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Millard Caldwell
Administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration

In office
December 1, 1950 – November 15, 1952
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by James Jeremiah Wadsworth (Acting)
Chair of the National Governors Association

In office
May 26, 1946 – July 13, 1947
Preceded by Ed Martin
Succeeded by Horace Hildreth
29th Governor of Florida

In office
January 2, 1945 – January 4, 1949
Preceded by Spessard Holland
Succeeded by Fuller Warren
Member of the United States House of Representatives
In office
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1941
Preceded by Tom Yon
Succeeded by Bob Sikes
Member of the Florida House of Representatives

In office
Personal details
Born Millard Fillmore Caldwell
(1897-02-06)February 6, 1897
Beverly, Tennessee, U.S. (now Knoxville)
Died October 23, 1984(1984-10-23) (aged 87)
Tallahassee, Florida, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Harwood
Children 3
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1918–1919
Rank US-O2 insignia.svg First Lieutenant
Battles/wars World War I

Millard Fillmore Caldwell (February 6, 1897 – October 23, 1984) was an American politician. He was the 29th Governor of Florida (1945–1949) and served in all three branches of government at various times in his life, including as a U.S. Representative and Florida Supreme Court justice.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Caldwell was born in the rural area of Beverly, Tennessee, outside Knoxville. There he attended public schools and attended Carson-Newman College, the University of Mississippi, and the University of Virginia.[1] During World War I, Caldwell enlisted in the U.S. Army on April 3, 1918. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery, and was discharged on January 11, 1919.[2]

Caldwell was married to Mary Harwood Caldwell; the couple's three children were Susan, Millard, and Sally. Caldwell moved to Milton, Florida in 1924, practicing law there.

Career[edit | edit source]

Portrait of Caldwell

In 1926, Caldwell began serving as prosecutor and county attorney of Santa Rosa County; in 1929, he was elected as a Democrat to the state House, where he was a member until 1932.

In 1944, Caldwell was elected governor of Florida. Taking office in 1945, Caldwell's term is noted for his segregationist beliefs, as well as his support for road construction projects and the establishment of the Educational Minimum Foundation Program, which gave education funds to rural counties. One of the more colorful aspects of Caldwell's term came on August 10, 1945, during the surrender of Japan in World War II, when Caldwell issued a proclamation urging bars and other alcohol-selling establishments to close in order to prevent a frenzy of drunken celebration in the streets.

After leaving office in 1949, Caldwell was appointed the administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration by then-President Harry S. Truman in 1950. After leaving this post in 1952, Caldwell served as a justice – and later chief justice – on the State Supreme Court from 1962 to 1969.

On May 14, 1953, Caldwell was initiated as an honorary brother in the Alpha Phi chapter of Alpha Kappa Psi at the University of Florida[3]

Death[edit | edit source]

Caldwell died in Tallahassee on October 23, 1984. He is interred at Blackwood-Harwood Plantations Cemetery in Leon County in Tallahassee, Florida.

During his life, Caldwell was a member of the Newcomen Society, Freemasons, Shriners, Elks, and Knights of Pythias. He was also a member of Kappa Sigma and Phi Alpha Delta.

See also[edit | edit source]

  • List of Governors of Florida

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Tom Yon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Bob Sikes
Party political offices
Preceded by
Spessard Holland
Democratic nominee for Governor of Florida
Succeeded by
Fuller Warren
Political offices
Preceded by
Spessard Holland
Governor of Florida
Succeeded by
Fuller Warren
Preceded by
Ed Martin
Chair of the National Governors Association
Succeeded by
Horace Hildreth
New office Administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration
Succeeded by
James Jeremiah Wadsworth

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