Namer in a drill
|Type||armoured personnel carrier|
IFV upgrade planned. See Citation (4)&(15) in refs.
|Place of origin||Israel|
|In service||2008 – present|
|Used by||Israel Defense Forces|
|Designer||Israel Military Industries|
|Manufacturer||IDF Ordnance (assembly)|
|Unit cost||$3 million|
|Produced||2008 – present|
|Crew||3 (commander, driver, RCWS operator) + up to 12 troops|
|Armor||Classified composite matrix of laminated ceramic-steel-nickel alloy + underlaid reactive armour. Sloped modular design.|
|Samson RCWS equipped with either 12.7 mm (0.50 in) M2 machine gun, or Mk 19 grenade launcher, or smaller MG.|
|1 × 7.62 mm (0.300 in) FN MAG MG|
1 × 60 mm (2.4 in) external mortar
12 smoke grenades
|Engine||1,200 hp (895 kW) turbocharged diesel engine|
|Payload capacity||9 infantrymen|
|500 km (310 mi)|
|Speed||60 km/h (40 mph) - top speed|
Namer (Hebrew: נמ"ר, pronounced [nameʁ], means "leopard" and also a syllabic abbreviation of "Nagmash" (APC) and "Merkava") is an Israeli armored personnel carrier based on a Merkava tank chassis. Namer was developed by and is being assembled by the Israeli Ordnance Corps. It has entered service in limited numbers with the Israel Defense Forces since summer 2008.
History[edit | edit source]
1990s–2004[edit | edit source]
The experience of converting Centurion tanks into armored personnel carriers (Nagmashot, Nagmachon) and combat engineering vehicles (Puma, Nakpadon), followed by the successful conversion of many T-54 and T-55 tanks into Achzarit infantry fighting vehicles pushed the idea of converting Merkava tanks into heavily armored APCs / IFVs. The concept held great promise, because many of the 250 Merkava Mark Is were being gradually withdrawn from service and it was also made clear that the 105 mm armament of the Merkava Mark IIs could not be upgraded to the more modern IMI 120 mm gun.
The development did not progress much in the 1990s due to lack of funds, but following 2004 Israel–Gaza conflict, which exposed the vulnerability of the M113 armored personnel carrier to improvised explosive devices and rocket-propelled grenades, the IDF re-opened the development. At that point domestic production of Namer was preferred over purchasing the Stryker armored personnel carrier.
2005–present[edit | edit source]
Eventually, IDF Ordnance developed infantry fighting vehicle prototypes based on the Merkava Mark I chassis, and also a handful of IFVs based on the Merkava Mark IV chassis. The vehicle was initially called Nemmera (Hebrew: leopardess), but later renamed to Namer.
On 15 February 2005, Maariv reported that a running Namer prototype based on the Merkava Mark I was fielded by the Givati Brigade for trials and evaluation. It was equipped with a Rafael Overhead Weapon Station, which is remotely controlled and loaded from within the vehicle. This same unit was demonstrated at the Eurosatory 2005 military exhibition where prospective export customers showed interest.
Lessons learned in the battles of the 2006 Lebanon War also largely validated this program. Consequently, in 2007 it was reported that the first fifteen Namers would be delivered in 2008, and over a hundred more would finally equip two combat brigades. However, conversion plans were abandoned in favor of newly built Merkava Mark IV chassis.
On 1 March 2008, an operational, started from scratch and fully developed Namer IFV based on Merkava Mark IV chassis was officially presented by the IDF. Reportedly, the construction was expedited on May 2008 by importing parts from the US. On September 15, 2008, the Namer was unveiled to the general public at an exhibition in Rishon LeZion.
On 25 October 2010, it was announced that General Dynamics Land Systems had been chosen to negotiate a contract to manufacture and integrate an unspecified number of vehicle hulls at the Joint Systems Manufacturing Center in Lima, Ohio.
Design[edit | edit source]
Survivability[edit | edit source]
Namer has been designed for survivability and rapid repair, with modular armor, V-shaped belly armor pack, and NBC protection. According to Brigadier general Yaron Livnat, “The weight saved by eliminating the turret was ‘reinvested’ in beefing up the armor... this has resulted, with Namer having better protected from belly charges". It is also ready to be equipped with an active protection system. As of June 2009, the IDF approved the acquisition of Israel Military Industries' Iron Fist active protection system for the Namer.
Armament[edit | edit source]
Namer is armed with either a M2 Browning machine gun or a Mk 19 grenade launcher mounted on a Samson Remote Controlled Weapon Station, a 7.62 mm (FN MAG) machine gun, a 60 mm mortar. Smoke grenade launchers are also carried. Mounting an external remote controlled 30-mm autocannon and Spike anti-tank guided missiles is also being considered.
Capabilities[edit | edit source]
Namer is capable of maneuvering in difficult terrain, powered by the Teledyne Continental AVDS-1790-9AR 1,200 hp (895 kW) V12 air-cooled diesel engine of the Merkava Mark III. Namer is able to carry up to 12 troops (crewmen and fully equipped infantrymen) and one stretcher, or two stretchers and medical equipment on a Namerbulance MEDEVAC version. The original Merkava Mark IV rear entrance was redesigned to be a wider door ramp with a sniper port. Two hatches are fitted on the roof, which is higher than Merkava's hull roof. Namer also shares a digital battlefield management system with Merkava Mark IV.
Users[edit | edit source]
- The Golani Brigade was the first to acquire the Namer. According to IDF, the Namer IFV is set be distributed to infantry and combat engineering forces, with possible future plans for special models for intelligence and command purposes. Two Namers took part in the Gaza War as part of the Golani Brigade.
- Azerbaijan and Israel have conducted negotiations over the Namer vehicle.
- Israel has offered procurement of Namer APCs to Colombia.
- The US Army conducted non-developmental vehicle operational assessments of current combat vehicles in 2012 to evaluate capabilities against requirements for purchase of a new IFV for the Ground Combat Vehicle program. One of the vehicles validated was the Namer. On 2 April 2013, the Congressional Budget Office released a report that advised purchasing current vehicles instead of developing a new vehicle for the GCV program. Buying the Namer would cost $9 billion less, and met the required nine-man carrying capacity. The army responded by saying that although the Namer and other vehicles assessed in 2012 met some GCV requirements, no currently fielded vehicle met enough without needing significant redesign.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
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- "The Institute for National Security Studies", chapter Israel, 2012 May 8, 2012.
- "צה"ל הכניס לשימוש נגמ"ש חדש מתוצרת ישראלית" (in Hebrew). Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.co.il/hasite/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=1064519.
- "New Artillery Cannon for APC". IDF official site. http://dover.idf.il/IDF/English/News/today/09/07/0501.htm.
- Scott C. Farquhar (2009). "Namer"+"armored+personnel+carrier"&hl=en&ei=t69YTbKzMJDpgAfZjLX7DA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3 Back to basics: a study of the second Lebanon War and Operation CAST LEAD. Government Printing Office. p. 86. http://books.google.com/books?id=Yl-9rni983MC&pg=PA86&dq="Namer"+"armored+personnel+carrier"&hl=en&ei=t69YTbKzMJDpgAfZjLX7DA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "תוכנית "נמרה": טנק המרכבה 1 יוסב לנגמ"ש" (in Hebrew). IL: Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.co.il/hasite/pages/ShArtPE.jhtml?itemNo=437566.
- "Armored warfare: Israel Drops Stryker for Merkava APC". Strategy page. http://www.fresh.co.il/vBulletin/showpost.php?p=130634&postcount=1.
- Gelbart, Marsh (2004). Modern Israeli Tanks and Infantry Carriers 1985–2004. Bryan, Anthony ‘Tony’ illus. Oxford, UK: Osprey. p. 7. ISBN 1-84176-579-1.
- "Armor: The Ultimate IFV". Strategy Page. http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htarm/articles/20070720.aspx.
- "עין הנמ"ר" (in Hebrew). IDF. http://dover.idf.il/NR/exeres/7F0C4EAF-E4D4-4FC7-AE3A-BA17FED13664.htm.
- "צה"ל מאיץ את ייצור ה"נמר" בסיוע ארה"ב" (in Hebrew). Maariv. http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART1/734/959.html.
- "General Dynamics Selected for Merkava Armored Personnel Carriers for Israel". PR Newswire. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/general-dynamics-selected-for-merkava-armored-personnel-carriers-for-israel-105674333.html.
- Enter the Namer Defense Update
- "IDF Approves Acquisition of Active protection Systems for Namer AIFVs". Defense Update. http://www.defense-update.com/features/2009/june/idf_aps_090609.html.
- "Namer Heavy armored personnel carrier". military-today.com. http://www.military-today.com/apc/namer.htm.
- "הגלגול הבא של הנמ"ר - אמבולנס משוריין" (in Hebrew). Official IDF site. http://dover.idf.il/IDF/News_Channels/bamahana/09/14/05.htm.
- "Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) - Namer". Official IDF site. IDF. http://dover.idf.il/IDF/English/about/weapon/Groung/nagmashim/default.htm.
- "מה עשו שני נמ"רים בלב רצועת עזה?" (in Hebrew). Official IDF site. IDF. http://dover.idf.il/IDF/News_Channels/bamahana/09/8/0805.htm.
- PanARMENIAN.Net Israel rearms Azerbaijani army
- Israel offers Merkava tanks and Namers to Colombia
- Report: GCV is worst choice to replace Bradley - DoDBuzz.com, April 3, 2013
- Army, industry slam CBO’s scathing GCV report - DoDBuzz.com, April 4, 2013
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Namer APC.|
- Namer on Armour.ws
- Namer AIFV on Defense-Update.com
- Namer on military-today.com
- Namer Family + Merkava Family
- Namer prototype and operational Namer on israeli-weapons.com
- Namer heavy armoured personnel carrier on Jane's
- IDF ARMOR blog: Namer APC on Merkava chassis
- Namer Armoured vehicle infantry personnel carrier on armyrecognition.com
- Namer video on YouTube
- First exercise (Hebrew)
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