The Viking Age (793–1050) Edit
793 – Vikings raid Lindisfarne monastery on Holy Island in the North Sea. This is considered the start of the Viking Raids
810 – Friesland is attacked by Danish Vikings
855 – Danish Viking army besieges Paris, though never capturing the city
866 – Large Danish Viking army arrives in England
876 – King Alfred cedes East and North England to the Danes thus establishing the Danelaw
911 – Emperor of Western Francia Charles the Simple surrenders what will later be known as Normandy to Viking chief Rollo.
920 – The Danelaw is reconquered by England
982 – London is sacked by Vikings
1013 – " Svend Tveskæg" attacks England and is recognised as the new King of England
1016 – Viking army meets an English army at Ashdon. The battle ends in an English defeat
Early period Edit
Union Wars (1434–1523) Edit
1434 – A Swedish peasant rebellion breaks out against the Danes
1448 – Disagreements over who should be the new King after Christoffer the Third's death, leads to war between Denmark and Sweden
1455 – After 7 years of war Danish King Christian the First is recognised as King over the Union
1463 – Another outbreak of rebellion against the Danes in Sweden
1471 – In the Battle of Brunkeberg, the Danes suffer complete defeat at the hands of the Swedish
1472 – Peace is concluded
1497 – 29 September King Hans attempts to grab power in Sweden after internal disturbances. His army of German mercenaries defeats a Swedish army in the Battle of Rotebro and he is recognised as King of Sweden
1500 – 17 February King Hans is defeated in the battle of Dithmarschen
1501 – A Swedish rebellion breaks out and King Hans loses most of Sweden
1501 – The Swedes attack Norway but are forced back. Stockholm surrenders to the Swedes
1510 – Lübeck declares war on Denmark and Sweden joins Lübeck
1511 – 9 August A Danish fleet forces the Lübeck fleet to fall back at Bornholm, and the rest of the war they remain in port
1512 – April Denmark concludes peace with Sweden and Lübeck
1517 – A rebellion in Sweden flares up again. In August a Danish army is deployed at Stockholm, but is defeated at Vedla
1518 – Another Danish army is deployed at Stockholm, but is not capable of forcing a decisive battle
1520 – 6 April A Danish army defeats a Swedish peasant army at Uppsala and occupies Stockholm
1520 – 8 November The Swedish army is defeated. King Christian the Second acquires the title of King of Sweden, and orders all the Swedish nobility executed. This day is known as the bloodbath in Stockholm
1521 – Swedish Gustav Vasa reconquors all of Sweden and the Union is dissolved Gustav is declared King of Sweden
War with Lübeck and "The Counts Feud" (1534–1536) Edit
1534 – A Civil War named the Count's Feud breaks out. Captain Clement raises a Juttish peasant army
1535 – 9 June A Danish and Swedish fleet fights a naval battle against Lübeck. The battle ends in a draw but in the coming days the Lübeck fleet is destroyed
1536 – 11 June In the Danish Civil War a Danish peasant army is massacred in the battle of Oxnebjerg
1537 – 16 January Lübeck concludes peace with Christian the Third. The Civil War ends when Copenhagen surrenders to Christian the Third
War against The Netherlands (1542–1543) Edit
1542 – War breaks out between France and the German Emperor. Emperor Charles V supports Frederick II, Elector Palatine for the Danish crown, and Denmark participates in the war on the side of France
1543 – Denmark declares war on Netherlands, that are under the rule of Charles
1544 – Denmark concludes the Treaty of Speyer with the German Emperor
Seven Years' War (1563–1570) Edit
1563 – 31 July Ambition and a fight over the right to each other's national weapons, war breaks out between Denmark and Sweden
1563 – 15 September A Danish army moves into Sweden and occupies Älvsborg
1564 – 30 May A Danish fleet under the command of Herluf Trolle, defeats a Swedish fleet between Öland and Gotland
1565 – 9 October The war's only big battle stands at Axtorna. Rantzau defeats a numerically superior Swedish army
1570 – 13 December A peace treaty ( Treaty of Stettin) is concluded and terminates the war between Denmark and Sweden. Denmark gives back Älvsborg in return for 150.000 daler (Danish coin)
Kalmar War (1611–1613) Edit
1611 – 4 April War between Denmark and Sweden breaks out when Sweden attempts to break the Danish monopoly on trade with Russia
1611 – 11 June The Swedish Army is defeated at Kalmar
1613 – 20 January Denmark and Sweden sign a peace treaty. Denmark becomes an uncontested power nation in Scandinavia
Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) Edit
1618 – Denmark enters the war between Catholics and Protestants
1626 – The Danish Army under Christian the Fourth is defeated by a Catholic army in the Battle of Lutter am Barenberge
1628 – In the battle of Wolgast, Christian the Fourth is crushed by a German army and forced to conclude peace
Thorsteinson War (1643–1645) Edit
1643 – December: War with Sweden breaks out because of a long dispute over the dominance of the Øresund, and dissent over the Øresund toll.
1643 – 12 December: The Swedish Field Marshal Thorsteinson crosses the border to Holstein from Swedish territory in North Germany.
1644 – January: Jutland is occupied by Swedish troops.
1644 – February: Swedish troops under Gustav Horn advance into Skåne and are stopped at Malmö.
1644 – 16 May: A Danish fleet defeats a Dutch fleet at Lister Dyb, which was sent to reinforce the Swedes.
1644 – 1 July: The Danish Fleet meets the Swedish Fleet at Koldberg Heide. The battle ends in a decisive Danish victory, and the Swedish withdraw to the Kiel Bay.
1644 – 12 October: A combined Swedish and Dutch fleet defeats a Danish fleet at Fehmarn. This effectively decides the outcome of the war.
1645 – February: Peace negotiations are started in Brømsebro.
1645 – 13 August: Denmark and Sweden conclude peace in Brømsebro. Denmark is forced to hand over Gotland, Øsel and Halland (South Sweden) as well as the Norwegian province Jemtland.
Northern Wars (Carl Gustav Krigene) (1657–1660) Edit
Scanian War (Skånske Krig) (1675–1679) Edit
Great Northern War (Store Nordiske Krig) (1700–1720) Edit
Russo-Swedish War (1788) Edit
Napoleonic Wars (Napeoleonskrigene) (1800–1813) Edit
Gunboat War (Kanonbådskrigen) (1807–1814) Edit
First War of Schleswig (Treårskrigen / Første Slesvigske Krig) (1848–1850) Edit
Second War of Schleswig (Krigen i 1864 / Anden Slesvigske Krig) (1864) Edit
German Occupation (Den tyske besættelse) (1940–1945) Edit
Operations in Bosnia (1994) Edit
War in Afghanistan (2001–present) Edit
Invasion of Iraq (2003) Edit
Military intervention in Libya (2011) Edit
Knud J. V. Jespersen (2004). A History of Denmark. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-65917-1.
Community content is available under
unless otherwise noted.