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NDF Rebellion
Divided Yemen
North & South Yemen
Date 1978-1982
Location North Yemen
Result Government victory
Flag of North Yemen.svg North Yemen

Supported by:
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia
United States United States

National Democratic Front

Supported by:
Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen
Flag of Libya (1977–2011).svg Libya
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union

Commanders and leaders
Yemen Arab Republic Ali Abdullah Saleh

Yemen Arab Republic Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar
Muhammad al-Yadumi

Yahya Shami
Sultan Ahmad Umar
Presidential standard of South Yemen 1967-1990.svg Abdel Fattah Ismail

The NDF Rebellion was an uprising in the Yemen Arab Republic by the National Democratic Front, under Yahya Shami,[1] between 1978 and 1982.[2] The rebellion began in 1978, following the death of Ahmad al-Ghashmi and the rise to power of Ali Abdullah Saleh.[2] The NDF was supported in its rebellion by the PDRY[2] and Libya.[1] The NDF enjoyed various successes throughout the war, although it was weakened by the peace treaty between North and South Yemen following the 1979 border war.[2]

There were several attempts at ceasefires between the government and the NDF. Kuwait managed to facilitate the signing of a ceasefire between the government and the NDF on 26 November 1981, although hostilities re-erupted in December 1981.[1] Later, the Palestinian Liberation Organization was able to mediate a ceasefire agreement on 3 April 1982, however hostilities began again later the same April, with the NDF capturing Juban. Government forces in turn attacked NDF positions in Juban in May 1982.

PDRY support for the NDF diminished under the Presidency of the less overtly militant Ali Nasir Muhammad,[2] and PDRY support for the NDF finally ended in May 1982.[1] The NDF was eventually defeated by a rejuvenated YAR Army in conjunction with the pro-government Islamic Front, allowing the YAR government to finally establish control over the North-South border region.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 10. Kingdom of Yemen/Yemen Arab Republic/North Yemen (1918-1990) - University of Central Arkansas
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Burrowes, Robert D. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 252. 

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