|No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School RAAF|
Student pilot preparing to board a Wackett Trainer at No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School in Benalla, Victoria, c. 1942
|Branch||Royal Australian Air Force|
|Role||Introductory flying training|
|Part of||Southern Area Command|
|Battles||World War II|
No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School (No. 11 EFTS) was a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) pilot training unit that operated during World War II. It was one of twelve elementary flying training schools employed by the RAAF to provide introductory flight instruction to new pilots as part of Australia's contribution to the Empire Air Training Scheme. No. 11 EFTS was established in June 1941 at Benalla, Victoria, and operated Tiger Moths and Wackett Trainers during the war. It ceased training in July 1945 after almost 3,000 students had passed through, and was re-formed as Care and Maintenance Unit (CMU) Benalla in February 1946. CMU Benalla was disbanded in October 1948.
As part of Australia's commitment to the Empire Air Training Scheme (EATS), the RAAF established twelve elementary flying training schools in 1940 and 1941. The role of these units was to provide a twelve-week introductory flying training course to new pilots who had graduated from one of the RAAF's initial training schools. Flying training was undertaken in two stages: the first involved four weeks of instruction (including ten hours of flying), which were used to determine trainees' suitability to become pilots. Those that passed this grading process then received a further eight weeks of training (including 65 hours of flying) at the elementary training school. Pilots who successfully completed this course were posted to a service flying training school in either Australia or Canada for the next stage of their instruction as military aviators.
No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School (No. 11 EFTS) was formed at Benalla, Victoria, on 26 June 1941, and came under the control of Southern Area Command. Its inaugural commanding officer was Squadron Leader I.C.C. Thomson. Before being taken over by the RAAF, Benalla was an emergency runway for civil aircraft on the journey between Sydney and Melbourne. No. 11 EFTS's infrastructure, which included medical facilities and two satellite airstrips, had been budgeted at some £85,000, primarily for buildings and engineering works. When the school opened, however, only stores depots and living quarters for the 100-odd staff were completed; instructional courses, which commenced on 24 July, were initially held in tents near the main airstrip. No hangars were constructed for the de Havilland Tiger Moth training aircraft until towards the end of the year.
Flying at Benalla was hampered by bad weather, and the runway was unusable from September to November 1941, necessitating the detachment of over 250 personnel to Essendon, home of No. 3 EFTS, to continue their training. In October, six airmen of No. 11 EFTS were court-martialled for mutiny. Their main grievance was having to undertake guard duty at night and attend parades at 7:15 am in addition to their regular ground support work. One of the men was found guilty of incitement and the other five for failing to report their knowledge of the matter to the commanding officer. The former was sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment and the others to between five and six months detention; all were discharged from the Air Force. On 11 December 1941, one of the school's Tiger Moths made a crash landing in a field and struck four people on the ground, killing two and injuring the others; the two pilots were uninjured. The outbreak of war in the Pacific saw slit trenches being dug at the base.
The school began replacing its Tiger Moths with CAC Wackett Trainers in January 1942. No. 11 EFTS absorbed No. 3 EFTS's instructors, students and Wackett Trainers in April, shortly before the latter unit disbanded. The same month at Benalla, 32 United States Army Air Corps pilots undertook four weeks of flying in the Wacketts. On 5 September 1942, one of the Wacketts crashed after apparently stalling on takeoff, killing the trainee and seriously injuring the pilot. The Wackett Trainers were taken out of service for upgrades in February 1943, and the school again began operating Tiger Moths. One pilot was killed and another seriously injured when their Tiger Moths collided shortly after takeoff on 15 June. On 7 July, one of the Tiger Moths crashed during a night-flying exercise just east of Benalla, killing both pilots. Another Tiger Moth and its pilot were lost in a crash west of Benalla on 20 October 1943. On 14 May 1944, a pilot was killed and a trainee seriously injured when their Tiger Moth spun out of control during an instrument test north of Benalla.
Flying training at No. 11 EFTS had largely wound down by May 1945. Ten students from the Netherlands East Indies underwent courses in June, and in July all instruction stopped, by which time 2,953 trainees had attended the school. No. 11 EFTS's facilities were used to establish Care and Maintenance Unit (CMU) Benalla on 28 February 1946. It was one of many CMUs that the RAAF raised after the war for the storage and upkeep of surplus aircraft prior to their disposal. CMU Benalla was responsible for maintaining North American P-51 Mustangs. It transferred all its aircraft to CMU Tocumwal, New South Wales, on 15 October 1948, and disbanded the same day.
A memorial to No. 11 EFTS was dedicated at Benalla on 17 June 1995.
- ↑ "Elementary Flying Training Schools". RAAF Museum. http://www.airforce.gov.au/raafmuseum/research/units/efts.htm. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- ↑ RAAF Historical Section (1995), pp. 15–35
- ↑ Stephens (2006), pp. 68–70
- ↑ Gillison (1962), pp. 106–109
- ↑ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 RAAF Historical Section (1995), pp. 33–34
- ↑ Ashworth (2000), p. 34
- ↑ "Flying school". Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 21 April 1941. p. 9. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8154773. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "Courtmartial at Benalla". Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 3 October 1941. p. 5. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8208472. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "Sentences on airmen". Benalla: National Library of Australia. 31 October 1941. p. 1. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65974223. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "Two men hit by plane and killed". Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 11 December 1941. p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article131971679. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "Tiger Moth A17-139". Tiger Moth A17 [Accidents Part 6]. National Archives of Australia. 1940–44. pp. 13–14. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=7127151. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ RAAF Historical Section (1995), pp. 18–19
- ↑ "Wackett Trainer A3-92". Wackett Trainer [Accidents Part 2]. National Archives of Australia. 1941–44. pp. 49–50. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=6950543. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "A17-96 with A17-537". Tiger Moth A17 [Accidents Part 23]. National Archives of Australia. 1941–44. pp. 11–12. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=7127547. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "Tiger Moth N-9258". Tiger Moth RAF serial numbers [Accidents Part 1]. National Archives of Australia. 1940–44. pp. 25–26. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=7127265. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "Tiger Moth A17-144 (Thorburn)". Tiger Moth A17 [Accidents Part 6]. National Archives of Australia. 1940–44. pp. 17–18. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=7127151. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ "Tiger Moth A17-428". Tiger Moth A17 [Accidents Part 14]. National Archives of Australia. 1941–45. pp. 31–33. http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=7127228. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- ↑ Stephens (1995), pp. 12–13
- ↑ AWM, Squadrons, Formations & Units of the Royal Australian Air Force and Their Deployment, p. 18
- ↑ "Royal Australian Air Force Memorial". Monument Australia. http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/conflict/ww2/display/98942-royal-australian-air-force-memorial. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Works consulted
- Ashworth, Norman (2000). How Not to Run an Air Force! The Higher Command of the Royal Australian Air Force During the Second World War: Volume 2. Canberra: Air Power Studies Centre. ISBN 0-642-26550-X. http://airpower.airforce.gov.au/Publications/Details/241/How-Not-To-Run-An-Air-Force-Volume-2.aspx.
- Australian War Memorial (AWM) (1995). Squadrons, Formations & Units of the Royal Australian Air Force and Their Deployment. Canberra: Unpublished monograph held by the AWM Research Centre.
- Gillison, Douglas (1962). Australia in the War of 1939–1945: Series Three (Air) Volume I – Royal Australian Air Force 1939–1942. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. OCLC 2000369. http://www.awm.gov.au/histories/second_world_war/volume.asp?levelID=67912.
- RAAF Historical Section (1995). Units of the Royal Australian Air Force: A Concise History. Volume 8: Training Units. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644-42800-7.
- Stephens, Alan (1995). Going Solo: The Royal Australian Air Force 1946–1971. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644-42803-1. http://airpower.airforce.gov.au/Publications/Details/214/Going-Solo-The-Royal-Australian-Air-Force-19461971.aspx.
- Stephens, Alan (2006) . The Royal Australian Air Force: A History. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555541-4.
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