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Nissan Island Airport
IATA: IIS – ICAO: AYIA
Papua New Guinea location map
Airplane silhouette.svg
Nissan Island
Location of airport in Papua New Guinea
Summary
Location Nissan Island, Papua New Guinea
Elevation AMSL 100 ft / 30 m
Coordinates 4°30′00″S 154°13′35.76″E / 4.5°S 154.2266°E / -4.5; 154.2266
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 1,200 3,937
Source: PNG Airstrip Guide[1]

Nissan Island Airport (IATA: IIS, ICAO: AYIA) is an airfield serving Nissan Island, in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea.[1] It resides at an elevation of 100 feet (30 m) above mean sea level and has a 1,200-metre (3,937 ft) runway designated 14/32.[1]

HistoryEdit

World War IIEdit

Lagoon Airfield
Ocean Airfield
Nissan Island
Type Military Airfield
Coordinates Latitude:
Longitude:
Built 1944
Built by Seebees
Construction
materials
Coral
In use 1944-5
Current
condition
abandoned
Controlled by Royal New Zealand Air Force
United States Marine Corps
Battles/wars Bougainville Campaign
Operation Cartwheel

The New Zealand 3rd Division landed on Nissan Island on 15 February 1944 as part of the Solomon Islands campaign. The U.S. Navy 22nd Construction Regiment landed with the New Zealanders and began building support facilities. Work on a fighter airstrip began on 20 February and by 5 March a coral-surfaced 5,000 feet (1,500 m) by 150 feet (46 m) fighter runway known as Lagoon Airfield was ready for use and aircraft carried out the first attack on Kavieng. In late March a parallel 6,000 feet (1,800 m) by 150 feet (46 m) bomber runway known as Ocean Airfield was ready for use, it was later lengthened to 7,300 feet (2,200 m). Additional airfield facilities such as road and taxiways and a tank farm were also constructed. Construction had been extremely difficuly with dense foliage and large trees needing to be removed, rock blasting was necessary, and all coral used for filling had to be quarried at distant locations.[2]

US Navy units based at Nissan Island included:

F4U-1A Corsair VF-17 on Green Island 1944

F4U-1A Corsair of VF-17 on Green Island in 1944

USMC units based at Nissan Island included:

Royal New Zealand Air Force units based at Nissan Island included:

F4U-1 RNZAF maintenance Green Island 1944

An F4U of 16 Squadron being serviced in December 1944

Lockheed PV-1s RNZAF Green Island 1944

RNZAF Venturas in December 1944

In late 1944 airfield roll-up activities were commenced and were completed by August 1945.[10]

PostwarEdit

Lagoon Airfield was abandoned after the war, while Ocean Airfield remained in use as a civilian airfield.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

No known scheduled services.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 PNG Airstrip Guide. August 2005.
  2. Building the Navy's Bases in World War II History of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and the Civil Engineer Corps 1940-1946. US Government Printing Office. 1947. p. 274. 
  3. Ross, 1955, p. 321
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ross, 1955, p. 322
  5. Ross, 1955, p. 325
  6. 6.0 6.1 Ross, 1955, p. 326
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ross, 1955, p. 327
  8. 8.0 8.1 Ross, 1955, p. 328
  9. Ross, 1955, p. 329
  10. Bases, p.276

External linksEdit

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