File:Military Medal (UK).png|
Obverse of medal and ribbon
|Awarded by UK and Commonwealth|
|Eligibility||British and (formerly) Commonwealth forces|
|Awarded for||acts of gallantry and devotion to duty under fire|
|Status||Discontinued in 1993|
25 March 1916|
(back dated to 1914)
|Next (higher)||Distinguished Conduct Medal|
Distinguished Service Medal|
Distinguished Flying Medal
Air Force Medal
|Next (lower)||Mention in Despatches|
The Military Medal (MM) was (until 1993) a military decoration awarded to personnel of the British Army and other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for bravery in battle on land.
The medal was established on 25 March 1916. It was the other ranks' equivalent to the Military Cross (MC), which was awarded to commissioned officers and, rarely, to warrant officers, although WOs could also be awarded the MM. The MM ranked below the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM), which was also awarded to non-commissioned members of the Army. Recipients of the Military Medal are entitled to use the post-nominal letters "MM". In 1993 the Military Medal was discontinued. Since then the Military Cross has been awarded to personnel of all ranks.
Description[edit | edit source]
- A circular silver medal of 36 mm diameter. The obverse bears the effigy of the reigning monarch.
- The reverse has the inscription "FOR BRAVERY IN THE FIELD" in four lines, surrounded by a laurel wreath, surmounted by the Royal Cypher and Imperial Crown
- The suspender is of an ornate scroll type.
- The ribbon is dark blue, 1.25 inches wide, with five equal centre stripes of white, red, white, red, and white (0.125 inches each).
- Silver, laurelled bars are authorised for subsequent awards.
|Ribbon bars of the Military Medal|
MM and Bar\\\
Notable recipients of the Military Medal[edit | edit source]
Over 135,000 people have been awarded the Military Medal. Among the more notable recipients are:
- Walter Bingham Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany who served in Normandy and subsequently in Counter Intelligence
- Ian Bailey, who was awarded the medal as a Corporal in The Parachute Regiment during the Falklands War, and went on to become a Captain.
- Billy Bennett, British comedian
- Geoffrey Bingham, Australian theologian and author
- Joe Cassidy, Scottish footballer
- Mairi Chisholm, British volunteer ambulance driver
- Douglas Clark, British rugby league footballer and wrestler
- Jack Cock, British footballer
- William Coltman, who was also awarded the Victoria Cross, and was the most highly decorated NCO of the First World War
- Robert Gaspare Consiglio, Special Air Service member killed during Bravo Two Zero patrol, Iraq 1991.
- Ernest Albert Corey, the only person to be awarded the MM four times
- Dorothie Feilding, first woman to be awarded the MM
- Barney F. Hajiro, Japanese American soldier and Medal of Honor recipient, awarded for his actions in the Second World War
- Billy Hanna, Northern Irish loyalist and commander of the Ulster Volunteer Force's Mid-Ulster Brigade. For gallantry in the Korean War
- William Hutt, Canadian actor
- Fred 'Buck' Kite, the only British soldier to be awarded the MM and two Bars in the Second World War
- Elsie Knocker, British volunteer nurse and ambulance driver
- Steven John Lane, Special Air Service member killed during Bravo Two Zero patrol, Iraq 1991.
- Bob Lilley, founding member of the British Special Air Service, one of the "Tobruk Four".
- Norman Washington Manley, former First Minister of Jamaica; sergeant in the British Army during the First World War
- John McAleese, former British Special Air Service soldier who helped end the Iranian Embassy siege in 1980
- James McCudden, the most highly decorated British pilot of the First World War
- Richard McFadden, professional footballer with Clapton Orient who was a reluctant hero in both civil and military life, CSM McFadden was to give up his life on the Somme on 23 October 1916
- Andy McNab (pseudonym), former Special Air Service soldier and author
- Tommy Prince, Devil's Brigade, Canadian Aboriginal Veteran, Canada's most decorated aboriginal soldier of the Second World War. Also received the US Silver Star
- Bob Quinn, leading Australian rules footballer
- Charles Rutherford, awarded the Military Cross, Military Medal and Victoria Cross
- Chris Ryan (pseudonym), British Special Air Service sergeant and author
- Wilfred Sénéchal, New Brunswick, Canada lawyer, politician
- Al Slater, Special Air Service soldier killed in action. Appeared on British documentary The Paras
- Randall Swingler, British poet
- Willie Thornton, Rangers and Scotland footballer
- Karl Vernon, Olympic medallist oarsman and coach
- Arthur Wesley Wheen, translator of All Quiet on the Western Front (
- Major-General F. F. Worthington was awarded the Military Medal for actions near Vimy Ridge
Popular culture[edit | edit source]
In Soldier Soldier broadcast on ITV, at the 50th D Day Anniversary, Robson Green's character, Fusilier Dave Tucker, gets a veteran called Jack Knight talking, who subsequently turns out to be a recipient of the Military Medal.
In the Dad's Army episode Branded it becomes clear that the character Private Godfrey won the Military Medal in the First World War. The medal itself is central to the storyline in that it's higher than all the medals held by the rest of the platoon & is seen as a mark of true heroism which earns him great respect from them all.
References[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- "The King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, (Lancaster), Military Medal". www.kingsownmuseum.plus.com. http://www.kingsownmuseum.plus.com/medalsv.htm.
- [dead link] "Further information and tools to identify British medals". www.military-medal.co.uk. http://www.military-medal.co.uk[dead link].
- "International Medallists to the Royal British Legion". www.awardmedals.com. http://www.awardmedals.com.
- Search over 5 million campaign medal cards on The UK National Archives' website.
- History of Army Medals & Ribbons from the Civil War to Present Engagements in Iraq and Afghanistan
- Search over Army Medals & Ribbons
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