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Operation Revenge or Operation Entegham (Persian: عملیات انتقام) was an operation during Iran-Iraq war, which was launched by Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force on 22 September 1980.[1] The commencement of the operation was about 2 hours[2][3][4] after the formal outbreak of Iran-Iraq war which was started by the attacks of Iraqi forces.[2][5] At operation revenge,[6] 8 fighter jets—of Iran bombed 2 military bases of Iraq.[7]

At this operation,[8][9] Iranian air force planned an operation by the name of Entegham (revenge); two wings (air groups) by the name of "Alborz" and "Alfard" from the 3rd fighter base of Hamedan and the 6th fighter base of Bushehr had the duty of battle against Iraqi forces.[10]

The Iranian pilot colonel, Javad Fakoori was the commander of "Islamic republic of Iran air force", and swiftly announced for an emergency situation—after Iraq attacks—and recalled all senior commanders of Nahaja (IRIAF) to be gathered in Tehran; he declared in a formal meeting concerning the necessity of a decisive/fast response to the (Iraqi) attacks.[10]

At the mentioned operation, at the initial step, the first wing of Iranian fighter bases—Alborz base—flew at 16:30 and bombed Sho'aibiyeh air (military) base[10] which is located in Basra Governorate;[11] afterwards another wing (Alfard) flew at 17:25 and bombed Kut air base[10] in Maysan Governorate.[11] During this operation (beside Operation Kaman 99), Iraqi economic/military centers were hit by 140 Iranian fighter planes.[11]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Islamic Republic Air Force Revenge Operation". aparat.com. https://www.aparat.com/v/7mQwz/%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%86%D8%AF._%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA_%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85_%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C_%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C_%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AA%D8%B4_%D8%AC%D9%85%D9%87%D9%88%D8%B1%DB%8C_%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85%DB%8C. Retrieved 10 August 2019. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Operation Entegham". nasrnews.ir. http://nasrnews.ir/News/tabid/243/ArticleID/21144/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%8C-%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AE-%D8%AA%D9%86%D9%87%D8%A7-%D8%AF%D9%88-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AA-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%AD%D9%85%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%B1%D8%B3%D9%85%DB%8C-%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%A8%D9%87-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86. Retrieved 30 July 2019. 
  3. "Amaliat entegham (Operation revenge), The first response came just two hours after the official Iraqi invasion against Iran". aja.ir. https://www.aja.ir/portal/home/?news/77979/77984/308977/%D9%BE%D8%A7%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%BE%D9%88%DB%8C%D9%86%D8%AA-%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%81%DB%8C-%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85-(%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AE). Retrieved 30 July 2019. 
  4. "Narrative of the first air response to Saddam". isna.ir. https://www.isna.ir/news/97042312484/%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AE-%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C-%D8%A8%D9%87-%D8%B5%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%85. Retrieved 10 August 2019. 
  5. "Revenge the enemy, 2 hours after the commencement of the war". mashreghnews.ir. https://www.mashreghnews.ir/news/896946/%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%AF%D8%B4%D9%85%D9%86-%DB%B2-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AA-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B9-%D8%AC%D9%86%DA%AF. Retrieved 30 July 2019. 
  6. "A document (film) of "operation revenge"". aparat.com. https://www.aparat.com/v/Jw2vX/Naja_3-3%3D%D9%81%DB%8C%D9%84%D9%85_%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%86%D8%AF_%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA_%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85_%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C_%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C_%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86. Retrieved 31 July 2019. 
  7. "Operation revenge, the first response of Iran air force". jonoubnews.ir. http://www.jonoubnews.ir/fa/news/201033/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AE-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C-%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%DB%B3-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AA-%D9%BE%D8%B3-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%A2%D8%BA%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%AC%D9%86%DA%AF. Retrieved 10 August 2019. 
  8. "Documentary of Entegham operation". jabeh.com. https://jabeh.com/watch/1e97d8/%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%84%D9%88%D8%AF-%D9%81%DB%8C%D9%84%D9%85-%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%86%D8%AF-%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C-%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86. Retrieved 10 August 2019. 
  9. "Entegham (revenge) operation (part 1)". aparat.com. https://www.aparat.com/v/rLn45/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA_%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85_%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C_%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C_%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AA%D8%B4_%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%AE%D8%B4_%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84. Retrieved 10 August 2019. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "Entegham (revenge) operation, the first response of air force". tasnimnews.com. https://www.tasnimnews.com/fa/news/1395/07/03/1192586/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AE-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C-%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-3-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AA-%D9%BE%D8%B3-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%A2%D8%BA%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%AC%D9%86%DA%AF. Retrieved 11 August 2019. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 "Revenge operation, changed the dream of Saddam to a nightmare". defapress.ir. http://defapress.ir/fa/news/101789/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%B1%D8%A4%DB%8C%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D8%B5%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%B1%D8%A7-%D8%A8%D9%87-%DA%A9%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%B3-%D8%AA%D8%A8%D8%AF%DB%8C%D9%84-%DA%A9%D8%B1%D8%AF. Retrieved 12 August 2019. 

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