No. 189 Squadron was a Royal Air Force squadron.
History[edit | edit source]
No. 189 Squadron was formed at Ripon on 20 December 1917 as a night-flying training unit, moving shortly afterwards to Sutton's Farm to continue their work until the end of World War I. On 1 March 1919, the squadron was disbanded.
The squadron was re-formed as part of No. 5 Group RAF on 15 October 1944 at RAF Bardney near the village of Bardney in Lincolnshire. They flew Lancaster bombers in raids over occupied Europe towards the end of World War II in 1944 and 1945.
The unit was mixed, with many personnel from other parts of the Commonwealth including Australians, New Zealanders and Canadians.
No. 189 Squadron was among the 107 Lancasters and 12 Mosquitos of No 5 Group which attacked the oil refinery in Tonsberg in Southern Norway on 25 April 1945 in the last raid of the war flown by heavy bombers of RAF Bomber Command.
After the war the unit was involved in dropping food to the Dutch and repatriating POWs until it was disbanded on 20 November 1945.
Aircraft operated[edit | edit source]
- 1917 - Avro 504K
- 1917 - Royal Aircraft Factory BE2e
- 1917 - Sopwith Pup
- 1918 - Sopwith Camel
- 1944 - Avro Lancaster I and III
Example of Operations[edit | edit source]
The following sortie details are taken from the operations record book for 189 sqdn.
|DATE||AIRCRAFT TYPE & NUMBER||CREW||DUTY||TIME UP||TIME DOWN||DETAILS OF SORTIE OR FLIGHT|
|3 March 1945||LANC.1 ME.374||
|LADBERGEN||1835||0035||LADBERGEN. 22051⁄2 hrs. 8,800 ft.
Target attacked on 3rd run, on 1st run attacked by fighter. R.T.I clearly seen in break in cloud. Flares seen well, N of A/P. Met. good. Red and green T.I.'s seen on 3rd run. Mod. amount of flak over target but not heavy. Considered successful sortie.
|7/8 March 1945||LANC.1 PB.879||
|HARBURG||1808||0101||HARBURG. 22071⁄2 hrs. 11,000 ft.
Numerous explosions Orange, black smoke rising 4,500 ft. Concentrated large fires over the whole area 2209 hrs. Target was identified visually and marking very good. A large number of fires were burning right on the target and it was a very good effort. Considered successful sortie.
|23 April 1945||LANC.1 PB.732||
|FLENSBURG||15121⁄2||2033||FLENSBURG. 10/10ths S/Cu, tops 6-8000'. A/C jettisoning from coast to Wash on way home. Sortie completed.|
|25 April 1945||LANC.1 PB.732||
|TONSBERG||20341⁄2||0321||TONSBERG. 2347 hrs, 9,500'.
Bombing appeared well concentrated, two large explosions seen before bombing and one very large one at 23471⁄2 with quantities of smoke. Marking thought to be good. Sortie completed.
See also[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
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