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YC-19 Alpha
Northrop Alpha (Y1C-19).jpg
Northrop Y1C-19
Role Transport
Manufacturer Northrop
Designer John K. Northrop
First flight 1930 as Northrop Alpha
Primary user US Army Air Corps
Number built 3[1]
Variants Northrop Alpha

The Northrop C-19 Alpha was a series of three aircraft purchased from Northrop by the US Army Air Corps in 1931. They were slightly modified versions of the civil Northrop Alpha Type 2.[1] The major difference between the C-19s and the Alphas was that the civilian version carried a pilot and six passengers while the Army version carried a pilot and four passengers. One aircraft, the last of the three purchased, crashed between Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia on Sunday, March 19, 1933, killing its pilot and two passengers.[citation needed] The other aircraft were used for several more years until being sent to training schools as subjects for maintenance and repair classes.

Design and developmentEdit

The YC-19 aircraft were Northrop Alpha 4s supplied for evaluation to the USAAC. No production oders was given.[1]

VariantsEdit

YC-19
one aircraft, previously an Alpha 4, serial numbers 31-516[2]
Y1C-19
two aircraft, serial numbers 31-517 to 31-518,[2] Pratt & Whitney R-1340-11 engine[3]

OperatorsEdit

Specifications (YC-19)Edit

Data from "Janes all the Worlds Aircraft" - 1931, page 303c

General characteristics
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Capacity: four passengers
  • Length: 28 ft 5 in (8.66 m)
  • Wingspan: 41 ft 10 in (12.75 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 4,700 lb (2,136 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1340-7 Wasp radial, 450 hp (336 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 170 mph (272 km/h)
  • Range: 650 miles (1,040 km)
  • Service ceiling: 19,000 ft (5,792 m)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft" Editors: Paul Eden & Soph Moeng, (Amber Books Ltd. Bradley's Close, 74-77 White Lion Street, London, NI 9PF, 2002, ISBN 0-7607-3432-1), 1152 pp.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "United States Military Aircraft Since 1909" by F. G. Swanborough & Peter M. Bowers (Putnam New York, ISBN 0-85177-816-X) 1964, 596 pp.
  3. "U.S. Army Aircraft 1908-1946" by James C. Fahey, 1946, 64pp.

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