|No. 455 Squadron RAAF|
A No. 455 Squadron Beaufighter in 1944
|Active||23 May 1941 – 26 May 1945|
|Branch||Royal Australian Air Force|
|Part of||No. 5 Group RAF, Bomber Command (Jun 41 – Apr 42)|
|Motto(s)||Strike and strike again|
|Squadron Badge heraldry||In front of two battle axes in saltire a winged helmet|
UB (Jun 1941 – Aug 1943, Jul 1944 – May 1945)|
2 (Aug 1943 – Jul 1944)
|Bomber||Handley Page Hampden|
History[edit | edit source]
No. 455 Squadron was formed at Williamtown, New South Wales on 23 May 1941. Formed in accordance with Article XV of the Empire Air Training Scheme, the squadron was destined for service in Europe with the Royal Air Force. While the Williamtown party waited to be shipped to the UK, other personnel—these being predominantly members of the RAF—began assembling at RAF Swinderby, Lincolnshire in the United Kingdom. 455 Squadron came into existence there on 6 June 1941 and was equipped with Hampden bombers. The bulk of the Australian personnel came to join them on 1 September 1941, having been en route to the UK since 15 June. Initially assigned to No. 5 Group RAF, Bomber Command, the Squadron transferred to RAF Coastal Command on 26 April 1942 and made a deployment to Vaenga in the Soviet Union in September. No. 455 Squadron was re-equipped with Beaufighters in October 1943 and operated against German shipping off Norway and in the Baltic Sea until the end of the war. No. 455 Squadron was disbanded on 25 May 1945.
Aircraft operated[edit | edit source]
|July 1941||April 1942||Handley Page Hampden||B.Mk.I|
|April 1942||December 1943||Handley Page Hampden||TB.Mk.I|
|December 1943||May 1945||Bristol Beaufighter||Mk.X|
Squadron bases[edit | edit source]
|23 May 1941||15 June 1941||Williamtown, New South Wales||Australian formation|
|15 June 1941||1 September 1941||en route to the UK|
|6 June 1941||8 February 1942||RAF Swinderby, Lincolnshire||UK formation|
|8 February 1942||28 April 1942||RAF Wigsley, Nottinghamshire|
|28 April 1942||14 April 1944||RAF Leuchars, Fife, Scotland||Dets. at RAF Sumburgh, Shetland Islands, Scotland;|
RAF Benbecula, Outer Hebrides, Scotland;
RAF Tain, Moray, Scotland
and RAF Wick, Caithness, Scotland
|14 April 1944||20 October 1944||RAF Langham, Norfolk||Dets. at RAF Thorney Island, West Sussex|
and RAF Manston, Kent
|20 October 1944||25 May 1945||RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland|
Commanding officers[edit | edit source]
|23 May 1941||Squadron Leader J.H.W. Lawson (acting)|
|1 July 1941||Wing Commander D.J. French|
|1 July 1941||12 December 1941||Wing Commander J.E.C.G.F Gyll-Murray|
|12 December 1941||6 February 1943||Wing Commander G.M. Lindeman|
|6 February 1943||29 November 1943||Wing Commander R. Holmes|
|29 November 1943||23 October 1944||Wing Commander J.N. Davenport, DSO, DFC & Bar|
|23 October 1944||25 May 1945||Wing Commander C.G. Milson, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar|
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Gordon, Ian. Strike and strike again: 455 Squadron RAAF. Belconnen, ACT: Banner Books, 1995. ISBN 1-875593-09-8.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1964 (new edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
- Raebel, Geoffrey W. The RAAF in Russia: 455 Squadron, 1942. Loftus, New South Wales, Australia: Australian Military History Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-9586693-5-X.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
[edit | edit source]
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