|Nikopol–Krivoy Rog Offensive|
|Part of the Eastern Front of World War II|
Tiger Is of the III Panzer Corps, February 1944
|Nazi Germany||Soviet Union|
|Commanders and leaders|
Günther von Kluge|
540 000 men in pocket|
327 tanks in pocket
2416 artillery pieces in pocket
705 000 men|
238 tanks (reinforcement)
7796 artillery pieces and mortars
|Casualties and losses|
|40 000 killed, missing and wounded|
Nikopol-Krivoy Rog offensive was an offensive of the Red Army against the German forces during World War II.
Held from January 30 to February 29, 1944 troops of the 3rd and 4th Ukrainian Fronts to defeat Nikopol-Krivoy Rog enemy forces, the elimination of its Nikopol bridgehead on the Dnieper and the liberation of Nikopol and Krivoy Rog. Part of the Dnieper-Carpathian strategic offensive operation. On the occasion of the release of Nikopol and Krivoy Rog in Moscow was given a salute to the 20th artillery salvoes from 224's guns.
Situation[edit | edit source]
The area of Nikopol has rich deposits of manganese, used in Germany for the production high-strength steel. Hitler has repeatedly stressed the crucial importance of this area "As Nikopol manganese, its importance to us all can not be expressed in words. Loss of Nikopol (on the Dnieper, the south-west of Zaporozhye) would mean the end of war. "In addition, the bridgehead on the left bank of the Dnieper left the German command a strike in order to restore the land connection with the group of forces locked in the Crimea.
During the first half of January, Soviet troops made repeated attempts to eliminate the Nikopol-Krivoy Rog enemy group, but because of the stubborn resistance of German troops did not achieve success.
Powers[edit | edit source]
Red[edit | edit source]
- 37th Army
- 46th Army
- 8th Guards Army
- 6th Army
- 5th Shock Army
- 4th Guards Mechanized Corps
- 17th Air Army
- 3rd Guards Army
Part forces of the 4th Ukrainian Front
Total 705 000, 7796 guns and mortars, 238 tanks and self-propelled guns, 1333 aircraft
Germany[edit | edit source]
- 6th Army (Wehrmacht) (Colonel-General Karl-Adolf Hollidt) consisting of:
- 57 Panzer Corps
- Cabinet group "Schwerin"
- 17th Army Corps
- 4th Army Corps
- 40 Panzer Corps
- 29th Army Corps
- Part of the forces of the Luftflotte 4 (Colonel-General Otto Dessloh)
Total 540 000, 2416 guns and mortars, 327 tanks and assault guns, and 700 aircraft
References[edit | edit source]
- Nash, p. 382
- Krivosheev, p. 109
- Numbers of Soviet AFVs, aircraft, and guns taken from Frieser, p. 395
- Glantz, David, Soviet Military Deception in the Second World War, Frank Cass, London, (1989) ISBN 0-7146-3347-X
- Alan Clark, Barbarossa, Harper Perennial, New York, 1985 ISBN 978-0-688-04268-4
- John Erickson, The Road To Berlin: Stalin's War With Germany Vol.2, WESTVIEW PRESS, London, 1983
- Perry Moore (Design), Warren Kingsley, C. Rawling (Development), Against the Odds: KesselSchlacht (Ukraine Spring 1944), LPS, 2002
- Bryan Perrett, Knights of the Black Cross: Hitler's Panzerwaffe and Its Leaders.
- Carl Wagener, Der Ausbruch der 1. Panzerarmee aus dem Kessel von Kamenez-Podolsk März/April 1944.
- Encirclement of a Panzer Army Near Kamenets-Podolskiy (chapter 6 of Operations of Encircled Forces, United States Department of the Army).
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