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Nils-Olof Hederén
Birth name Nils-Olof Hederén
Nickname "Olle"
Born (1908-04-13)13 April 1908
Died 9 January 1976(1976-01-09) (aged 67)
Place of birth Stockholm, Sweden
Buried at Norra begravningsplatsen
Allegiance Sweden
Service/branch Swedish Army
Years of service 1931–?
Rank Colonel
Unit South Scanian Infantry Regiment
ONUC
Jämtland Rifle Regiment
Battles/wars Congo Crisis

Nils-Olof "Olle" Hederén (13 April 1908 – 1976) was a Swedish Army officer.

Career[edit | edit source]

Early life and career[edit | edit source]

Hederén was born in Stockholm, Sweden, the son of Anton Hederén, an engineer, and his wife Agnes Ohlsson.[1] He passed studentexamen in 1928 and became fänrik in the South Scanian Infantry Regiment (I 7) in 1931. Hederén was a teacher at the Infantry Combat School (Infanteriets stridsskola, InfSS) from 1936 to 1939 and attended the Royal Swedish Army Staff College from 1940 to 1942 and was again a teacher at the Infantry Combat School from 1942 to 1946. He became major in the staff of the I. Military Area in 1949 and served in the British Army in 1951 and in 1952. Hederén served in the Jämtland Rifle Regiment (I 5) in 1953 and was promoted to lieutenant colonel there in 1957. In 1958 Hederén served in the French Army and in 1959 he served at the Army Staff. Hederén was appointed Inspector of the Infantry in the Army Staff in 1959.[1] Beside his military career, Hederén was also chairman of the I 5's Shooting Association (I 5:s skytteförening) from 1954 to 1959, secretary in the Swedish Shooting Sport Federation from 1945 to 1947 and Secretary General of the 1947 ISSF World Shooting Championships. He was also a board member of Jämtland County Shooting Association from 1954 to 1959, Swedish Military Sports Federation in 1958 and of the International Modern Pentathlon Union in 1960.[1]

Congo Crisis[edit | edit source]

He was commander of the Swedish Battalion XVIII K from October 1962 to April 1963 and commander of the Swedish Battalion XX K from April 1963 to December 1963.[2] He was the military chief of the Kamina Base and Sector Kamina in the State of Katanga. During this time, the Katangan resistance against Congo's central government was definitively crushed and the breakaway province of Katanga was integrated back into the Congolese government formation. Hederén experienced the final stage of the UN's mandate at the Kamina Base, since it had been maintained and guarded by UN staff for nearly four years. He was the initiator of the reconstruction of the Bukama Bridge and of a major medicine collection for the benefit of the population of Sector Kamina.[3]

Personal life[edit | edit source]

On 22 October 1938 he married Gunilla Breitholtz (1915–1995), the daughter of captain Gösta Breitholtz and Eva Breitholtz.[1] He was the father of Eva Hederén Flygt (born 1941) and Suzanne Hederén Hultberg (born 1945).[4] Hederén died on 9 January 1976 and was buried at Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.[5]

Awards and decorations[edit | edit source]

Hederén's awards:[1]

  • Knight of the Order of the Sword
  • Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog
  • Knight First Class of the Order of the Lion of Finland
  • King Christian X's Liberty Medal
  • Jämtland County Schooting Association's Gold Medal (Jämtlands läns skytteförbunds guldmedalj)
  • Swedish Women's Voluntary Defence Service' Siler Medal (Riksförbundet Sveriges lottakårers silvermedalj)
  • Northern Scania Officers Union's Silver Medal (Norra skånska befälsförbundets silvermedalj)
  • Swedish Sport Shooting Association's Silver Medal (Svenska sportskytteförbundets silvermedalj)
  • Finland Shooting Association's Gold Medal of Merit (Finlands skytteförbunds förtjänstmedalj i guld)
  • Norwegian Shooting Association's Silver Medal (Norges skytteförbunds silvermedalj)

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Hederén, Olle (1965) (in sv). Afrikanskt mellanspel: en berättelse om händelserna på Kaminabasen 1960-1964. Östra Ryd: L.G. Säflund. 692014. 

References[edit | edit source]

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