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Asmus Nicolai Clausen
File:File:Nicolai Clausen.jpg
Born (1911-06-02)2 June 1911
Died 16 May 1943(1943-05-16) (age 76)
Place of birth Flensburg
Place of death South Atlantic
33°55′N 20°35′W / 33.917°N 20.583°W / 33.917; -20.583
Allegiance Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of Weimar Republic (jack).svg Reichsmarine
War Ensign of Germany (1938–1945).svg Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1929–1943
Rank Korvettenkapitän (posthumous)
Commands held U-142
U-37
U-129
U-182
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Asmus Nicolai Clausen (2 June 1911 – 16 May 1943) was a German U-boat commander of the Second World War. He is credited with sinking 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied shipping. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language:Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Clausen and U-182 were lost with all hands, sunk on 16 May 1943 by the American destroyers USS MacKenzie and USS Lamb.

Summary of careerEdit

Ships attackedEdit

As a U-boat commander of U-37, U-129 and U-182 Nicolai Clausen is credited with the sinking of 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) and sinking one French submarine, the Sfax (Q 182), of 1,379 metric tons (1,357 long tons; 1,520 short tons).

Date U-boat Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[1][2][3]
1 December 1940 U-37 Palmella Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1,578 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Gwalia Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 1,258 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Jeanne M. Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 2,465 Sunk
4 December 1940 U-37 Daphne Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 1,513 Sunk
16 December 1940 U-37 San Carlos Flag of Spain.svg Spain 223 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Rhône Flag of France.svg France 2,785 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Sfax (Q 182) Flag of France.svg France 1,379 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Courland Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1,325 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Estrellano Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1,983 Sunk
10 February 1941 U-37 Brandenburg Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1,473 Sunk
7 March 1941 U-37 Mentor Flag of Greece.svg Greece 3,050 Sunk
12 March 1941 U-37 Petursey Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland 91 Sunk
20 February 1942 U-129 Nordvangen Flag of Norway.svg Norway 2,400 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 George L. Torian Flag of Canada.svg Canada 1,754 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 Lennox Flag of Canada.svg Canada 1,904 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 West Zeda US flag 48 stars.svg United States 5,658 Sunk
28 February 1942 U-129 Bayou Flag of Panama.svg Panama 2,605 Sunk
3 March 1942 U-129 Mary US flag 48 stars.svg United States 5,104 Sunk
7 March 1942 U-129 Steel Age US flag 48 stars.svg United States 6,188 Sunk
15 January 1943 U-182 Ocean Courage Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 7,173 Sunk
17 February 1943 U-182 Llanashe Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 4,836 Sunk
10 March 1943 U-182 Richard D. Spaight US flag 48 stars.svg United States 7,177 Sunk
5 April 1943 U-182 Aloe Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 5,047 Sunk
1 May 1943 U-182 Adelfotis Flag of Greece.svg Greece 5,838 Sunk

AwardsEdit

Wehrmachtbericht referenceEdit

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Thursday, 12 March 1942 Bei den Unternehmungen in Amerikanischen Gewässern zeichneten sie die Unterseeboote unter Führung der Kapitänleutnante Achilles und Nico Clausen besonders aus.[6]

Submarines under the commands of Kapitänleutnante Achilles and Nico Clausen distinguished themselves in operations in the American sea.

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. "Ships hit by U-37 - U-boat Successes - German U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u37/html. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  2. "Ships hit by U-129 - U-boat Successes - German U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u129.html. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  3. "Ships hit by U-182 - U-boat Successes - German U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u182.html. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Busch and Röll 2003, p. 196.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 154.
  6. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 54.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
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External linksEdit


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