The Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR (Russian: Орден "За службу Родине в Вооружённых Силах СССР") also known as the "Order for Service to the Motherland" was a Soviet military order awarded in three classes for excellence to military personnel.
The Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR was created on October 28, 1974 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR making it the first military order created after the end of World War II.
The Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR was awarded to soldiers of the Soviet Army, Navy, of border or internal troops: for achievements in combat and political training, for maintaining high combat readiness and developing new military equipment; for high performance in service; for the successful fulfillment of special command tasks; for courage and dedication displayed during the performance of military duties; for other services to the nation while serving in the Armed Forces.
The Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR was divided into three classes, first, second and third. the first class being the highest. Each class was awarded sequentially from the third to the first.
Recipients of the Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR of any class had the right to:
- priority in the choice of living quarters;
- yearly free round trip personal travel by rail (express or passenger trains), by ship (in first class cabins, express or passenger lines), by air or by long-distance road transport;
- free personal use of all types of urban passenger transport in rural areas within the limits of the Republic (except for taxis);
- free vouchers to a sanatorium or rest home (once a year on the recommendation of a medical institution);
- extraordinary availability to community services provided by domestic enterprises, cultural or educational institutions; and,
- a 15% increase in pension.
The Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR is worn on the right side of the chest after the Order of the Red Star and in order of class seniority. When worn with Orders of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence.
The Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR consisted of two 58mm by 58mm four pointed stars crossed at a 90° angle, the top star having the vertical and horizontal points. The rear star was enamelled light blue with gilt edges and two crossed convex oxidised silver rockets pointing towards the upper left and upper right. The rockets' nose cones and tail sections were gilded. The top star was made up of diverging rays, at its center, a circular medallion containing a convex five pointed star within an oak wreath on a blue background, surrounded by a white enamelled ribbon with the inscription: "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR" (Russian: «За службу Родине в ВС СССР») on the sides and top, and the image of the hammer and sickle at the bottom. The central medallion was superimposed over an oxidized silver anchor and wings protruding from the top, bottom and both sides. The Order weighed 64,5 grams.
The main differences between the three classes of the Order:
- 1st class - top four pointed star and central five pointed star were gilded;
- 2nd class - top four pointed star was silver and the central five pointed star was gilded;
- 3rd class - top four pointed star and central five pointed star were silver.
The ribbons to be worn on the uniform in the ribbon bar when the Order wasn't worn were:
- 1st class - blue with a 6mm wide yellow central stripe;
- 2nd class - blue with two 3mm wide yellow central stripes 1mm apart;
- 3rd class - blue with three 2mm wide yellow central stripes 1mm apart.
|First Class||Second Class||Third Class|
The first investiture of the Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR 3rd class took place on February 17, 1975, the first orders 2nd class were awarded on July 30, 1976 and the first awards 1st class in 1982. From 1975 to the disestablishment of the order following the 1991 dissolution of the USSR, 69,576 orders 3rd class, 589 2nd class and only 13 1st class (Full Cavaliers) were awarded. Below are a few of the recipients:
Full Cavaliers (complete list)
- Lieutenant General IK Kolodyazhny (11.02.1982)
- Major General VP Shcherbakov (02/11/1982)
- Colonel General IG Zavialov (16/02/1982)
- Captain 1st grade VA Poroshin (02/16/1982)
- Colonel GK Loshkarev (17/05/1982)
- Lieutenant General A. Borowski (12/27/1982)
- Captain 1st grade A. Kazakov (27/12/1982)
- Colonel M. Orlov (27/12/1982)
- Major General of Internal Troops A. Verevkin (03/01/1989)
- Admiral Vladimir Sergeev (05/05/1989)
- Colonel Boris Agapov (24/05/1989)
- Colonel General GF Baidukov (25.05.1987)
- Colonel General Achalov VA (02/22/1990)
Cavaliers of the 2nd and 3rd classes (partial list)
- Army General Igor Rodionov
- Admiral Vladimir Yegorov
- Admiral of the Fleet Feliks Gromov
- Marshal of Aviation Yevgeniy Savitskiy
- Army General Viktor Dubynin
- Former Colonel and 3rd President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Aslan (Khalid) Aliyevich Maskhadov
- Lieutenant General and politician Alexander Ivanovich Lebed
Cavaliers of the 3rd class (partial list)
- Army General Nikolay Yegorovich Makarov
- Lieutenant Colonel Anatoly Lebed
- Lieutenant General Vladimir Shamanov
- Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergei Sokolov
- Marshal of Aviation Alexander Pokryshkin
- Marshal of the Soviet Union Ivan Yakubovsky
- Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergey Akhromeyev
- Admiral of the Fleet Vladimir Masorin
- Colonel General Gennady Troshev
- Army General Anatoly Kvashnin
- Cosmonaut Major General Andriyan Grigoryevich Nikolayev
- Cosmonaut Major General Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov
- Cosmonaut Lieutenant General Georgy Timofeyevich Beregovoy
- Cosmonaut Major General Vladimir Aleksandrovich Shatalov
- Cosmonaut Colonel Boris Valentinovich Volynov
- Cosmonaut Colonel General Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk
- Cosmonaut Major General Vladimir Aleksandrovich Dzhanibekov
- Cosmonaut Major General Vladimir Vasiliyevich Kovalyonok
- Test Cosmonaut Colonel Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev
- Marshal of the Soviet Union Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Vasilevsky
- Cosmonaut Colonel Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoy
- Cosmonaut Colonel Valery Ilyich Rozhdestvensky
- Marshal of the Soviet Union Kirill Semyonovich Moskalenko
- Lieutenant General and politician Ruslan Sultanovich Aushev
- Captain 3rd Rank Valery Mikhailovich Sablin
- Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Sergey Georgiyevich Gorshkov
- Hero of Belarus Uładzimir Mikałajevič Karvat
- Marshal of the Soviet Union Viktor Georgiyevich Kulikov
- "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 28, 1974" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1974-10-28. http://www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/usr_8432.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. http://www.rg.ru/2010/09/15/nagrady-dok.html. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "List of recipients of the Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR compiled from en.Wikipedia". Wikipedia.
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia, entry on "Soviet Union Orders"
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