|North Carolina Air National Guard|
A C-130 Hercules cargo aircraft undergoes maintenance at the main hangar of the NC Air National Guard
|Active||15 March 1948 - present|
|Branch||Air National Guard|
|Role||"To meet state and federal mission responsibilities."|
North Carolina National Guard|
United States National Guard Bureau
|Garrison/HQ||North Carolina Air National Guard, 4105 Reedy Creek Rd, Raleigh, North Carolina, 27607|
|Motto(s)||"We stand ready"|
President Barack Obama|
Michael B. Donley
(Secretary of the Air Force)
Governor Pat McCrory
(Governor of the State of North Carolina)
|Ceremonial chief||Major General Gregory A. Lusk|
|Emblem of the North Carolina National Guard|
The North Carolina Air National Guard (NC ANG) is the air force militia of the State of North Carolina, United States of America. It is, along with the North Carolina Army National Guard, an element of the North Carolina National Guard.
As state militia units, the units in the North Carolina Air National Guard are not in the normal United States Air Force chain of command. They are under the jurisdiction of the Governor of North Carolina though the office of the North Carolina Adjutant General unless they are federalized by order of the President of the United States. The North Carolina Air National Guard is headquartered in Raleigh, and its commander is Major General Gregory A. Lusk.
Overview[edit | edit source]
Under the "Total Force" concept, North Carolina Air National Guard units are considered to be Air Reserve Components (ARC) of the United States Air Force (USAF). North Carolina ANG units are trained and equipped by the Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the North Carolina Air National Guard forces are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment tasking orders along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts in their assigned cycle deployment window.
Along with their federal reserve obligations, as state militia units the elements of the North Carolina ANG are subject to being activated by order of the Governor to provide protection of life and property, and preserve peace, order and public safety. State missions include disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and forest fires, search and rescue, protection of vital public services, and support to civil defense.
Components[edit | edit source]
The North Carolina Air National Guard consists of the following major unit:
- Established 15 March 1948 (as: 156th Fighter Squadron); operates: C-130H Hercules
- Stationed at: Charlotte Air National Guard Base, Charlotte
- Gained by: Air Mobility Command
- Provides tactical airlift capability to the United States Military and deliver supplies wherever needed
Support Unit Functions and Capabilities:
- Stationed at: Stanly County Airport. The 118th ASOS provides Tactical Command and Control of air power assets to the Joint Forces Air Component Commander and Joint Forces Land Component Commander for combat operations.
- 235th Air Traffic Control Squadron
- Stationed at: Stanly County Airport. Mobile Air Traffic Control.
- Stationed at: Stanly County Airport. Provides theater communications for the Commander of the United States Central Command.
History[edit | edit source]
On 24 May 1946, the United States Army Air Forces, in response to dramatic postwar military budget cuts imposed by President Harry S. Truman, allocated inactive unit designations to the National Guard Bureau for the formation of an Air Force National Guard. These unit designations were allotted and transferred to various State National Guard bureaus to provide them unit designations to re-establish them as Air National Guard units.
The North Carolina Air National Guard origins date to 15 March 1948 with the establishment of the 156th Fighter Squadron and is oldest unit of the North Carolina Air National Guard. It was federally recognized and activated at Morris Field, near Charlotte and was equipped with F-47D Thunderbolts. Its mission was the air defense of the state.
In 1950 the 156th was re-equipped with former World War II F-51 Mustangs, now designated RF-51D which had been used in the United States in a training role. Te squadron became part of Tactical Air Command (TAC) as a Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron. The 156th Fighter Squadron was federalized due to the Korean War on 10 October 1950. During its federalization period, the 157th was deployed to Toul-Rosières Air Base, departing for Europe in January 1952. On 9 July 1952 the activated North Carolina Air National Guard was released from active duty and returned to state control.
In 1955 the facilities at Morris Field were expanded, two years later the 145th Fighter Group was organized consisting of the 156th Fighter Squadron and subordinate units. In 1960 the 145th FG group was redesignated the 145th Aeromedical Transport Group flying evacuation missions. In 1964 the 145th ATG was redesignated 145th Air Transport Group (Heavy). From 1966 to 1971 the 145th ATG was deployed to Vietnam, flying over 20 million km without an aircraft accident.
In 1990 North Carolina Army and Air National Guard units were mobilized for Operation Desert Shield, followed by Operation Desert Storm in 1991. Personnel from the 145th Airlift Wing were deployed to Germany and other locations. In 1995 North Carolina Army and Air National Guard troops were mobilized for service in Bosnia, Hungary, and Germany.
After the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, elements of every Air National Guard unit in North Carolina has been activated in support of the Global War on Terrorism. Flight crews, aircraft maintenance personnel, communications technicians, air controllers and air security personnel were engaged in Operation Noble Eagle air defense overflights of major United States cities. Also, North Carolina ANG units have been deployed overseas as part of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq as well as other locations as directed.
References[edit | edit source]
- Gross, Charles J (1996), The Air National Guard and the American Military Tradition, United States Dept. of Defense, ISBN 0160483026
- North Carolina National Guard website