|No. 279 Squadron RAF|
One of No. 279 Squadron's Avro Lancasters carrying a lifeboat in December 1945
|Active||16 Nov 1941 – 10 Mar 1946|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Motto(s)||To See and be Seen|
|Squadron Badge heraldry||Above waves of the sea, nine flashes of lightning|
OS (Nov 1941 - Nov 1944)|
RL (Nov 1944 - Mar 1946)
History[edit | edit source]
No 279 Squadron was formed at RAF Bircham Newton on 16 November 1941. It was originally equipped with Lockheed Hudson fitted, from 1943, to carry Mark I airborne lifeboats. Detachments of the squadron were stationed at several RAF stations in the south-west of England between April 1942 and December 1943 to provide an air-sea rescue capability over the Bay of Biscay and Western Approaches.
In October 1944 No 279 Squadron was transferred to RAF Thornaby and re-equipped with Vickers Warwick aircraft. The squadron subsequently deployed detachments to RAF airfields in the north of Scotland to provide support to patrol and strike squadrons. Following the end of the war the Warwicks were replaced with Avro Lancasters in September 1945. These were flown until the squadron was disbanded on 10 March 1946 at RAF Beccles by being renumbered to No. 38 Squadron. A detachment had left in January 1946 for Pegu in Burma and upon arrival there around March was designated 1348 Air Sea Rescue Flight.
Aircraft operated[edit | edit source]
|November 1941||November 1944||Lockheed Hudson||Mks. III, V, VI|
|November 1944||September 1945||Vickers Warwick||ASR Mks.I, VI|
|April 1945||June 1945||Hawker Hurricane||Mks.IIc, IV|
|July 1945||September 1945||Supermarine Sea Otter||Mk.II|
|September 1945||March 1946||Avro Lancaster||ASR.3|
Squadron locations[edit | edit source]
|16 November 1941||14 October 1944||RAF Bircham Newton||Posted|
|28 April 1942||29 May 1942||RAF Sumburgh||Detachment|
|29 June 1942||1942||RAF Benbecula||Detachment|
|15 July 1942||1942||RAF Leuchars||Detachment|
|26 July 1942||15 August 1942||RAF Reykjavik, Iceland||Detachment|
|14 August 1942||15 August 1942||RAF Thorney Island||Detachment|
|15 August 1942||19 August 1942||RAF Chivenor||Detachment|
|23 August 1942||5 February 1943||RAF St Eval||Detachment|
|25 September 1942||1942||RAF Beaulieu||Detachment|
|5 February 1943||9 June 1943||RAF Davidstow Moor||Detachment|
|9 June 1943||14 December 1943||RAF Harrowbeer||Detachment|
|28 September 1943||1945||RAF Wick||Detachment|
|1 January 1944||1 August 1944||RAF Reykjavik, Iceland||Detachment|
|1 October 1944||September 1945||RAF Tain||Detachment|
|1 October 1944||September 1945||RAF Wick||Detachment|
|14 October 1944||3 September 1945||RAF Thornaby||Posted|
|31 October 1944||27 December 1944||RAF Banff||Detachment|
|27 December 1944||September 1945||RAF Fraserburgh||Detachment|
|26 May 1945||September 1945||RAF Reykjavik, Iceland||Detachment|
|July 1945||September 1945||RAF Banff||Detachment|
|3 September 1945||10 March 1946||RAF Beccles||Posted|
References[edit | edit source]
- Halley 1988, p. 345.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 80.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 96.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 90.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 104.
- "History of No. 279 Squadron". Royal Air Force History. Royal Air Force. http://www.raf.mod.uk/history_old/h279.html. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Docherty 2007, p. 207.
- Rawlings 1982, p. 251.
- Docherty 2007, pp. 210-217.
- Docherty 2007, p. 209.
- Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
- Delve, Ken. The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
- Docherty, Tom (2007). Dinghy Drop : 279 Squadron at War 1941-1946. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England: Pen & Sword Aviation. ISBN 1-84415-482-3.
- Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
- Lake, Alan. Flying Units of the RAF: The ancestry, formation and disbandment of all flying units from 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1999. ISBN 1-84037-086-6.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to No. 279 Squadron RAF.|
- RAF Bircham Newton
- Squadron histories for nos. 276-280 Squadron on RafWeb's Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|