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{|{{Infobox Aircraft Begin
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{|{{Infobox aircraft begin
 
|name= FJ-1 Fury
 
|name= FJ-1 Fury
 
|image= FJ-1 in flight.jpg
 
|image= FJ-1 in flight.jpg
 
|caption= A FJ-1 ''Fury'' in 1947
 
|caption= A FJ-1 ''Fury'' in 1947
 
}}
 
}}
{{Infobox Aircraft Type
+
{{Infobox aircraft type
 
|type= [[Fighter aircraft]]
 
|type= [[Fighter aircraft]]
 
|national origin = [[United States]]
 
|national origin = [[United States]]
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|}
 
|}
   
The '''North American FJ-1 Fury''' was the first operational [[jet aircraft]] in [[United States Navy]] service, and was developed by North American Aviation as the NA-135.<ref name= "FJ-1">[http://f-86.tripod.com/fj1.html "The FJ-1 Fury."] ''f-86.tripod.com.'' Retrieved: 29 April 2008.</ref> The FJ-1 was an early transitional jet of limited success which carried over similar tail surfaces, wing and canopy derived from the piston-engined [[North American P-51 Mustang|P-51D Mustang]]. The evolution of the design to incorporate [[swept wing]]s would become the basis for the land-based '''XP-86''' [[prototype]] - itself originally designed with a very similar straight-wing planform to the FJ-1 airframe - of the [[United States Air Force]]'s enormously influential [[North American F-86 Sabre|F-86 Sabre]], which itself formed the basis for the Navy's carrier-based [[North American FJ-2/-3 Fury]].
+
The '''North American FJ-1 Fury''' was the first operational jet aircraft in [[United States Navy]] service, and was developed by North American Aviation as the NA-135.<ref name= "FJ-1">[http://web.archive.org/20021016191846/f-86.tripod.com/fj1.html "The FJ-1 Fury."] ''f-86.tripod.com.'' Retrieved: 29 April 2008.</ref> The FJ-1 was an early transitional jet of limited success which carried over similar tail surfaces, wing and canopy derived from the piston-engined [[North American P-51 Mustang|P-51D Mustang]]. The evolution of the design to incorporate swept wings would become the basis for the land-based '''XP-86''' prototype - itself originally designed with a very similar straight-wing planform to the FJ-1 airframe - of the [[United States Air Force]]'s enormously influential [[North American F-86 Sabre|F-86 Sabre]], which itself formed the basis for the Navy's carrier-based [[North American FJ-2/-3 Fury]].
   
 
==Design and development==
 
==Design and development==
Ordered in late 1944 as the XFJ-1 in competition with proposals from Douglas and [[Vought]], the Fury began as a straight-wing, [[tricycle gear]] fighter with a single [[turbojet]] passing through the fuselage. The wing, empennage and canopy strongly resembled that of the piston-engined P-51D Mustang, North American Aviation's highly successful [[World War II]] fighter.
+
Ordered in late 1944 as the XFJ-1 in competition with proposals from Douglas and [[Vought]], the Fury began as a straight-wing, tricycle gear fighter with a single turbojet passing through the fuselage. The wing, empennage and canopy strongly resembled that of the piston-engined P-51D Mustang, North American Aviation's highly successful [[World War II]] fighter.
   
 
==Operational history==
 
==Operational history==
 
[[File:FJ-1 VF-5A CV-21 Mar48 NAN3-63.jpg|thumb|An FJ-1 of [[VF-51]] aboard [[USS Boxer (CV-21)|USS ''Boxer'']] in March 1948.]]
 
[[File:FJ-1 VF-5A CV-21 Mar48 NAN3-63.jpg|thumb|An FJ-1 of [[VF-51]] aboard [[USS Boxer (CV-21)|USS ''Boxer'']] in March 1948.]]
[[File:FJ-1 Oakland NAR NAN3-51.jpg|thumb|An Oakland Naval Air Reserve FJ-1 over [[Oakland, California]], in 1950.]]
+
[[File:FJ-1 Oakland NAR NAN3-51.jpg|thumb|An Oakland Naval Air Reserve FJ-1 over Oakland, California, in 1950.]]
 
The first flight of the prototype XFJ-1 took place on 11 September 1946, with the first of 30 deliveries beginning in October 1947. Flown by Navy squadron [[VF-51|VF-5A]], the '''FJ-1''' made the USN's first operational [[aircraft carrier]] landing with a jet fighter at sea{{#tag:ref|The first all-jet aircraft to take off and land from an American carrier was a [[McDonnell FH-1 Phantom|McDonnell XFD-1 Phantom]] on 21 July 1946 from {{USS|Franklin D. Roosevelt|CV-42|6}}, but the tests were not conducted under operational conditions.|group=N}} on 10 March 1948 aboard {{USS|Boxer|CV-21|6}}, pioneering jet-powered carrier operations and underscoring the need for [[catapult]]-equipped carriers. The Fury was capable of launching without catapult assistance, but on a crowded flight deck the capability was of limited use. Taking off without a catapult launch limited the FJ-1 to a perilous, slow climb that was considered too risky for normal operations.
 
The first flight of the prototype XFJ-1 took place on 11 September 1946, with the first of 30 deliveries beginning in October 1947. Flown by Navy squadron [[VF-51|VF-5A]], the '''FJ-1''' made the USN's first operational [[aircraft carrier]] landing with a jet fighter at sea{{#tag:ref|The first all-jet aircraft to take off and land from an American carrier was a [[McDonnell FH-1 Phantom|McDonnell XFD-1 Phantom]] on 21 July 1946 from {{USS|Franklin D. Roosevelt|CV-42|6}}, but the tests were not conducted under operational conditions.|group=N}} on 10 March 1948 aboard {{USS|Boxer|CV-21|6}}, pioneering jet-powered carrier operations and underscoring the need for [[catapult]]-equipped carriers. The Fury was capable of launching without catapult assistance, but on a crowded flight deck the capability was of limited use. Taking off without a catapult launch limited the FJ-1 to a perilous, slow climb that was considered too risky for normal operations.
   
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[[File:Yanks Fury.JPG|thumb|FJ-1 Fury at Yanks Air Museum.]]
 
[[File:Yanks Fury.JPG|thumb|FJ-1 Fury at Yanks Air Museum.]]
 
;FJ-1
 
;FJ-1
*120349 - [[Yanks Air Museum]] in [[Chino, California]].<ref>[https://yanksair.com/Products/127/110/North-American-NA-141-Fury-FJ-1/ "FJ Fury/120349".] ''Yanks Air Museum.'' Retrieved: 29 October 2012.</ref>
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*120349 - [[Yanks Air Museum]] in Chino, California.<ref>[https://yanksair.com/Products/127/110/North-American-NA-141-Fury-FJ-1/ "FJ Fury/120349".] ''Yanks Air Museum.'' Retrieved: 29 October 2012.</ref>
   
*unknown - [[National Air and Space Museum]] in [[Washington, D.C]].<ref>[http://www.nasm.si.edu/collections/artifact.cfm?id=A19731221000 "FJ-1 Fury".] ''NASM.'' Retrieved: 17 January 2011.</ref>
+
*unknown - National Air and Space Museum in [[Washington, D.C]].<ref>[http://www.nasm.si.edu/collections/artifact.cfm?id=A19731221000 "FJ-1 Fury".] ''NASM.'' Retrieved: 17 January 2011.</ref>
   
 
==Specifications (FJ-1)==
 
==Specifications (FJ-1)==
 
[[File:North American FJ-1 Fury line drawings.PNG|thumb|300px|Line drawings for the FJ-1 Fury.]]
 
[[File:North American FJ-1 Fury line drawings.PNG|thumb|300px|Line drawings for the FJ-1 Fury.]]
 
{{aircraft specifications
 
{{aircraft specifications
<!-- if you do not understand how to use this template, please ask at [[Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Aircraft]] -->
 
<!-- please answer the following questions -->
 
 
|plane or copter?=plane
 
|plane or copter?=plane
 
|jet or prop?=jet
 
|jet or prop?=jet
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|area main=221 ft²
 
|area main=221 ft²
 
|area alt=20.5 m²
 
|area alt=20.5 m²
|empty weight main= 8,843 [[pound (mass)|lb]]
+
|empty weight main= 8,843 lb
 
|empty weight alt= 4,010 kg
 
|empty weight alt= 4,010 kg
 
|loaded weight main=15,118 lb
 
|loaded weight main=15,118 lb
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'''Fuel provisions''' Internal fuel load: 465 gal (1,743 l), Wing Tip Tanks: 2 × 170 gal (644 l)
 
'''Fuel provisions''' Internal fuel load: 465 gal (1,743 l), Wing Tip Tanks: 2 × 170 gal (644 l)
 
|engine (jet)= [[Allison J35]]-A-2
 
|engine (jet)= [[Allison J35]]-A-2
|type of jet= [[turbojet]]
+
|type of jet= turbojet
 
|number of jets= 1
 
|number of jets= 1
|thrust main= 4,000 [[pound-force|lbf]]
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|thrust main= 4,000 lbf
 
|thrust alt= 17.8 kN
 
|thrust alt= 17.8 kN
 
|max speed main=547 mph at 9,000 ft (880 km/h at 2,743 m)
 
|max speed main=547 mph at 9,000 ft (880 km/h at 2,743 m)
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|thrust/weight=0.38
 
|thrust/weight=0.38
 
|more performance=
 
|more performance=
* '''Stalling speed''' (power off): 121 mph (106 [[knot (unit)|kn]], 194 km/h)
+
* '''Stalling speed''' (power off): 121 mph (106 kn, 194 km/h)
 
|guns=6 × [[.50 BMG|0.50 in]] (12.7 mm) [[M2 Browning machine gun]]s (1,500 rounds in total)
 
|guns=6 × [[.50 BMG|0.50 in]] (12.7 mm) [[M2 Browning machine gun]]s (1,500 rounds in total)
 
}}
 
}}
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[North American P-51 Mustang]]
{{aircontent
 
|related=
 
* [[North American P-51 Mustang]]
 
 
* [[North American T-2 Buckeye]]
 
* [[North American T-2 Buckeye]]
 
* [[North American F-86 Sabre]]
 
* [[North American F-86 Sabre]]
 
* [[North American FJ-2/-3 Fury]]
 
* [[North American FJ-2/-3 Fury]]
 
* [[North American FJ-4 Fury]]
 
* [[North American FJ-4 Fury]]
 
*[[de Havilland Vampire|de Havilland Sea Vampire]]
|similar aircraft=
 
* [[de Havilland Vampire|de Havilland Sea Vampire]]
 
 
* [[Gloster E.1/44]]
 
* [[Gloster E.1/44]]
 
* [[Hawker Sea Hawk]]
 
* [[Hawker Sea Hawk]]
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* [[Supermarine Attacker]]
 
* [[Supermarine Attacker]]
 
* [[Vought F6U Pirate]]
 
* [[Vought F6U Pirate]]
 
*[[List of fighter aircraft]]
|lists=
 
* [[List of fighter aircraft]]
 
 
* [[List of military aircraft of the United States]]
 
* [[List of military aircraft of the United States]]
 
* [[List of Sabre and Fury units in US military]]
 
* [[List of Sabre and Fury units in US military]]
}}
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{North American Aviation aircraft}}
 
{{North American Aviation aircraft}}
 
{{USN fighters}}
 
{{USN fighters}}
  +
{{aviation lists}}
 
 
{{Wikipedia|North American FJ-1 Fury}}
   
 
[[Category:North American Aviation aircraft|F1J-1]]
 
[[Category:North American Aviation aircraft|F1J-1]]
 
[[Category:Carrier-based aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Carrier-based aircraft]]
[[Category:United States fighter aircraft 1940–1949]]
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[[Category:1940s United States fighter aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Single-engined jet aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Single-engined jet aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Low-wing aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Low-wing aircraft]]
 
[[Category:F-86 Sabre|FJ-1]]
 
[[Category:F-86 Sabre|FJ-1]]
 
{{Wikipedia|North American FJ-1 Fury}}
 

Latest revision as of 04:31, 30 January 2020

FJ-1 Fury
A FJ-1 Fury in 1947
Role Fighter aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer North American Aviation
First flight 11 September 1946
Introduction October 1947
Primary users United States Navy
United States Marine Corps
Number built 31 (including prototype)
Developed into North American F-86 Sabre

The North American FJ-1 Fury was the first operational jet aircraft in United States Navy service, and was developed by North American Aviation as the NA-135.[1] The FJ-1 was an early transitional jet of limited success which carried over similar tail surfaces, wing and canopy derived from the piston-engined P-51D Mustang. The evolution of the design to incorporate swept wings would become the basis for the land-based XP-86 prototype - itself originally designed with a very similar straight-wing planform to the FJ-1 airframe - of the United States Air Force's enormously influential F-86 Sabre, which itself formed the basis for the Navy's carrier-based North American FJ-2/-3 Fury.

Design and development[]

Ordered in late 1944 as the XFJ-1 in competition with proposals from Douglas and Vought, the Fury began as a straight-wing, tricycle gear fighter with a single turbojet passing through the fuselage. The wing, empennage and canopy strongly resembled that of the piston-engined P-51D Mustang, North American Aviation's highly successful World War II fighter.

Operational history[]

An FJ-1 of VF-51 aboard USS Boxer in March 1948.

An Oakland Naval Air Reserve FJ-1 over Oakland, California, in 1950.

The first flight of the prototype XFJ-1 took place on 11 September 1946, with the first of 30 deliveries beginning in October 1947. Flown by Navy squadron VF-5A, the FJ-1 made the USN's first operational aircraft carrier landing with a jet fighter at sea[N 1] on 10 March 1948 aboard USS Boxer, pioneering jet-powered carrier operations and underscoring the need for catapult-equipped carriers. The Fury was capable of launching without catapult assistance, but on a crowded flight deck the capability was of limited use. Taking off without a catapult launch limited the FJ-1 to a perilous, slow climb that was considered too risky for normal operations.

As German research into swept wing aerodynamics was not yet available when the design was finalized, the FJ-1 used a straight wing. No provision for wing-folding had been made as dive brakes mounted in the wings made that option unfeasible. In order to conserve carrier deck space, a unique "kneeling" nose undercarriage along with a swivelling "jockey wheel" allowed the FJ-1 to be stacked tail-high, close to another FJ-1.[2]

Although ordered into production, the initial order for 100 units was trimmed to only 30 aircraft which were mainly used in testing at NAS North Island, California. VF-5A, soon redesignated as VF-51, operated the type in service beginning in August 1948. Although VF-51 went to sea on Boxer by May 1949, the FJ-1s were phased out in favor of the new F9F-2 Panther.[3]

Ending its service career in U.S. Naval Reserve units, the FJ-1 eventually was retired in 1953. The one highlight in its short service life was VF-51's win in the Bendix Trophy Race for jets in September 1948. The unit entered seven FJ-1s, flying from Long Beach, California to Cleveland, Ohio, with VF-51 aircraft taking the first four places, ahead of two California Air National Guard Lockheed F-80 Shooting Stars.[1]

Variants[]

FJ-1 and FJ-2 in 1952

XFJ-1
Prototype aircraft, powered by a 3,820 lbf (17 kN) General Electric J35-GE-2 turbojet engine, three built.
FJ-1 Fury
Single-seat fighter aircraft, powered by a 4,000 lbf (17.8 kN) Allison J35-A-2 turbojet engine, armed with six 0.50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns, 30 built.

Operators[]

United States

Aircraft on display[]

FJ-1 Fury at Yanks Air Museum.

FJ-1
  • 120349 - Yanks Air Museum in Chino, California.[4]

Specifications (FJ-1)[]

Line drawings for the FJ-1 Fury.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 34 ft 5 in (10.48 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 2 in (11.63 m)
  • Height: 14 ft 10 in (4.52 m)
  • Wing area: 221 ft² (20.5 m²)
  • Empty weight: 8,843 lb (4,010 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 15,118 lb (6,854 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Allison J35-A-2 turbojet, 4,000 lbf (17.8 kN)
  • Fuel provisions Internal fuel load: 465 gal (1,743 l), Wing Tip Tanks: 2 × 170 gal (644 l)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 547 mph at 9,000 ft (880 km/h at 2,743 m)
  • Range: 1,496 mi, (2,407 km)1,496 mi (2,407 km) with external tanks
  • Service ceiling: 32,000 ft. (9,753 m)
  • Rate of climb: 3,300 ft/min at sea level (1,005 m/min)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.38
  • Stalling speed (power off): 121 mph (106 kn, 194 km/h)

Armament

See also[]

References[]

Notes
  1. The first all-jet aircraft to take off and land from an American carrier was a McDonnell XFD-1 Phantom on 21 July 1946 from USS Franklin D. Roosevelt, but the tests were not conducted under operational conditions.
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 "The FJ-1 Fury." f-86.tripod.com. Retrieved: 29 April 2008.
  2. "FJ Fury." boeing.com. Retrieved: 29 April 2008.
  3. "FJ Fury." globalsecurity.org. Retrieved: 29 April 2008.
  4. "FJ Fury/120349". Yanks Air Museum. Retrieved: 29 October 2012.
  5. "FJ-1 Fury". NASM. Retrieved: 17 January 2011.
Bibliography
  • Taylor, John, W.R., ed. Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1965-1966. London: Jane's All the World's Aircraft, 1967. ISBN 0-7106-1377-6.
  • Wagner, Ray. The North American Sabre. London: Macdonald, 1963. No ISBN.
  • Winchester, Jim, ed. Military Aircraft of the Cold War (The Aviation Factfile). London: Grange Books plc, 2006. ISBN 1-84013-929-3.

External links[]

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