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Orders, decorations, and medals of Imperial Germany covers those decorations awarded by the states which came together under Prussian leadership to form the German Empire in 1871. For convenience's sake, this category also covers the decorations of the various German states which were no longer in existence in 1871, mainly because they had been annexed by Prussia during the Wars of Unification or before.

German Empire German Empire[edit | edit source]

The German Empire consisted of 25 states: four kingdoms, six grand duchies, five duchies, seven principalities and three Hanseatic cities. In addition, the house order of the Hohenzollern principalities, although the states themselves had been annexed by Prussia, continued to be awarded in the imperial era. Each state awarded decorations for civil or military merit. The following is a list of the principal civil and military decorations of each state.

Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia[edit | edit source]

Civil decorations
Military and war decorations

Kingdom of Bavaria Kingdom of Bavaria[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of Saxony Kingdom of Saxony[edit | edit source]

Kingdom of Württemberg[edit | edit source]

Grand Duchy of Baden[edit | edit source]

Grand Duchy of Hesse[edit | edit source]

Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin[edit | edit source]

Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz[edit | edit source]

Grand Duchy of Oldenburg[edit | edit source]

Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Anhalt[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Brunswick[edit | edit source]

Duchies of Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Saxe-Meiningen[edit | edit source]

Principalities of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen[edit | edit source]

Principality of Lippe-Detmold[edit | edit source]

Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe[edit | edit source]

Principalities of Reuss, Elder Line and Younger Line[edit | edit source]

Principalities of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen[edit | edit source]

Principality of Waldeck[edit | edit source]

Free and Hanseatic Cities of Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck[edit | edit source]

Former German states[edit | edit source]

The largest state to be annexed by Prussia was the Kingdom of Hanover. Other states which had ceased to exist by 1871 include the Duchy of Nassau, the electoral principality of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), the free city of Frankfurt, and several smaller states. The following is a list of the principal civil and military decorations of these states.

First World War[edit | edit source]

German decorations of the First World War were those medals, ribbons, and other decoratios bestowed upon German soldiers, sailors, and also for civilians, during the First World War. These medals were awarded by both Imperial Germany and various German Kingdoms and other states and city-states of the Reich.

During the Second World War, First World War decorations were commonly displayed on Nazi Party uniforms of the period with such awards intermixed with the more recent awards and decorations of Nazi Germany.

Imperial German badges[edit | edit source]

Non-portable awards included the "Honor Goblet for Victors in the Air" and the "National Motor and Air Travel Commendation".[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. jkmilitaria. "Imperial German Decorations". http://www.jkmilitaria.com/Germany.html. Retrieved 2005-02-14.  (English)
  • Medals and decorations of Hitler's Germany (Robin Lumsden)

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