|No. 275 Squadron RAF|
|Active||15 October 1941 – 1 September 1959|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
Latin: Non interibunt|
("They shall not perish")
|Squadron Badge||A walrus' head erased|
|Squadron Codes||PV (Oct 1941 - Feb 1945)|
No. 275 Squadron RAF was a Royal Air Force air-sea rescue squadron that served between 1941 and 1959.
History[edit | edit source]
No. 275 Squadron RAF was formed at RAF Valley on 15 October 1941 for air-sea rescue duties in the Irish sea, the first aircraft being Lysanders Mk.IIIa's. Later in the year Walruses were added to the Squadron followed by Defiants, Spitfires and Ansons.
In April 1944 the Squadron moved to RAF Warmwell to cover the sea area between England and Normandy. Air-sea rescue missions continued until 15 February 1945 when the Squadron was disbanded at RAF Harrowbeer.
No. 275 squadron was reformed at RAF Linton-on-Ouse as a sea and rescue Squadron to provide cover over the North Sea on March 1953 equipped with Sycamore HR.13 and HR.14 Helicopters, later relocating to RAF Thornaby on 18 November 1954 and remaining at Thornaby until October 1957 when the Squadron moved to RAF Leconfield. In March 1959 the unit converted to the Whirlwind HAR.4 helicopter, but on 1 September 1959 the Squadron was renumbered to No. 228 Squadron RAF and No. 275 ceased to exist.
Aircraft operated[edit | edit source]
|Oct 1941||Aug 1943||Westland Lysander||Mk.IIIa|
|Dec 1941||Feb 1945||Supermarine Walrus||Mks.I, II|
|May 1942||Aug 1943||Boulton Paul Defiant||Mks.I, Ia|
|Jan 1943||Apr 1943||Supermarine Spitfire||Mk.Vb|
|Mar 1943||Aug 1944||Avro Anson||Mk.I|
|Apr 1944||Feb 1945||Supermarine Spitfire||Mk.Vb|
|Apr 1953||Sep 1959||Bristol Sycamore||HR.13, HR.14|
|Jan 1954||Aug 1954||Taylorcraft Auster||AOP.5|
|Feb 1954||May 1955||Hiller||HTE-2|
|Jul 1954||Mar 1956||de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk||T.10|
|Jul 1954||Sep 1959||Avro Anson||T.21|
|Mar 1959||Sep 1959||Westland Whirlwind||HAR.2, HAR.4|
Squadron bases[edit | edit source]
|15 Oct 1941||14 Apr 1944||RAF Valley||Formed here|
|30 Nov 1941||25 Apr 1944||RAF Andreas||Detachment|
|30 May 1943||14 Apr 1944||RAF Eglinton||Detachment|
|14 Apr 1944||7 Aug 1944||RAF Warmwell|
|7 Aug 1944||18 Oct 1944||RAF Bolt Head|
|7 Aug 1944||15 Feb 1945||RAF Portreath||Detachment|
|18 Oct 1944||10 Jan 1945||RAF Exeter|
|18 Oct 1944||15 Feb 1945||RAF Bolt Head||Detachment|
|10 Jan 1945||15 Feb 1945||RAF Harrowbeer||Disbanded here|
|1 Mar 1953||18 Nov 1954||RAF Linton-on-Ouse||Re-formed here|
|18 Nov 1954||9 Oct 1957||RAF Thornaby|
|9 Oct 1957||1 Sep 1959||RAF Leconfield||Disbanded here|
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Halley 1988, p. 342.
- Rawlings 1982, p. 250.
- Jefford 2001, p. 84.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force and Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd). RAF Squadrons: A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of All RAF Squadrons and Their Antecedents Since 1912, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 1853100536. (second revised edition 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.)
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
[edit | edit source]
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