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Nicolò Pasqualigo
Born 27 July 1770
Died 13 January 1821
Place of birth Venice
Place of death Venice (aged 50)
Allegiance Republic of Venice Most Serene Republic of Venice 1786-1797
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Kingdom of Italy 1805-1814
Austrian Empire Austrian Empire 1815-1821
Rank Austrian Empire Ship-of-the-line Captain
Battles/wars Battle of Lissa (1811)

Nicolò Pasqualigo (27 July 1770 - 13 January 1821) was an Italian navy officer and a Venetian patrician who served in the navies of the Most Serene Republic of Venice, the Kingdom of Italy and the Austrian Empire.

Biography[]

A son of Venice[]

He started his service on board of the galleys of the Venetian Navy as nobile di nave (a rank roughly equal to Midshipman in the contemporary Royal Navy), when almost all the young men of his social class tried the best they could to avoid the perils of the military career, both on land or at the sea. Shortly after, he asked and obtained to be transferred on board of the Armada Grossa, the sailing warships' Division of Venice, and distinguished himself under the command of Angelo Emo in 1788, during the victorious campaign against the Bey of Tunis.[1]

Subsequently, he was awarded with the rank of sopra-comito (commander of a galley) in Dalmatia. In this position he was surprised by the surrender of Venice in 1797.

The Italian Kingdom[]

In 1810 he distinguished himself in the first Franco-Italian attempt to conquer the island of Lissa. In the following year he was the commander, with the rank of Corvette Captain, of the Italian frigate Corona, a fifth rate ship of 40 guns. During the battle he engaged the HMS Cerberus in a short-range duel, inflicting heavy damage to the enemy but receiving equal; the wreck of the French frigate Favorite with the death of Commodore Dubourdieu and the arrival of the HMS Active forced him to follow in the retreat to the east the frigates Danaé and Carolina. The Active, the only British ship still in fighting condition, quickly reached the Corona at 12.30 in the small channel between Lissa and the little island of Spalmadon. At 14.30, after a 45 minutes fight resulting in a fire that broke up aboard of his ship, he was forced to struck his colour in surrender.

References[]

  1. Giovanbattista Contarini,"Menzioni Onorifiche de'defunti del nostro secolo", 1844,Venice.

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