On 23 July, south of Sardinia, there were sustained Italian air attacks which resulted in one cruiser damaged and one destroyer sunk. The 11,000 tn troop transport Sydney Star was torpedoed by an Italian MAS boat and crippled, but the destroyer HMAS Nestor assisted her safe arrival to harbour. Eventually, all the merchant ships reached Malta and an Italian raid to sink them in Grand Harbour failed.
- Naval Staff History, The Royal Navy and the Mediterranean Convoys, p15-22.
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