|Umbutfo Swaziland Defence Force|
|Military age||18-30[note 1]|
|344,038, age 18–49 (2010 est.)|
201,853 males, age 18–49 (2010 est.),|
175,477 females, age 18–49 (2010 est.)
16,168 males (2010 est.),|
15,763 females (2010 est.)
|Active personnel||3000+ (ranked n/a)|
|Budget||$115 million (2011 est.)|
|Percent of GDP||3.0% of GDP (2011 est.)|
The Military of Swaziland (Umbutfo Swaziland Defence Force) is used primarily during domestic protests, with some border and customs duties; the force has never been involved in a foreign conflict. The army has struggled with high rates of HIV infection. Since measures were put in place the rate is dropping.
The King is the Commander-in-Chief of the Umbutfo Swaziland Defence Force (USDF), and the substantive Minister of the Ministry of Defence. However, he delegates the responsibilities of the day-to-day activities of the executive arm of the government. There is a Defence Council, which is responsible for inter alia advising the King on all matters pertaining to the USDF. The USDF is commanded by Major General Stanley Dlamini; the deputy commander is Brigadier General Patrick Motsa, and the formation commander is Brigadier General Jeffry S. Tshabalala.
Equipment[edit | edit source]
Armoured Personnel Carriers[edit | edit source]
|Vehicle||Country of origin||Type||Versions||In service||Notes|
|RG-31 Nyala||South Africa||Armoured vehicles||Mk5E||7||7 delivered in the 1990s|
Weapons[edit | edit source]
|Weapon||Country of origin||Type||Versions||In service||Notes|
|Armalite AR-18||United States||Assault rifle||AR-180||Unknown|
|IMI Galil||Israel||Assault rifle||Unknown||Unknown|
|SIG SG 540||Switzerland||Assault rifle||Unknown||Unknown|
|FN FAL||Belgium||Battle rifle||Unknown||Unknown|
|Sterling submachine gun||United Kingdom||Submachine gun||Unknown||Unknown|
|FN MAG||Belgium||General-purpose machine gun||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
Branches[edit | edit source]
Air Force[edit | edit source]
Swaziland also maintains a relatively small air wing, part of the Umbutfo Swaziland Defence Force (USDF). The air wing is mainly used for transporting the King as well as cargo, and personnel; surveying land with search and rescue functions, and mobilizing in case of a national emergency.
Both Arava 201 have crashed; the first was on a demo flight in the 1980s, leaving both pilots dead. The second was lost in 2004, after bad weather caused the pilots to miss the runway and crash into a sugar cane field. Although no injuries were reported, the incident left the air force temporarily crippled.
|Aircraft||Country of origin||Type||Versions||In service||Notes|
|IAI Arava||Israel||Cargo plane||IAI 202||0||2 delivered, one crashed in the 1980s, and the other in 2004|
|Canadair Global Express||Canada||Passenger plane||BD-700-1A10||1||1 delivered, currently used as a troop transport|
|Cessna 337 Super Skymaster||United States||Passenger plane||1||1 delivered, currently used as a medical transport|
|Learjet 35||United States||Passenger plane||1||1 delivered, currently used as a troop transport|
|Piper PA-28 Cherokee||United States||Passenger plane||PA-28-140||1||1 delivered, currently used for land surveying|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-87||United States||Passenger plane||DC-87||1||1 delivered, currently used by government officials|
|Aérospatiale Alouette III||France||Utility helicopter||SA-316B||3||3 donated to Swaziland in 2000|
Army[edit | edit source]
The army, called the Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force (USDF), is the main component of Swaziland's military.
Facilities[edit | edit source]
- Nsingizini Army Barracks
- Mbuluzi Barracks
- Mdzimba Mountain Barracks
- Phocweni Barracks
- Etjeni Barracks
- Zombodze Barracks
Units[edit | edit source]
- Ludlukhala Regiment
- Lindimpi Regiment (watchman/guard)
- Gcina Regiment
[edit | edit source]
Due to Swaziland being landlocked, the country does not maintain a navy.
Commanders[edit | edit source]
- Prince Bhekimpi Dhlamini 1973-1977 (as commander of Royal Swaziland Defense Force)
- Colonel Maphevu Dlamini 1977-1979 (died in office)
- Colonel Jameson Ndizimande 1981 (appointment was later annulled)
- Brigadier Gideon Dube 1983-2000?
Sources[edit | edit source]
This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2010 edition".
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Compulsory HIV testing required, only HIV-negative applicants accepted
References[edit | edit source]
- "SIPRI military expenditure database". Milexdata.sipri.org. http://milexdata.sipri.org/. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Crash diminishes Swaziland's air force". Independent Online (South Africa). November 23, 2004. http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=84&art_id=qw1101220382909B224. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- "allAfrica.com: Swaziland: Army Slowly Winning the HIV/Aids Battle". 2010-12-18. http://allafrica.com/stories/201012140720.html. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
- "Swaziland: Time for Democracy?". Africafocus.org. http://www.africafocus.org/docs11/swaz1104.php. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Security in Swaziland, Swaziland Security, Ministry of Defence, Swaziland welcome, Commonwealth". Commonwealth-of-nations.org. http://www.commonwealth-of-nations.org/Swaziland/Security/Ministry_of_Defence%60_Swaziland/welcome. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Welcome to the home page of the Government of Swaziland". Archived from the original on June 13, 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110613214553/http://www.gov.sz/home.asp?pid=2244. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
- "Welcome to the home page of the Government of Swaziland". Archived from the original on June 13, 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20110613214925/http://www.gov.sz/home.asp?pid=2245. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
- "Arms Trade Register". SIPRI. http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- Bishop, Chris. Guns in Combat. Chartwell Books, Inc (1998). ISBN 0-7858-0844-2.
- Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
- "Military of Swaziland". eNotes. 2012-07-06. http://www.enotes.com/topic/Military_of_Swaziland. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Photo Search Results". Airliners.net. http://www.airliners.net/search/photo.search?regsearch=3D-DAC&distinct_entry=true. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Air force (Swaziland) - Sentinel Security Assessment - Southern Africa". Janes.com. 2011-04-12. http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-Sentinel-Security-Assessment-Southern-Africa/Air-force-Swaziland.html. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident IAI Arava 201 3D-DAB Zomba Air Base". Aviation-safety.net. 1980-01-15. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19800115-0. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Swazi military aviation OrBat". Milaviapress.com. http://www.milaviapress.com/orbat/swaziland/index.php. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "UK blocks Swazi arms". DefenceWeb. 2011-03-23. http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=14343:uk-blocks-swazi-arms&catid=47:Logistics&Itemid=110. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Aircraft 3D-BIS, Learjet 45 C/N 104". Airport-data.com. http://www.airport-data.com/aircraft/3D-BIS.html. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Times Of Swaziland". Times.co.sz. http://www.times.co.sz/News/75450.html. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "SAAF Alouettes for Swaziland". SAAF. http://www.saairforce.co.za/news-and-events/69/saaf-alouettes-for-swaziland. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "CIA - The World Factbook". Cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/wz.html. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35th edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
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