Japanese General Count Oku Yasukata
|Native name||奥 保鞏|
|Born||5 January 1847|
|Died||19 July 1930(aged 83)|
|Place of birth||Kokura, Buzen Province, Japan|
|Place of death||Tokyo, Japan|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1871 - 1911|
|Commands held||IJA 5th Division, IJA 1st Army, Imperial Guard of Japan, IJA 2nd Army|
|Awards||Order of the Golden Kite (1st class)|
Biography[edit | edit source]
Early life[edit | edit source]
Born in Kokura (now in present-day Kitakyūshū) to a samurai family of the Kokura domain in Buzen Province, Oku joined the military forces of the nearby Chōshū Domain during the Boshin War in their struggle to overthrow the Tokugawa Shogunate and bring about the Meiji Restoration.
Military career[edit | edit source]
Appointed a commander of the new Imperial Japanese Army, Oku fought against the disgruntled samurai insurgents during the Saga Rebellion of 1871. He was later a survivor of the Taiwan Expedition of 1874. During the Satsuma Rebellion, he defended Kumamoto Castle during its siege as commander of the 13th Infantry Regiment.
During the First Sino-Japanese War Oku succeeded General Nozu Michitsura commander of the IJA Fifth Division of the IJA First Army. Later, he successively held posts as commander of the Imperial Guards and Governor-general for the defense of Tokyo. He was elevated to the title of danshaku (baron) under the kazoku peerage system in 1895, and was promoted to army general in 1903.
During the Russo-Japanese War, Oku went to the front as commanding general of the IJA 2nd Army and was noted for his role in the Battle of Nanshan, Battle of Shaho, Battle of Mukden, and other campaigns.
Oku refused to attend strategy and staff meetings, and thereby gained a reputation for being both a “lone wolf” and also a brilliant tactician capable of independent action. However, in fact, Oku's reluctance to attend the staff meetings was due to his partial deafness, and inability to comprehend and contribute to the discussions.
Post-war life[edit | edit source]
Oku had absolutely no interest in politics, and lived in virtual seclusion after the war. When he died in 1930, many people were astonished, thinking that he had died years previously.
References[edit | edit source]
Books[edit | edit source]
- Craig, Albert M. Chōshū in the Meiji Restoration. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.
- Dupuy, Trevor N. (1992). Encyclopedia of Military Biography. I B Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 1-85043-569-3.
- Harries, Meirion (1994). Soldiers of the Sun: The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army. Random House. ISBN 0-679-75303-6.
- Keane, Donald (2005). Emperor Of Japan: Meiji And His World, 1852-1912. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12341-8.
- Paine, S.C.M. (2003). Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895: Perception, Power, and Primacy. Cambridge University Press.
- Jukes, Geoffry (2002). The Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905. Osprey Essential Histories. ISBN 978-1-84176-446-7.
[edit | edit source]
- National Diet Library. "Oku Yasukata". Portraits of Modern Historical Figures. http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/44.html.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Craig, Choshu in the Meiji Restoration
- National Diet Library, Portraits of Modern Historical Figures
- Jukes, The Russo-Japanese War
- Dupuy, Encyclopedia of Military Biography
- Japanese wikipedia article
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