|No. 2 Squadron RAAF|
A RAAF Boeing 737 AEW&C aircraft in 2009
|Branch||Royal Australian Air Force|
|Role||Airborne early warning and control|
|Part of||Surveillance & Response Group, No. 42 Wing|
|Base||RAAF Base Williamtown|
|Motto(s)||"Consilio et manu"|
|Decorations||Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation (South Vietnam)|
Oswald Watt (1916–18)|
Alan Charlesworth (1939)
Peter Raw (1953–1955)
History[edit | edit source]
World War I[edit | edit source]
No. 2 Squadron was established as a unit of the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) at Heliopolis, Egypt, initially flying Airco DH.5 fighters, and with this equipment the squadron was heavily involved as a ground attack unit during the Battle of Cambrai. The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a replaced the DH.5 in December 1917, and No.2 became a pure fighter unit, eventually producing 17 flying aces, including Francis Ryan Smith, Roy Cecil Phillipps, Roby Lewis Manuel, Henry Garnet Forrest, Adrian Cole, Eric Douglas Cummings, Richard Watson Howard, Frank Alberry, Ernest Edgar Davies, and James Wellwood.
World War II[edit | edit source]
During World War II, No. 2 Squadron operated as a bomber unit in the Pacific theatre. Equipped with Lockheed Hudson bombers, the squadron supplied Sparrow Force positions in East Timor and attacked Japanese held positions on the island.
Post-World War II[edit | edit source]
The squadron flew Avro Lincolns and English Electric Canberras in the Malayan Emergency, and Canberras in the Vietnam War. During the war, Australian Canberras flew approximately 12,000 sorties and dropped approximately 76,389 bombs. Two Canberras were shot down, one to a surface-to-air missile in which the crewmen safely ejected, and one that was possibly shot down during a bombing run. The crew of the latter aircraft were missing in action; however, the wreckage of their Canberra was finally located in April 2009 and their remains returned to Australia.
After Vietnam, No. 2 Squadron was based at RAAF Base Amberley, west of Brisbane, Queensland, until its disbandment in 1982. In the later years of the Canberra bomber's RAAF operations, it was predominately used for target towing and aerial mapping using call sign Magpie in recognition of the squadron's emblem.
The squadron was re-formed in 2000 to operate Boeing 737 AEW&C aircraft procurred as part of Project Wedgetail, out of RAAF Base Williamtown and RAAF Base Tindal. On 26 November 2009, the RAAF accepted the first two 737 AEW&C aircraft. By the end of 2010, three additional Wedgetail aircraft are to be delivered.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- "2 Squadron – Australian Flying Corps of World War I". http://www.theaerodrome.com/services/australi/2.php. Retrieved 1 August 2006.
- Bell 2011, p. 80
- No 2 Squadron at RAAF Museum. Retrieved on 17 March 2008.
- "Boeing Delivers 2 Wedgetail AEW&C Aircraft to Royal Australian Air Force". Boeing, 26 November 2009.
References[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to No. 2 Squadron RAAF.|
- Bell, T.E. (2011). B-57 Canberra Units of the Vietnam War. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-84603-971-3.
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