|Military Medal For Gallantry|
An Bonn Míleata Calmachta
Military Medal For Gallantry with Honour
Military Medal For Gallantry with Distinction
Military Medal For Gallantry with Merit
|Awarded by Ireland|
|Eligibility||Officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of the Defence Forces and members of the Army Nursing and Chaplaincy Services.|
|Awarded for||acts of exceptional bravery or gallantry during military service with risk to life and personal safety.|
|Next (lower)||Distinguished Service Medal|
The Military Medal For Gallantry (Irish language: An Bonn Míleata Calmachta ) is a military decoration awarded by the Irish Government. It is the highest award of the Military awards and decorations of Ireland.
History[edit | edit source]
Created in 1944, the Military Medal for Gallantry is awarded in three different classes. Originally referred to as 1st, 2nd and 3rd class, but since 1984 they have been respectively been referred to with Honour, with Distinction, and with Merit. Since the medal's inception it has been awarded six times with Distinction and twice with Merit. It has never been awarded with Honour.
Criteria[edit | edit source]
The Military Medal for Gallantry is awarded for "any act of exceptional bravery or gallantry (other than one performed on war service) arising out of, or associated with, military service and involving risk to life and limb." The medal can be awarded to officers, non-commissioned officers, or privates of the Defence Forces and to members of the Army Nursing Service and Chaplaincy Services.
Appearance[edit | edit source]
The medal is made of silver when awarded with Honour and is bronze when awarded with Distinction and Merit. The obverse of the medal depicts a cross with St. Brendan’s knot on each arm. Superimposed on the cross is a laurel wreath. In the centre are the words DE ḂARR CALMAĊTA (For Gallantry). The reverse is plain except for the inscription An Bonn Míleata Calmaċta arching over a scroll on which to inscribes the recipient's name. The makers hallmark is located at the bottom.
The medal hangs from a straight arm suspension attached to a 35 millimetres (1.4 in) ribbon which is green and crimson. The ribbon for the medal with Honour is green with a 3 millimetres (0.12 in) central stripe of crimson, with Distinction is green with 6 millimetres (0.24 in) stripes of crimson at the edges, and the medal with Merit is green with 3mm crimson edges and a 3 mm crimson central stripe.
Recipients[edit | edit source]
There have only been eight recipients of the Military Medal for Gallantry, of which 6 have received it with Distinction (2nd class) and 2 with Merit (3rd class).
|Trooper||Anthony Brown||ONUC||Distinction||"He endeavoured to create an opportunity to allow an injured comrade to escape by firing his Gustaf thereby drawing attention to his own position which he must have been aware would endanger his life. He had a reasonable opportunity to escape because he was not wounded but chose to remain with an injured comrade."|
|Captain||Adrian Ainsworth||UNIFIL||Distinction||"For displaying exceptional bravery and compassion of a high order when at At-Tiri, South Lebanon on the 7th of April 1980, at grave danger to his own life from direct and sustained hostile fire, he without hesitation crawled a distance of two hundred metres to aid a grievously wounded comrade, and still under fire on the return journey, brought him to a place of safety."|
|Lieutenant||Anthony Bracken||UNIFIL||Distinction||"For displaying outstanding initiative and exceptional bravery, under heavy fire on the 8th of April 1980, at the village of At-Tiri, South Lebanon, he, voluntarily leaving his position, regardless for the safety of his own life, went to the aid of two injured comrades, and whilst still under heavy sustained fire, assisted them over a distance of two hundred metres to safety."|
|Corporal||Michael Jones||UNIFIL||Distinction||"For displaying outstanding initiative and exceptional bravery, under heavy fire on the 8th of April 1980, at the village of At-Tiri, South Lebanon, he, voluntarily leaving his position, regardless for the safety of his own life, went to the aid of two injured comrades, and whilst still under heavy sustained fire, assisted them over a distance of two hundred metres to safety."|
|Private||Michael John Daly||UNIFIL||Distinction||"For displaying exceptional bravery and compassion of a high order when at At-Tiri, South Lebanon on the 7th of April 1980, at grave danger to his own life from direct and sustained hostile fire, he without hesitation crawled a distance of two hundred metres to aid a grievously wounded comrade, and still under fire on the return journey, brought him to a place of safety."|
|Commandant||Michael Lynch||UNIFIL||Distinction||"For showing exemplary loyalty to his fallen United Nations Military Observers, and with disregard for his own safety, displaying the highest degree of courage and initiative in undertaking and successfully following through a difficult and dangerous mission, behind Syrian lines, in the mountains east of Beirut on the night of the 25th of September 1982, and for reflecting through his actions during the mission, outstanding credit on himself and his country."|
|Private||Paul Coventry||UNIFIL||Merit||"For displaying exceptional bravery and compassion of a higher order, while serving with the United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon, when during a serious confrontation with armed elements at Checkpoint 6-10 Al Jurn, on the 29th of September 1992, he, with little regard for his own safety, voluntarily and without hesitation, left his position of relative safety and moved, exposing himself to hostile fire, to a position that was under effective fire, to render assistance to a wounded comrade."|
|Private||Thomas Metcalfe||Portlaoise Prison||Merit||"For an act of exceptional bravery and with little regard for his own safety, on the 25th of July 1981, in Portlaoise Prison during an outbreak of fire, he voluntarily scaled a forty foot high drainpipe in darkness, and succeeded in rescuing a comrade soldier trapped on a blazing rooftop."|
References[edit | edit source]
- "Oireachtas Committee on the Constitution Third Progress Report". Government of Ireland, Stationery Office. 1998. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110721123405/http://www.constitution.ie/reports/3rd-Report-President.pdf. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Medals of the Irish Defence Forces". Irish Defence Forces. October 2010. http://www.military.ie/fileadmin/user_upload/images/Info_Centre/documents/Df_Medals_2010.pdf. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
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by BQMS Ger O'Connor 54 Reserve Artillery Regiment Mullingar 2010