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Operation Ashura
Part of 2014 Iraqi conflict
Babil map.svg
A map of Babil Governorate, where Jurf Al Sakhar is located
Date 24–26 October 2014
(2 days)
Location Jurf Al Sakhar, Babil Governorate, Iraq
Result Allied victory
Territorial
changes
Jurf Al Sakhar recaptured from ISIS

ISIS militants fled to the southwest areas of the town[1]

</td>

</tr><tr> <th colspan="2" style="background-color: #B0C4DE; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;">Belligerents</th> </tr><tr> <td style="width:50%; border-right:1px dotted #aaa;">Iraq Iraqi government

Shiism arabic blue.svg Shi'ite militia

Iran Iran

InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah[2] </td><td style="width:50%; padding-left:0.25em">Flag of The Islamic State of Iraq.jpg Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

</td> </tr><tr> <th colspan="2" style="background-color: #B0C4DE; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;">Commanders and leaders</th> </tr><tr> <td style="width:50%; border-right:1px dotted #aaa;">23x15px Hadi al-Amiri
Iran Qasem Soleimani
</td><td style="width:50%; padding-left:0.25em">Unknown </td> </tr><tr> <th colspan="2" style="background-color: #B0C4DE; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;">Strength</th> </tr><tr> <td style="width:50%; border-right:1px dotted #aaa;">Iraqi government & Shiite militia: 7000[3]
Unknown number of others </td><td style="width:50%; padding-left:0.25em">Unknown </td> </tr><tr> <th colspan="2" style="background-color: #B0C4DE; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;">Casualties and losses</th> </tr><tr> <td style="width:50%; border-right:1px dotted #aaa;">Unknown </td><td style="width:50%; padding-left:0.25em">498 militants KIA
100+ IEDs defused </td> </tr></table>

Operation Ashura (Arabic language:عملية عاشوراء‎) was a two-day military operation by Iraqi government forces and Iranian-backed Shia militia starting on 24 October 2014 aimed at retaking the strategic city of Jurf Al Sakhar near Baghdad from ISIS.[4][5] The operation was mainly aimed at preventing ISIS militants from reaching the holy cities of Karbala and Najaf, where ISIS threatened to carry out attacks against the millions of Shia visitors commemorating the Day of Ashura.

BackgroundEdit

Jurf Al Sakhar is a strategic town 50 kilometres south of the Iraqi capital. It is part of a predominantly Sunni ribbon that runs just south of Baghdad.

In 2014 Jurf Al Sakhar was captured by Islamic State terrorist organization.

The town lies on a road usually taken by millions of Shia Muslim pilgrims who will be heading in droves to the holy Shia city of Karbala in the Day of Ashura in the holy month of Muharram in order to commemorate the death of Muhammad's grandson, Imam Hussein — one of the most revered figures in Shiite Islam. The Islamic State, which considers Shias apostates, was expected to attempt to target the observances.[6]

According to Iraqi security officials, Jurf Al Sakhar "presents a specific danger to Karbala" and clearing the area is a key priority ahead of Ashura.[7]

Five car bombings in the holy city of Karbala last week added urgency to the operation.[7]

OperationEdit

On 24 October 2014 the operation was launched in the area by the Iraqi government forces and Iranian-backed Shia militias and volunteers caused the liberation of the city,[7][8]

Badr Brigade commander Hadi al-Amiri claimed to have led the operation in tandem with the country’s new interior minister, who is a member of his party. Unverified pictures circulated online showed Hadi al-Amiri with Qasem Soleimani, the commander of Iran's elite Quds Force, during the operation. An Iraqi security official and a militia fighter also claimed that Soleimani was present on the battlefield.[7] There have been claims about presence of Iranian forces in the operation. According to a commander of the Shia militia group Kata'ib Hezbollah, there were no Iranian forces, "but if there was a presence of some individuals, it was all officially coordinated". A commander said that Suleimani planned the operation "three months ago".[2]

According to Iraqi security officials, 498 ISIS militants were killed during the operation. 35 of whom were from Saudi Arabia, 30 from Chechnya, and 24 from Syria. 60 of them were snipers or gunman and 29 others were suicide bombers.[9][10]

On 29 October the Babil Government decided to lock the whole of Jurf Al Sakhar down to the area's displaced people for 8 months, so that to remove the numerous IEDs and clear the houses from bombs that has been placed by IS.[11] Some 100 explosive devices, left by insurgents as they retreated from Jurf al-Sakhar region, were defused and detonated by Iraqi forces.[7][12]

Babylon Provincial Council announced that the name of Jurf al-Sakhar (جرف الصخر, meaning "rocky bank") was changed into Jurf al-Nasr (جرف النصر, meaning "victory bank").[13]

ReactionsEdit

  • Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq - Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi praised Iraq’s “hero forces” for delivering a “fatal blow” against the Islamic State.[14]
  • Flag of Iran.svg Iran - Deputy Foreign Minister for Afro-Arab Affairs Hossein Amirabdollahian congratulated the "Iraqi government and nation on liberation of Jurf Al Sakhar region".[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Kurdish and Iraqi government forces make gains against Isis insurgents". the Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/25/isis-kurds-iraqi-army-recapture-zumar-baghdad. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Iran general said to mastermind Iraq ground war". The Big Story. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/b9608f80a3c743ba81373a6eaceb7f13/iran-general-said-mastermind-iraq-ground-war. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  3. Mysterious Iranian general fights ISIS in Iraq New York Post
  4. http://www.iraqinews.com/iraq-war/urgent-iraqi-army-forces-take-control-jurf-al-sakhar-alroieih-babylon/ Accessed on 25-10-2014
  5. http://www.aletejahtv.net/en/news/iraq_news-y9lJpIWnf02cjKPOAKsOpA/operation-ashura-flushing-out-is-miltants Accessed on 25-10-2014
  6. "Iraq soldiers retake Jurf al-Sakhar, town held by ISIS". 26 October 2014. http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/iraq-soldiers-retake-jurf-al-sakhar-town-held-by-isis-1.2813697. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Iraqi forces press to secure Shiite south ahead of Ashura religious commemorations Washington Post
  8. http://en.alforatnews.com/modules/news/article.php?storyid=12454 Accessed on 25-10-2014
  9. "498 ISIS terrorists killed in Jurf al-Sakhar military operation". Iraq news, the latest Iraq news. http://www.iraqinews.com/features/isil-terrorists-killed-in-jurf-al-sakhar-military-operation-sources/. 
  10. "Iraqi Forces Kill about 500 ISIL Terrorists in Jurf Al-Sakhar". 26 October 2014. http://www.abna.ir/english/service/middle-east-west-asia/archive/2014/10/26/646939/story.html. 
  11. http://awaniq.com/ar/news/11618/ Accessed on 30-10-2014
  12. "Iraqi army recaptures Jurf al-Sakhar and defuses more than 100 IEDs". http://shiawaves.com/english/islam/466-iraqi-army-recaptures-jurf-al-sakhar-and-defuses-more-than-100-ieds. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  13. "Iraqi soldiers set up first Husseini procession in Jurf al-Sakhar". http://shiawaves.com/english/islam/497-iraqi-soldiers-set-up-first-husseini-procession-in-jurf-al-sakhar. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  14. "Iraqi forces press to secure Shiite south ahead of Ashura religious commemorations". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/iraqi-forces-press-to-secure-shiite-south-ahead-of-religious-festival/2014/10/25/0b6ac5f0-6e1e-47f4-ab8d-a942c3606506_story.html. 
  15. "Iran congratulates Iraq for liberation of Jurf Al Sakhar region". http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2772613/. 

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