grand Chancellor of Lithuania]] <br> [[Grand Lithuanian Hetman]]
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| title = [[Count palatine|Count Palatine]] of Vilnius <br> [[Grand Chancellor of Lithuania]] <br> [[Grand Lithuanian Hetman]]
 
| image = Mikałaj Radzivił Rudy. Мікалай Радзівіл Руды.jpg
 
| image = Mikałaj Radzivił Rudy. Мікалай Радзівіл Руды.jpg
 
| caption =
 
| caption =
 
| birth_name =
 
| birth_name =
 
| birth_date = 1512
 
| birth_date = 1512
| birth_place = [[Nesvizh]] (present-day [[Belarus]])
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| birth_place = [[Nesvizh]] (present-day Belarus)
 
| death_date = 27 April {{death year and age|1584|1512}}
 
| death_date = 27 April {{death year and age|1584|1512}}
 
| death_place =
 
| death_place =
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| predecessor =
 
| predecessor =
 
| successor =
 
| successor =
| religion = [[Calvinist]]
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| religion = Calvinist
 
| spouse = [[Katarzyna Tomicka z Iwna|Katarzyna Tomicka-Iwińska]]
 
| spouse = [[Katarzyna Tomicka z Iwna|Katarzyna Tomicka-Iwińska]]
 
| partner =
 
| partner =
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}}
 
}}
 
[[File:POL COA Radziwiłł.svg|180px|thumb|left|The [[Trąby Coat of Arms]] was situated in the center of a Black Eagle in a golden Shield.]]
 
[[File:POL COA Radziwiłł.svg|180px|thumb|left|The [[Trąby Coat of Arms]] was situated in the center of a Black Eagle in a golden Shield.]]
'''Mikołaj Radziwiłł''', nicknamed ''The Red'' ([[Polish language|Polish]] ''Rudy'', [[Lithuanian language|Lithuanian]]: ''Radvila Rudasis''), also known as ''Mikołaj Radziwiłł the Sixth'' (1512 – 27 April 1584), was a [[Szlachta|Polish-Lithuanian]] nobleman, [[Count palatine|Count Palatine]] of [[Vilnius]], [[Grand Chancellor of Lithuania]], and [[Grand Lithuanian Hetman]] (from 1576) in the [[Grand Duchy of Lithuania]] and later in [[Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth]]. Together with his [[cousin]] [[Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł]] and the [[Radziwiłł]] family were granted title and position as [[Reichsfürst]] Prince of the [[Holy Roman Empire]].
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'''Mikołaj Radziwiłł''', nicknamed ''The Red'' (Polish ''Rudy'', Lithuanian: ''Radvila Rudasis''), also known as ''Mikołaj Radziwiłł the Sixth'' (1512 – 27 April 1584), was a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman, [[Count palatine|Count Palatine]] of Vilnius, [[Grand Chancellor of Lithuania]], and [[Grand Lithuanian Hetman]] (from 1576) in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Together with his [[cousin]] [[Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł]] and the [[Radziwiłł]] family were granted title and position as [[Reichsfürst]] Prince of the [[Holy Roman Empire]].
   
Mikołaj Radziwiłł spent many years as a military commander. While not the most famous of Commonwealth hetmans, under king [[Stefan Batory]] he was fairly successful in defending the eastern borders of the Commonwealth against the [[Muscovy]].
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Mikołaj Radziwiłł spent many years as a military commander. While not the most famous of Commonwealth hetmans, under king [[Stefan Batory]] he was fairly successful in defending the eastern borders of the Commonwealth against the Muscovy.
   
 
His political career was marked by his alliance with his cousin [[Mikołaj "Czarny" Radziwiłł|Mikołaj 'Black' Radziwiłł]], with whom he opposed the other notable Lithuanian families in the rivalry for the dominant status in the Great Duchy. This alliance marked the formation of a dynastic-like cooperation between Radziwiłłs and showed how family interests could affect magnates relations with the Commonwealth.
 
His political career was marked by his alliance with his cousin [[Mikołaj "Czarny" Radziwiłł|Mikołaj 'Black' Radziwiłł]], with whom he opposed the other notable Lithuanian families in the rivalry for the dominant status in the Great Duchy. This alliance marked the formation of a dynastic-like cooperation between Radziwiłłs and showed how family interests could affect magnates relations with the Commonwealth.
   
Mikołaj Radziwiłł became an advocate of [[Lithuania]]n sovereignty and thus a vocal opponent of political union with [[Poland]], ([[Union of Lublin]], 1569). Unlike the other magnates he refused to sign the Act, as harmful to the interests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
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Mikołaj Radziwiłł became an advocate of Lithuanian sovereignty and thus a vocal opponent of political union with Poland, ([[Union of Lublin]], 1569). Unlike the other magnates he refused to sign the Act, as harmful to the interests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
   
 
He was one of the most prominent converts and advocates of the [[Protestant]] faith in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and his line of the family became devoted members and defenders of the [[Lithuanian Evangelical Reformed Church]] until its extinction.
 
He was one of the most prominent converts and advocates of the [[Protestant]] faith in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and his line of the family became devoted members and defenders of the [[Lithuanian Evangelical Reformed Church]] until its extinction.
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In the Holy Roman Empire, the [[Trąby Coat of Arms]] was situated in the center of a Black Eagle in a golden Shield.
 
In the Holy Roman Empire, the [[Trąby Coat of Arms]] was situated in the center of a Black Eagle in a golden Shield.
   
== External links ==
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==External links==
 
*[http://www.wilanow-palac.pl/mikolaj_radziwill_1512_1584_rudy.html Wojciech Kalwat: Mikołaj Radziwiłł (1512-1584) - "Rudy"]
 
*[http://www.wilanow-palac.pl/mikolaj_radziwill_1512_1584_rudy.html Wojciech Kalwat: Mikołaj Radziwiłł (1512-1584) - "Rudy"]
   
[[File:Radvilos Reburial Ceremony 1.jpg|thumb|left|Reburial ceremony of Radziwiłł the Red, among others, in [[Dubingiai]], [[Lithuania]]]]
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[[File:Radvilos Reburial Ceremony 1.jpg|thumb|left|Reburial ceremony of Radziwiłł the Red, among others, in [[Dubingiai]], Lithuania]]
{{Grand Chancellors of Lithuania}}
 
   
 
{{Great Hetmans of Lithuania}}
 
{{Great Hetmans of Lithuania}}
   
  +
{{Wikipedia|Mikołaj &#34;the Red&#34; Radziwiłł}}
{{Authority control}}
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Radziwill, Mikolaj The Red}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Radziwill, Mikolaj The Red}}
 
[[Category:1512 births]]
 
[[Category:1512 births]]

Revision as of 23:51, 18 May 2018

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Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł
Count Palatine of Vilnius
Grand Chancellor of Lithuania
Grand Lithuanian Hetman
Personal details
Born 1512
Nesvizh (present-day Belarus)
Died 27 April 1584 (aged 71–72)
Spouse(s) Katarzyna Tomicka-Iwińska
Religion Calvinist

The Trąby Coat of Arms was situated in the center of a Black Eagle in a golden Shield.

Mikołaj Radziwiłł, nicknamed The Red (Polish Rudy, Lithuanian: Radvila Rudasis), also known as Mikołaj Radziwiłł the Sixth (1512 – 27 April 1584), was a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman, Count Palatine of Vilnius, Grand Chancellor of Lithuania, and Grand Lithuanian Hetman (from 1576) in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Together with his cousin Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł and the Radziwiłł family were granted title and position as Reichsfürst Prince of the Holy Roman Empire.

Mikołaj Radziwiłł spent many years as a military commander. While not the most famous of Commonwealth hetmans, under king Stefan Batory he was fairly successful in defending the eastern borders of the Commonwealth against the Muscovy.

His political career was marked by his alliance with his cousin Mikołaj 'Black' Radziwiłł, with whom he opposed the other notable Lithuanian families in the rivalry for the dominant status in the Great Duchy. This alliance marked the formation of a dynastic-like cooperation between Radziwiłłs and showed how family interests could affect magnates relations with the Commonwealth.

Mikołaj Radziwiłł became an advocate of Lithuanian sovereignty and thus a vocal opponent of political union with Poland, (Union of Lublin, 1569). Unlike the other magnates he refused to sign the Act, as harmful to the interests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

He was one of the most prominent converts and advocates of the Protestant faith in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and his line of the family became devoted members and defenders of the Lithuanian Evangelical Reformed Church until its extinction.

In the Holy Roman Empire, the Trąby Coat of Arms was situated in the center of a Black Eagle in a golden Shield.

External links

Reburial ceremony of Radziwiłł the Red, among others, in Dubingiai, Lithuania

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