North Gyeongsang, South Korea.
|Date||24 December 1949|
|Target||Communist sympathizer civilians|
|Deaths||86 - 88|
|Perpetrators||Syngman Rhee anticommunist forces|
The Mungyeong Massacre (Korean language: 문경 양민학살 사건 , Hanja: 聞慶良民虐殺事件) was a massacre conducted by 2nd and 3rd platoon, 7th company, 3rd battalion, 25th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division of the South Korean Army on 24 December 1949 of 86 to 88 unarmed citizens in Mungyeong, North Gyeongsang district of South Korea, all of whom were civilians and a majority of whom were children and elderly people.[source needs translation][source needs translation][source needs translation] The victims included 32 children.[source needs translation] The victims were massacred because they were Communist supporters or collaborators.[source needs translation] However, the South Korean government blamed the crime on communist guerillas for decades.[source needs translation]
On 26 June 2006, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Korea concluded that the massacre was committed by the South Korean Army.[source needs translation] However, South Korean local court decided that charging the South Korean government with the massacre was barred by statute of limitations as the five-year prescription ended in December 1954. On 10 February 2009, the South Korean high court also dismissed the victim's family complaint.[source needs translation][source needs translation] In June, 2011, South Korean Supreme court decided that the South Korean government should compensate victims of inhumane crimes it committed regardless of the deadline to make the claim.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Truth and Reconciliation Commission (South Korea)
- Bodo League massacre
- Jeju Uprising
- List of massacres in South Korea
References[edit | edit source]
- "’Compensation claim period limitless for inhumane state crimes’". 09-08-2011. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2011/09/117_94525.html. Retrieved 09-28-2012.
- Jeong Hee-san (2000-01-13). "문경 양민 학살 진실 밝혀질까 문경 양민 학살 유족들, 헌법 소원 내기로…정부, 50년 동안 외면". http://www.sisapress.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=8136. Retrieved 2011-11-30. (Korean)
- "`문경 양민학살 특별법` 제정 청원". 2004-08-16. Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. https://archive.is/0cI7. Retrieved 2010-07-08. (Korean)
- "민간인학살 울산-문경 두 판결문 비교". 2009-02-16. http://www.idomin.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=279392. Retrieved 2010-07-08. (Korean)
- "두 민간인 학살 사건, 상반된 판결 왜 나왔나?'울산보도연맹' - '문경학살사건' 판결문 비교분석해 봤더니...". 2009-02-17. http://www.ohmynews.com/NWS_Web/view/at_pg.aspx?CNTN_CD=A0001070694. Retrieved 2010-07-08. (Korean)
- "'과거사 사건' 12건 배상액 1810억원". 2009-10-26. http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/10/25/2009102500747.html. Retrieved 2010-07-08. (Korean)
[edit | edit source]
- (Korean) 국가범죄 '문경학살사건' 항소심서도 패소 판결 CBS 2009-08-06
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