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No. 10 Group RAF
File:No 10 Group RAF Crest.jpg
Group Crest
Country Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Service history
Active 1918 - 1945
Role Defence of South western England and Southern Wales
Part of RAF Fighter Command
Motto Challenge
Commanders
Insignia

No. 10 Group of the Royal Air Force is a disbanded group.

HistoryEdit

It was formed on 1 April 1918 in No. 2 Area. On 8 May of the next year it was transferred to South-Western Area. In 1919 it was transferred to Coastal Area where it remained until it was disbanded on 18 January 1932.

The group was re-formed on 1 June 1940 within Fighter Command to enable neighbouring No. 11 Group to function more efficiently. Its area of operation was the south-western region of England. Commanded by Air Vice Marshal Sir Quintin Brand, 10 Group supported 11 Group in the Battle of Britain by rotating squadrons, providing additional fighter support when needed, and supplying additional pilots. The Air Officer Commanding (AOC) of 11 Group, Air Vice Marshal Keith Park, had a far warmer relationship with Brand than with the AOC of 12 Group, Air Vice Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory, who regarded Park with jealousy.[1]

As well as providing support for 11 Group, 10 Group also had some squadrons of aircraft that could not be risked in the Battle of Britain (Gloster Gladiator, Boulton Paul Defiant).

Brown's Quarry, a small quarry north of Tunnel Quarry, was converted into an underground operations centre for HQ No. 10 Group, RAF Box.[2]

After the Battle of Britain, 10 Group also provided fighter cover missions for convoys approaching and leaving the British Isles. Pilots rotated into 10 Group from either 12 or 13 Group knew that soon they would go over to 11 Group, so the pilots took advantage of their comparatively safer area of operation to hone their skills.

No. 10 Group was reabsorbed into No. 11 Group on 2 May 1945.

Order of Battle 1 August 1940Edit

Squadrons included:[3]

CommandAircraftLocation/StatusNotes
HQ, No. 10 Group RAF Box AVM Sir Christopher Brand
Pembrey Sector RAF Pembrey Wing Commander J.H. Hutchinson
No. 92 Squadron RAF Supermarine Spitfire Sqn Leader P.J. Sanders
Filton Sector RAF Filton Gp Capt R. Hanmer
No. 87 Squadron RAF Hawker Hurricane
No. 213 Squadron RAF Hurricane
Fighter Section, St. Eval Sector RAF St Eval Gp Capt L.G. le B. Croke
No. 234 Squadron RAF Spitfire
Flight, No. 247 Squadron RAF Gloster Gladiator
Middle Wallop Sector RAF Middle Wallop Wg Cdr D. Roberts
No. 152 Squadron RAF Spitfire
No. 238 Squadron RAF Hurricane
No. 604 Squadron RAF Bristol Blenheim
No. 609 Squadron RAF Spitfire

CommandersEdit

The following officers have been in command of 10 Group:[4]

1918 to 1932Edit

  • 1 April 1918 Lieutenant Colonel (later Colonel) A W Bigsworth
  • 1 August 1919 Group Captain H P Smyth Osbourne
  • 27 July 1921 Group Captain J L Forbes
  • 1 December 1924 Air Commodore E A D Masterman
  • 6 April 1928 Air Commodore T C R Higgins
  • 1 November 1929 Air Commodore A W Bigsworth
  • 1 October 1931 Wing Commander L C Kemble (possibly a temporary appointment)
  • 1 November 1931 Group Captain (later Air Commodore) N J Gill

1940 to 1945Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit



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