307 Squadron Logo
|Active||24 August 1940 – 2 January 1947|
|Allegiance||Polish government in exile|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Part of||RAF Fighter Command|
|Squadron Codes||EW (Aug 1940 – Jan 1947)|
No. 307 (City of Lwów) Polish Night Fighter Squadron (Polish language: 307 Dywizjon Myśliwski Nocny "Lwowskich Puchaczy" ) was a Polish night fighter squadron formed in Great Britain on 24 August 1940 following an agreement between the Polish Government in Exile and the United Kingdom. It was the only Polish night fighter squadron fighting alongside the Royal Air Force during World War II. 307 Squadron is named after the Polish city of Lwów, and nicknamed "Eagle Owls".
History[edit | edit source]
The nickname "Eagle Owls" comes from fighters who defended Lwów (now Lviv; German: Lemberg) in Galicia, Poland from invading Ukrainian and Russian forces in the Polish-Ukrainian War of 1918–1919, who were referred to as the Lwów Eaglets (Polish: Orlęta Lwowskie). The nickname is also appropriate to a night fighter squadron, as the eagle owl is a predator that flies at night.
After its formal formation in Blackpool on 24 August 1940 No. 307 squadron was assembled at RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey on 5 September 1940 as a night fighter unit, flying the Boulton Paul Defiant turret-fighter and took up residence at RAF Jurby, Isle of Man. An example of the Boulton Paul Defiant, with serial number N1671, EW-D, the sole complete surviving Defiant is to be seen on display at the RAF Museum at RAF Hendon. In August 1941 the squadron converted to Beaufighters which it flew until being re-equipped with Mosquitoes in late 1942. From 1943 the squadron was based at RAF Predannack, Cornwall, and was active as a night intruder unit over airfields in occupied France. This changed in January 1945, when its role was switched to bomber support, combating German night fighters. The squadron was disbanded on 2 January 1947 after the end of World War II.
Commanding officers[edit | edit source]
|Sep 1940||Mar 1941||S/Ldr. George Charlie Tomlinson||British Officer|
|Sep 1940||Oct 1940||Kpt. Stanisław Pietraszkiewicz||Polish co-commander|
|Oct 1940||Nov 1940||Maj. Kazimierz Benz||Polish co-commander|
|Nov 1940||Jun 1941||Maj. Stanisław Grodzicki||First as co-commander, later as Squadron Leader|
|Jun 1941||Oct 1941||Kpt. Jerzy Antonowicz|
|Oct 1941||Nov 1941||Por. Maksymilian Lewandowski||temporary commander|
|Nov 1941||Aug 1942||Maj. Stanisław Brejniak||Wing Commander|
|Aug 1942||Mar 1943||Kpt. Jan Michałowski, VM, KW, DFC||Wing Commander|
|Mar 1943||Apr 1943||Kpt. Gerard Ranoszek||temporary commander|
|Apr 1943||Jan 1944||Maj. Jerzy Orzechowski||Wing Commander|
|Jan 1944||May 1944||Kpt. Maksymilian Lewandowski||Wing Commander|
|May 1944||Mar 1945||Kpt. Gerard Ranoszek||Wing Commander|
|Mar 1945||Mar 1946||Kpt. Stanisław Andrzejewski||Wing Commander|
|Mar 1946||Jan 1947||Kpt. Jerzy Damsz||Wing Commander|
Aircraft operated[edit | edit source]
|17 September 1940||August 1941||Boulton Paul Defiant||Mk.I|
|14 August 1941||May 1942||Bristol Beaufighter||Mk.IIf|
|5 May 1942||February 1943||Bristol Beaufighter||Mk.VIf|
|21 December 1942||January 1945||de Havilland Mosquito||NF.II|
|19 June 1943||October 1943||de Havilland Mosquito||NF.VI|
|22 January 1944||November 1944||de Havilland Mosquito||NF.XII, NF.XIII|
|24 October 1944||January 1947||de Havilland Mosquito||NF.30|
See also[edit | edit source]
- MV Kerlogue neutral ship attacked
- Polish Air Forces in Great Britain
- Polish contribution to World War II
- List of RAF squadrons
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Gretzyngier 1998, p. 30.
- Rawlings 1978, p. 394.
- Simpson, Andrew. "Boulton Paul Defiant I N1671/837OM: museum accession no. 74/A/16" (DOC). Royal Air Force Museum. http://www.rafmuseum.org/rafmdevelopment/london/collections/aircraft/aircraft_histories/74-A-16%20%20BP%20Defiant%20N1671.doc. Retrieved 12 January 2008. [dead link]
- Halley 1988, p. 360.
- Jefford 2001, p. 87.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Delve, Ken. The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1994. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
- Gretzyngier, Robert. Polish Aces of World War 2, Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1998.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G. RAF Squadrons: a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (Revised edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to No. 307 (Polish) Night Fighter Squadron RAF.|
- Detailed information on Squadron 307
- No. 307 Squadron Operations Record Books
- Photo Gallery of 307 Squadron
- Nos. 300–318 Squadron Histories on RAFweb
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