The armed forces of Kyrgyzstan, originally formed from former Soviet forces of the Turkestan Military District stationed in the newly independent state, includes the Army/Land Forces, the Air and Air Defence Forces, the Northern and Southern Groups of Forces, Interior Troops, and Border Troops.
For much of the Soviet period, since 1967, the 8th Guards 'Panfilov' Motor Rifle Division was the main military force in the country, and the Division was only disbanded in January 2003. In 1967 the Division had been moved to Bishkek from the Baltic Military District, where it had previously been based.
In terms of foreign presence, the U.S.-led Operation Enduring Freedom coalition use the Manas Air Base (Bishkek's international airport) while Russia has the 999th Air Base at Kant which was set up by Moscow to counter the American military presence in the Former Soviet state.
Army[edit | edit source]
The Army of Kyrgyzstan includes the 1st Motor Rifle Brigade (Mountain) at Osh, a brigade at Koi-tash, in the Bishkek area, the 25th Special Forces Brigade, independent battalions at Karakol and Naryn, and other units.
Two Groups of Forces, the Southern, and more recently the Northern, have been active during Kyrgyzstan's history. In 2004, the Northern Group of Forces was reported as consisting of the Balykchynsky brigade, the brigade deployed in suburb of Bishkek, separate battalions in Karakol and Naryn,and other army units.
Equipment[edit | edit source]
Armoured vehicle numbers are from the relevant Articles.
Tanks[edit | edit source]
- T-72 MBTs - 215
AIFV / APC[edit | edit source]
Artillery[edit | edit source]
- BM-21 - 21
Light equipment[edit | edit source]
- Makarov PM Pistol
- TT-33 Pistol
- AK-74 Assault Rifle
- AKM Assault Rifle
- AK-47 Assault Rifle
- AKS-74U Carbine
- SKS Carbine
- RPK Light Machine Gun
- PKM General Purpose Machine Gun
- NSV Heavy Machine Gun
- DShK Heavy Machine Gun
- Dragunov SVD Sniper Rifle
- RPG-7 Rocket Launcher
- GP-25 Grenade Launcher
- AGS-17 Automatic Grenade Launcher
- SPG-9 Recoilless Gun
- PP-2000 Fully Automatic Handgun(SMG)
- AK-101 Assault Rifle
Air Force[edit | edit source]
Kyrgyzstan's air arm was inherited from the central Soviet air force training school. This presented the nation a fleet of nearly 70 L-39s, dismantled MiG-21’s and several Mi-8’s and Mi-24’s. However, only a few L-39s and the helicopters are capable of flight. All Kyrgyz military aircraft are reportedly based at Kant, alongside the Russian 999th Air Base. Because of expense and military doctrine, Kyrgyzstan has not developed its air capability; a large number of the MiG-21 interceptors that it borrowed from Russia were returned in 1993, although a number of former Soviet air bases remain available. In 1996 about 100 decommissioned MiG-21s remained in Kyrgyzstan, along with ninety-six L-39 trainers and sixty-five helicopters. The air defence forces have received aid from Russia, which has sent military advisory units to establish a defence system. The Russians also help patrol Kyrgyz airspace as part of the Joint CIS Air Defence System Presently Kyrgyzstan has twenty-six SA-2 and SA-3 surface-to-air missiles in its air defence arsenal. In 2002 the Kyrgyzstan government allowed the United States to use Manas air base for support operations in the War on terror. This agreement lasted till June 2014.
Aircraft[edit | edit source]
Current inventory[edit | edit source]
|Aero L-39||Czech Republic||trainer||3||sold surplus units to Lithuania|
Air defense[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- Military Technology, World Defence Almanac Vol. XXXII, Issue 1, 2008, p.248
- http://www8.brinkster.com/vad777/sng/kirgizia.htm - accessed Aug 2007 and Jan 2008
- Vad777, accessed July 2008, reporting http://www.sk.kg/2004/n19/7.html - 2004, a dead link
- Jane's Armour and Artillery 1997-98 ISBN 0 7106 1542 6
- "World Air Forces 2000 pg. 73". flightglobal.com. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2000/2000-1%20-%201981.html. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "World Air Forces 2004 pg. 70". flightglobal.com. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2004/2004-09%20-%202363.html. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Joshua Kucera. "U.S. Formally Closes Its Kyrgyzstan Air Base". Eurasianet. http://www.eurasianet.org/node/68430. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- World Air Forces 2014 "WAF 2014". Flightglobal Insight. 2014. http://img.en25.com/Web/flightglobal/%7B88f2f053-6c3d-4ab4-a297-0b453358a560%7D_FC055_PREM_201312.pdf?elq=&elqCampaignId= World Air Forces 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "World Air Forces 1998 pg. 74". flightglobal.com. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1998/1998%20-%203236.html. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Martha Brill Olcott, Library of Congress Country Study Kyrgyzstan, National Security, 1996
- Henry Plater-Zyberk, Kyrgyzstan - Focusing on Security, Conflict Studies Research Centre K41, November 2003
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