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Oscar Hugh La Grange (April 3, 1837 – January 5, 1915) was a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War who was nominated and confirmed for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general in 1866.

Biography[edit | edit source]

La Grange was born on April 3, 1837 in Fulton, New York. In 1845, he and his family moved to Ripon, Wisconsin.[1] He attended Ripon College and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. La Grange became an active abolitionist, participating in the Bleeding Kansas conflicts and helping to free Sherman Booth from jail. Later in life, he became superintendent of the San Francisco Mint. La Grange died on pneumonia on January 5, 1915 in New York City.

Military career[edit | edit source]

After the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, La Grange joined the Army and was assigned to the 4th Wisconsin Volunteer Regiment. Later that year, he transferred to the 1st Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. In 1863, La Grange became a brigade commander in the Army of the Cumberland under the command of future U.S. Representative William Rosecrans. He later took part in the Battle of Chickamauga. In 1864, La Grange was serving in the Battle of Rocky Face Ridge when he was taken prisoner by Joseph Wheeler. He was exchanged after three months. After returning to action, La Grange and his brigade played a vital role in the Battle of West Point. La Grange was mustered out of the volunteers on July 19, 1865.[2] On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated La Grange for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.[3]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "La Grange, Col. Oscar H. (1837-1915)". Wisconsin Historical Society. http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=1592&term_type_id=1&term_type_text=people&letter=L. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  2. Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 337
  3. Eicher, 2001, p. 750.

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