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Not to be confused with Naval battle off St. John (1696)

Naval battle off St. John
Part of the King Williams War
John-nelson.jpg
John Nelson
Date22 September 1691
LocationBay of Fundy, off present-day Saint John, New Brunswick
Result French victory
Belligerents
 Kingdom of England  Kingdom of France
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of England Edward Tyng Kingdom of France Joseph Robineau de Villebon
Strength
ketch frigate
Casualties and losses
4 prisoners none


The Naval battle off St. John took place on 22 September 1691 between France and England toward the beginning of King Williams War in the Bay of Fundy off present-day Saint John, New Brunswick. The English ship sailed with the new British Governor of Acadia Edward Tyng while the French ship sailed with the French Governor of Acadia Joseph Robineau de Villebon.

Battle[edit | edit source]

Philips had conquered Port Royal in 1690. He sent Tyng in a ketch under the command of John Nelson to be the new British Governor of Acadia. Tyng was in a ketch of Andrew Belcher’s. On 2 September, the new Governor was attacked by Villebon who was in the French frigate Soleil d’Afrique (32 guns), commanded by Simon-Pierre Denys de Bonaventure. The English quickly capitulated. English captive John Alden was sent to Boston to arrange a prisoner exchange.

Aftermath[edit | edit source]

Alden was sent to Boston to get 60 French soldiers captured by Phips in the Battle of Port Royal (1690). Alden’s son and Colonel Tyng were held as hostages, and Nelson was sent to Quebec.[1]

While in prison, Nelson sent intelligence to Boston about French plans for attacks against the Massachusetts colonies. For this act, Nelson was punished by being transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the Bastille prison in France. In 1702, after ten years of imprisonment, he was released and returned home to Nelson's Island (Long Island) as a local hero.[2]

Alden returned to Villebon at the Saint John in May 1692, bringing with him only six French soldiers. As a result, Alden’s son and Colonel Tyng were subsequently sent to France.[1] Tyng died in captivity at La Rochelle.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Biography – ALDEN, JOHN – Volume II (1701-1740) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". biographi.ca. http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/alden_john_2E.html. Retrieved 2014-09-12. 
  2. "The Islands of Boston Harbor", in "Some Events of Boston and Its Neighbors", Chapter 4, printed for the State Street Trust Company, Boston, Massachusetts, 1917.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • France and England in North America: A series of historical narratives, Part 5 By Francis Parkman, Chapter 18. p. 388
  • Beamish Murdoch. A History of Nova-Scotia, Or Acadie, Volume I. James Barns, Printer and Publisher. 1865.
  • Hannay, James. The history of Acadia, from its first discovery to its surrender to England
  • John Clarence Webster. Acadia at the End of the Seventeenth Century. Saint John, NB, The New Brunswick Museum, 1979.

Primary Sources

Coordinates: 45°16′23.9″N 66°3′47.9″W / 45.273306°N 66.063306°W / 45.273306; -66.063306

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